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Littleton, Massachusetts : 
published by the historical society. 



— 1128715 


Houghton Memorial Building, given to the Town of Littleton, 
Dec. 4, 1895, by Elizabeth G. and Clement S. Houghton as a 
memorial to William Stevens Houghton. It contains the 
Reuben Hoar Library and the room of the Littleton Histori- 
cal Society. 


Records of the Littleton Historical Society, 3 

George Augustus Sanderson, Secretary. 

List of Members, 18 

The Garrison House at Nashoba, 20 

Frank Bigeloiv Priest. 

Letter from Mr. Charles Stearns, 23 

John Eliot — The Apostle to the Indians, 26 

Rev. Isaac Francis Porter. 

Littleton Land Marks in Proprietors' Deeds, 34 

George Augustus Sanderson. 

An Incident of King Philip's War Connected with 

this Place. 39 

Herbert yoseph Harwood. 

The Error on the Shattuck Monument, 47 

Edward Frost and Executive Committee. 

History of Littleton Schools, 49 

Albert Francis Conant. 

The Work of Historical Societies, 63 

jFulius Herbert Tuttle. 

The Littleton Lyceum, 75 

Rev. William J. Clones. 


Joel Proctor, an Obituary, 89 

Edward Frost. 

What ought the Town to do for the Better Pre- 
servation of its Records, 93 
Edward Frost. 

The Indians of Nashobah, 96 

Herbert yoseph Harwood. 

Trees of Littleton, 107 

Frank Bigelow Priest. 

Our Great Elm, 112 

Edward Frost. 

My Grandmother's Elm, 116 

Marian Dix Sullivan. 

Correspondence upon the Meaning of the Indians 

Name Nashobah, 117 

Reminiscences of the Civil War, 122 

Daniel Cooledge Fletcher. 

Epitaphs from the Old Burying Ground at Lit- 
tleton Common, 127 
George Augustus Sanderson, 
Herbert yoseph Harwood. 

Index, 174 

Herbert yoseph Harwood. 



In response to a call, signed by Herbert J. Harwood, 
George A. Sanderson and Frank B. Priest, inviting " All adult 
persons interested in the formation of a Littleton Historical 
Society," to meet "in the Lower Town Hall on Monday, June 
ii, 1894, at 7.30 P. M.," the following persons came together: 

Mr. and Mrs. Herbert J. Harwood, 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert F. Conant, 

Rev. George B. Frost, 

Rev. William J. Cloues, 

Hon. George W. Sanderson, 

Mr. Daniel C. Fletcher, 

Mr. Albert Smith, 

Mr. Waldo E. Conant, 

Mr. William L. Kimball, 

Mr. Frank B. Priest, 

Mr. Edward B. Bigelow, 

Mr. George Yapp, 

Mr. George A. Sanderson. 

The meeting organized by choosing Herbert J. Harwood, 
temporary chairman, and George A. Sanderson, temporary 


Remarks favoring the formation of an Historical Society 
were made by Herbert J. Harwood, Daniel C. Fletcher, Hon. 
George W. Sanderson, Rev. George B. Frost, Rev. William J. 
Cloues and George A. Sanderson. 

Voted, That the three persons who signed the call be a 
committee to draft By-laws for the Littleton Historical Society 
and report at a future meeting. 

Voted to adjourn subject to the call of the committee on 

George A. Sanderson, Temporary Secretary. 



The Society shall be called the Littleton Historical Society. 


The object of the Society shall be to collect and preserve manuscripts, printed 
books, pamphlets, historical facts, biographical anecdotes and historical relics, and 
to stimulate research into local history. 


Any person who has, at any time, been a resident of Littleton or Boxborough* 
may become a member by paying a membership fee of one dollar, and signing the 
By-Laws. There shall also be an annual fee of one dollar from each member. 

Any person, whether a resident of either of said towns or not, may be chosen 
an honorary member, and shall be exempt from the payment of fees. 

The officers shall be a President, a Vice-President and a Secretary who shall 
also be Treasurer, each to be chosen by ballot at the annual meeting and to hold 
office until the next annual meeting, or until their successors are chosen. These 
officers shall constitute the executive committee of the Society. 


The annual meeting shall be held on the second day of November in each year. 
The other regular meetings shall be on the following days : February the twenty" 
second, June the seventeenth, and the first Monday of September. If the day of 
the November, February or June meeting falls on Sunday, the meeting shall be 
held on the Monday next following. 

Special meetings of the Society may be called at any time by the executive 


Five members shall constitute a quorum. 

Boxborough was made in part from Littleton. 



The officers of the Society shall perform the duties usually performed by 
officers of similar societies. The executive committee shall arrange the programs 
and make all plans for the meetings. 

Special committees to investigate matters of historical interest may be chosen 
by the Society at any meeting. 


The annual fee shall be due at the annual meeting. Any person neglecting for 
one year to pay said fee shall cease to be a member of the Society. 


These By-Laws may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members 
present at the meeting next after the proposed amendment has been submitted in 
writing and read to theSociety. 

Adopted at a meeting called for the purpose by the Com- 
mittee on By-laws, Wednesday, July 18, 1894, in the Lower 
Town Hall, at 7.45 p. m. 

At the same meeting officers were elected as follows : 
President, Herbert J. Harwood. 
Vice-Pi'esident, Frank B. Priest. 
Secretary and Treasurer, George A. Sanderson. 

September 3, 1894. — The Littleton Historical Society had 
its regular meeting on the afternoon of Labor Day. Thirty-four 
people came together near the southwesterly base of Nashoba 
hill to consider the first white settlement on land known as 
" Powers farm," then a part of Concord, now a part of Littleton. 
Here some investigations were made to locate the old garrison 
house and its supposed underground passage. A letter and pa- 
pers were read by Herbert J. Harwood, Frank B. Priest and Ed- 
ward Frost. Mr. Frost's paper was entitled, " Notes of a survey 


made August 25, 1894, on the slopes and near the southwester- 
ly base of Nashoba hill." The theory that the old garrison 
house was in a pasture, a short distance westerly from the house 
now occupied by Mrs. McElligott, at a place where a cellar hole 
may now be seen, met with some opposition and the theory that 
the traces of an underground passage from the garrison house 
are now shown by a depression leading from the cellar hole, six 
hundred and six feet, and ending at a stone wall in the woods, 
was doubted by many. Joel Proctor, the oldest member of the 
society, was sure that the garrison house had stood at the cor- 
ner made by the great road and the road by Mr. Murphy's house 
to Westford and on the side of the road toward Nashoba hill. A 
cellar hole still marks this spot, and the house is said to have 
stood there until comparatively recent times. 

The first burying ground was next visited. It is reached by 
a lane near John Daly's house, being situated some distance from 
the great road. All tombstones have been removed, and the 
land is now cultivated as a part of the farm. One or two head- 
stones have been found in stone walls near by and others are 
believed to be covered in the ground. Not far from the bury- 
ing ground is the course of a stream, now dry, leading into the 
woods to an artificial earth mound extending across a valley at 
right angles to the stream. Another earth mound begins here 
and runs parallel with the stream showing the channel of an 
ancient canal. At the end of the canal pieces of timber, which 
were probably parts of the first mill erected here by white peo- 
ple, may be found in the ground. 

Extracts were read from the journal of the late Francis P. 
Knowlton, and notes of a conversation with Charles W. Reed, of 
Westford, were given. A long letter written by Charles Stearns, 
of Townsend, located many points of historical interest in this part 
of the town. Mr. Stearns was elected an honorary member of 
the society. 


Information which will aid in determining the location of the 
first garrison house will be gladly received by the society. It 
also wishes to know the place and date of death of Stephen 
Coggswell, born in Littleton in 1772, and graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1797. 

George A. Sanderson, Secretary. 

November 2, 1894. — The regular meeting of the Littleton 
Historical Society was held in the Lower Town Hall, Friday 
evening, November 2, 1894. Seven new names were added to the 
membership list. The society now has twenty-seven regular, and 
three honorary members. After the approval of the secre- 
ry's report, the following officers were elected for the ensuing 
year : Herbert J. Harwood, president ; Frank B. Priest, vice- 
president ; and George A. Sanderson, secretary and treasurer. 

A paper giving information lately obtained concerning the 
first garrison house was read by Frank B. Priest. Rev. I. F. 
Porter read a paper on John Eliot and his work. The gifts to 
the society by Eli F. Davis and Mrs. Julia A. Davis, to be known 
as the Davis collection, were then mentioned and some of them 
examined. A sword, inscribed on each side with the words 
" God Bless The Province of Massachusetts Bay," was given by 
Mrs. E. Amanda Kimball. The society passed a vote of thanks to 
Mr. and Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Kimball for their gifts. 

A series of printed questions prepared by the society to 
obtain information concerning the members was circulated. 
George A. Sanderson exhibited an ancestral blank arranged for 
tabulating the direct lines of ancestry and asked that members 
obtain and fill such blanks to be filed with the society. Mr. 
Sanderson also read a paper entitled " Landmarks in the Pro- 
prietors' Deeds." 


Herbert J. Harwood read a paper entitled "An incident of 
King Philip's war connected with this place." 

Hon. George W. Sanderson stated that he had a set of 
town reports which would be complete if some one would give 
him that for 1849, and that he was intending to give the collec- 
tion to the society. 

Voted, that the society hold a meeting in the Littleton Ly- 
ceum course on February 22. Voted to adjourn. 

George A. Sanderson, Secretary. 

February 22, 1895. — The meeting of the Littleton His- 
torical Society, in connection with the Lyceum, Friday evening, 
February 22, 1895, was attended by an audience estimated at 
two hundred, which paid close attention to the exercises and en- 
joyed them thoroughly. 

Rev. William J. Cloues, president, of the lyceum, announced 
this as the last of the winter's course of entertainments. 

After a vocal solo by Charles A. Priest, Mr. Cloues intro- 
duced Herbert J. Harwood, president of the historical society, 
who conducted the meeting and in opening made a brief state- 
ment of the purposes of the society, mentioning that Washing- 
ton's birthday, is one of the dates provided in the by-laws for 
the four stated meetings of the year. 

Albert F. Conant read an excellent paper on the history of 
Littleton schools and school-houses, which showed careful prep- 
aration and traced in an interesting manner the development of 
the schools from the first one in 1725 to the present time. 

Julius H. Tuttle, of Dedham, gave an address on historical 
societies of the state, telling of the origin of the Massachusetts 
historical society, the oldest in the country, and of some other 
local societies, with a sketch of their work particularly that of 
the Dedham society, and closed with valuable suggestions as to 
the course of investigation which the Littleton society might 


pursue. Mr. Tuttle stated that Dedham annually prints a por- 
tion of the older town records with the town report of the cur- 
rent year and suggested that Littleton could do the same thing 
to advantage. 

Rev. William J. Cloues read a very bright paper on the 
Littleton Lyceum, relating many amusing incidents recorded of 
its meetings and showing that it is the oldest lyceum in the coun- 
try which has continued without a break. 

An obituary notice of Joel Proctor, an honorary member of 
the society and the first to die, was read by the president, the 
notice having been written by Edward Frost, now absent for the 
winter, who closed by presenting to the society, for Mr. Proc- 
tor's heirs, six ancient and valuable documents relating to the 
Russell family, his ancestors. One original paper bears date of 
1691. Also a silouette portait, subject unknown. 

A paper also prepared by Mr. Frost, on " What ought the 
town to do for the better preservation of its records," was 
omitted for the lack of time and will be read at another meeting. 

James F. Moore presented to the society the front door in 
two parts, of the house of Rev. Daniel Rogers, second minister 
of Littleton. These doors have in them the holes made by the 
bullets from a volley fired at Mr. Rogers in or about the year 1 775 , 
by a party of patriots who demanded that he come out and de- 
clare his political principles. He was a tory. 

Miss Augusta Nye presented to the society, through Rev. 
William J. Cloues, a book of sermons by Vice-President Willard 
of Harvard College, which was once the property of Rev. Benja- 
min Shattuck, first minister of Littleton, an ancestor of Miss 
Nye ; also a deed signed by John Porter, 1752, and other papers 
of much interest. 

Julius H. Tuttle presented a heliotype picture of a Rogers 
group, representing Rev. John Eliot preaching to the Indians 
and a book giving the exercises at Dedham school celebration. 


Beside the Davis collection, belonging to the society, and 

the show case and tavern sign from the library, many articles of 

historic interest were exhibited by the individuals, including the 

powder horn of Capt. Eleazer Melvin, dated 1754, a bugle said 

to have been captured in the sea fight between the " Hornet " 

and the " Peacock," and an Indian deed of half of what is now 

Littleton, dated 17 14. 

Herbert J. Harwood. 

June 17, 1895. — Littleton Historical Society. One of the 
objects of the out-door meeting of the historical society was to 
learn something of the location and the history of the " Indian 
Farm," so-called. This was a reservation of five hundred acres 
of land, made by the General Court in the act. of incorporation of 
Nashoba in 17 14, laid out at the southeasterly corner of the plan- 
tation to the descendants of the Indians, taking in parts of two 
ponds. By authority of the Legislature, given in 1735, Sarah 
Doublet, otherwise called Sarah Indian, relict of Thomas, sold 
this reservation to Elnathan and Ephraim Jones. The part of 
Littleton called Newtown, which probably derived its name from 
this reservation to the Indians, is mentioned in 17 16, in a deed 
to Edward Wheeler of " certain parcels of upland and meadow 
in Littleton, formerly Nashobah, at a place called the Indian 

The society met at the centre of the town, June 17, 1895, 
in the afternoon and drove to a point in Newtown, southeasterly 
of the house of John H. Kimball, where a clump of three small 
white oak trees* marks the northwest corner of the Indian farm. 
In 1 7 16, and later, this corner was marked by a white oak tree. 
The party then went to the intersection of the roads near the 
house of Elbridge Marshall, which marks the location of the 
first school-house in this part of the town. On the road leading 
from this spot by George H. Cash's place, the wall which marks 

♦This clump of trees has since been cut down. 


the northerly boundary line of the Indian farm was seen, it be- 
ing the northerly boundary of the Cash farm. A drive through 
Mr. Cash's yard into the woods brought the party to the north- 
east corner of the Indian farm, which is distinctly marked by 
the intersection of two walls, one bounding the Indian farm on 
the north, and the other bounding it on the east. The easterly 
boundary wall marks also the westerly line of the land which was 
once know as "Powers farm " or "Concord village." The Ac- 
ton line makes the southerly boundary line of the Indian farm. 

The next point visited was a cellar hole in the southerly 
part of the pasture of Solomon S. Flagg, between the house of 
George C. Durkee and Fort Pond. This is supposed to be the 
location of an Indian dwelling. The society then gathered 
near the shore of Fort Pond, at the westerly end of land of Ar- 
thur Drew, under a spreading pine tree, which has a trunk nine 
feet in circumference. Here William H. H. Tuttle, of Arling- 
ton, whose ancestors for five generations lived in Newtown, de- 
livered an address which was full of information concerning the 
old boundary lines of the Indian farm and the early settlers in 
that part of the town. It is through Mr. Tuttle's researches that 
the corners of the Indian farm can be now located. Herbert 
J. Harwood read a paper on the Indians, in which arguments favor- 
ing the location of the Indian fort on the hill-side between Fort 
Pond and Mr. Durkee's house, were given. George A. Dorsey in- 
structor in anthropology at Harvard university, delivered the 
last address, in which he commended the work of the society, 
speaking of the great value of historical research, and exhorting 
the members to continue their investigations to learn more of 
the history of the Indians who lived in and near our town. 

Frank B. Priest gave notice that Augustus Kendall 
Porter, of Leominster, had given to the society the original 
commission as Colonel to John Porter, signed by Governor Han- 


The society voted that the secretary acknowledge the re- 
ceipt of the above commission and of the following articles and 
express the thanks of the society to the donors : 

Six ancient and valuable documents relating to the Russell 
family, given by the heirs of Joel Proctor. The front doors of 
the house of Rev. Daniel Rogers, showing bullet holes, given 
by James F. Moore. A book of sermons by Vice-President 
Willard of Harvard College, once owned by Rev. Benjamin 
Shattuck, and other valuable papers given by Miss Augusta 
Nye. A picture of John Eliot preaching to the Indians, given 
by Julius H. Tuttle. 

Historical sketch of Littleton was given by Herbert J. Har- 

A General Catalogue of Lawrence Academy also a Finan- 
cial History of Lawrence Academy was given by George A. 

George A. Dorsey was made an honorary member of the 


George A. Sanderson, Secretary. 

September 2, 1895. — Meeting of the Littleton Historical 
Society was held in the old burying ground at Littleton Com- 
mon near the grave of the Rev. Daniel Rogers. Forty-five 
people were present. Herbert J. Harwood opened the meet- 
ing at three o'clock in the afternoon. After the Secretary's 
minutes were read and approved, notice was given that those 
eligible might become members of the society by signing the 
by-laws and paying one dollar, and that the annual dues would 
be payable at the next meeting. 

"The trees of Littleton " was the subject of a paper read 
by Frank B. Priest. A discussion of the subject followed. 

Edward Frost read a paper entitled " The Story of Our 
Great Elm." This tree formerly stood in the yard of the John 


Dix Warren place. Dr. Edward Y. White called attention to a 
poem cencerning this tree written by Mrs. Marian Dix Sullivan. 

George A. Sanderson read a paper on the epitaphs in the 
Old Burying Ground, giving a list of the deacons, professional 
and military men buried there. 

Edward Frost read a paper on "What ought the town 
to do for the better preservation of its records?" in which he 
recommended that an appropriation be made by the town. 

Herbert J. Harwood read two letters from John M. 
Currier, of Brandon, Vermont, Secretary of Rutland County 
Historical Society, on the meaning of the word "Nashoba." 
The original name of Brandon was Nashobe, probably so named 
by a man who came from Littleton. There is also a county in 
Mississippi named Nashoba. Trumbull's opinion as to its mean- 
ing was read. 

Also from History Worcester County, Lunenburg : 

" Hon. Josiah Stearns, another of our Revolutionary wor- 
thies, was the son of Thomas and Abigail (Reed) Stearns. He 
was born in Littleton, July 18, 1747, and removed to this town 
several years before the Revolution. He commanded a com- 
pany of minute-men and was a captain in the siege of Boston. 
He was a selectman fifteen years, treasurer nine years and a 
school committee, collector, and town clerk, as well as a deacon 
and a magistrate. 

He was a representative four years, and in 1792 he was 
chosen to the Senate- to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death 
of Hon. Abel Wilder, of Winchendon, and was subsequently 
elected. He was a member of the Governor's Council, 1797 to 
1799. He died April 7, 1822." 

The above is a brief record of the boy who was articled as 
a blacksmith's apprentice to John Merriam, in Littleton, in 


Gifts received since the last meeting and to be acknowl- 
edged, from Charles Stearns, of West Townsend, Mass. 

1. Photograph of Province tax notice to town of Littleton, 
1748, Thomas Stearns constable. 

2. Photograph of articles of apprenticeship, Josiah Stearns 
to John Merriam, to learn blacksmith's trade, 1765. 

3. Account book of Levi Stearns, 1799 to 181 1. 

4. Receipt of Lieut. Daniel Kimball for £4 from Thomas 
Stearns for hiring men for Rhode Island service, July 15, 1778. 

5. Letters of administration on estate of Samuel Stearns, 
of Lexington, granted to his widow, Phcebe Stearns, 1722. 

6. Deed, Amos Muzzey of Lexington, mariner, to Phcebe 
Stearns, one-half acre in Lexington near meeting house, 1727. 
(Never recorded.) 

7. Mortgage, Joseph and Sarah Gleason, of Sandisfield, 
Berkshire Co., Mass., to Thomas Stearns, of Littleton, March 1, 
1722, containing a peculiar provision that if Caleb Gleason, late 
of Bedford, brother of Joseph, of whom Thomas Stearns was 
guardian and who had been absent ten or eleven years and was 
supposed to be dead in Great Britain, should appear within fif- 
teen years, the £16, for which mortgage was given, should be 
paid with interest, if not, mortgage should be void. (Never re- 

8. Littleton Town rate list, 1748. 

9. Littleton County rate list, 1748. 

10. Littleton Province rate list, 1748. 

11. Littleton Constable's warrant to Mr. Thomas Stearns 
for collecting taxes, 1748. 

12. Littleton highway rate list for road from Acton line 
to house of Joseph Gilbert, thence to meeting-house, 1753. 

George A. Sanderson, Secretary. 

November 2, 1895. — Annual meeting of the society was 
held in the Selectmen's room at 7.30 o'clock p. m. A heavy 
rain was falling at the time, but sixteen persons attended the 


meeting. The Secretary's report was read and approved. The 
Treasurer's report to November i, 1895, showed receipts amount- 
ing to $35.60, and expenditures $15.18. Balance $20.42. Mem- 
bers active, 34, honorary, 4, total, 38. The President an- 
nounced the appointment by the executive committee of Miss 
Julia S. Conant, as historian of current events. He referred to 
the publication of the proceedings of the society which is being 
considered by the executive committee. 

Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows : 

President, Herbert J. Harwood, 

Vice-president, Frank B. Priest, 

Secretary and Treasurer, George A. Sanderson. 

Daniel C. Fletcher read a paper entitled "The War of 
the Rebellion," in which he referred to California just before 
the war and paid his tribute of praise to his commander in the 
war, General McClellan. Mr. Fletcher exhibited a pass issued 
to him during the war, and letters of interest from himself 
and brothers previous to and during the war. 

Miss Julia S. Conant read a history of current events, be- 
ginning with January 1895. She began the history with a state- 
ment of the area, population and occupation of the citizens, 
business enterprises, churches and other organizations in town, 
and continued by giving a narration of the important events in 
the town's history since January 1895. 

Frank B. Priest read two letters, the first written by 
Amos H. Knowlton, on the trees in the west part of the 
town; the second by Daniel C. Fletcher, on the trees near 
his home. 

Voted that the officers of the society procure, if possible, 
the marking of shade trees for their preservation. 

The following gifts to the society have been received since 
the last meeting : 

1. An old pocket-book bearing the name of Peter Wright. 


2. A deed, from the Proprietors' Committee to Moses Whit- 
ney, dated April 20, 1719, conveying the lots, first, eighty-eight 
acres and buildings, (possibly Edward Wesley's farm) ; second 
piece of land upon " reedy meadow plains between reedy 
meadow and Bever Brook," (possibly quarantine land) ; third, 
four acres of meadow in "Pine Tree Hill meadow, so called." 
(Frank A. Patch says that the hill back of his house was 
called "Pine Tree Hill" or "One Pine Tree Hill.") 

3. Bond in the sum of ,£50, Salmon Whitney to Moses 
Whitney for wintering cattle and horses, furnishing rye and oats 
and the privilege of the east end of Salmon Whitney's house, 
dated Nov. 8, 1746. 

4. A town paper giving a portion of highway rate and war- 
rant for collecting the same; date torn off, but from names on 
it, it must have been previous to June 25, 1792, the date of 
death of Capt. Joseph Harwood, and not earlier than 1763, when 
Joseph Harwood, jr., became of age. 

These papers, and the pocket book which contained them, 
were found in the old house of Frank A. Patch, in Box- 
borough, and were given to the society by Mr. Patch. 

Voted that the thanks of the society be sent to Mr. Patch 
for these gifts. 

The following persons were elected honorary members of 
the society : 

Clement S. Houghton, 

Miss Elizabeth G. Houghton, 

Julius H. Tuttle. 

George A. Sanderson, Secretary. 


DECEMBER 30, 1895. 

Herbert Joseph Harwood, A. B., 

Frank Bigelow Priest, 

Daniel Cooledge Fletcher, 

Alan Avery Claflin, 

Hon. George Webster Sanderson, 

Sarah Patten Conant, 

Ann Maria (Whitcomb) Hendley 

Sarah Foster White, 

Lucy Maria (Hartwell) Harwood, 

Charles Merriam Lawrence, 

Caroline Augusta (Whitcomb) Hosmer, 

Emelie Augusta (Green) Harwood, 

Edwin Hamilton Priest, 

Dr. Edward Young White, 

Frank Everett Tenney, 

Minna Eliot Tenney, 

Waldo Emery Conant, 

George Augustus Sanderson, A. B., L.L. B- 

Rev. Isaac Francis Porter, 

Edward Frost, A. B., 

Charles Frederick Johnson, 

Nellie May Houghton, 

Julia Sophia Conant, 

Albert Francis Conant, 

Lucy Ann (Metcalf) Phelps, 

Eliza Ellis (Williams) Porter, 

Mary Jones (Bigelow) Priest, 

Hon. Joseph Alfred Harwood, 

Peter Stevens Whitcomb, 

Edward Benson Bigelow, 

Isabelle Augusta (Evans) Tenney, 

Emily Kendall (Porter) Adams, 

Lizzie Cobleigh (Wright) Conant, 

Charles H. Conant, 

Lucy Maria (Goldsmith) (Houghton) Kimball. 


* Joel Proctor, *Rev. Thomas Treadwell Stone, D. D., 

Charles Stearns, George Amos Dorsey, Ph. D. 

Clement S. Houghton, Elizabeth G. Houghton, 

Julius Herbert Tuttle. 
* Deceased. 

Biographical blanks in the following form have been printed : 

i. Name in full (autograph) ? 

2. Date and Place of Birth ? 

3. Name of Father and maiden name of Mother, both in full, with dates ? 


4. What Schools attended, or what College ? 

5. Degrees or Honors, when and where conferred ? 

6. Occupation or Profession, when and where ? 

7. What Society Membership, Offices or Public Offices held ? 

8. What Literary work done, and dates of publication ? 

9. Military Services, with dates ? 

10. Married to whom, with full name, when and where ? 

11. Names of Children and dates of birth, to whom married and date ? 

12. Present Residence and Address, with date of filling this blank ? 

13. Please give, so far as you have the facts, names and dates of births 
marriages and deaths, of your brothers and sisters and of your ancestors ? 

The Garrison House at Nashoba. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, November 2, 1 894, by Frank 

Bigelow Priest. 

At our last meeting, Sept. 3, 1894, on the ground of what 
was once a part of Concord Village, we found that the interest 
of the members centered around the probable location of the 
first block house. 

We had then mainly the information given us by Mr. 
Charles Reed, together with extracts from the notes of Mr. 
Francis P. Knowlton and Rev. Edmund Foster's sermon. Since 
then we have obtained information as to its location, of indis- 
putable correctness. We have had on the ground, Mr. Amos 
Leighton, of Westford, and just one word here about Mr. Leighton. 

He was born in Westford, near where he now lives, in 
December 18 14. His father was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
War, having served the last ten months. His grandfather, 
with Col. Robinson, of Westford, went to Concord on the 19th 
of April, 1775, but the present Mr. Leighton is unable to state 
whether he took part in the fight or not. 

He says of these times, that his grandmother was about to 
take to the woods with her children, this 19th of April, when a 
second messenger, in the afternoon, reported that the British 
would not come further than Concord. 

Mr. Leighton's grandfather, Francis, lived on what is now 
the Murphy place, in the edge of Westford. At his death, the 
farm was carried on by one of his sons, uncle of Amos, and it 
was in his visits to this uncle that he saw the first block-house. 


We had on the ground with him, Mr. Francis Flagg, who 
was born in 1812. They came onto the ground separately, and 
without conferring with each other at all, located the house in 
a space, not two rods square. 

They had it about two rods directly in front of the place now 
occupied by Mrs. McElligott, and a little east of the well. 

There was a cooper shop stood where the house now stands 
and the barn stood on the other side of what was then the old 

Mr. Leighton says of the old house, that it was as he re- 
members, about a story and a half in height, consisting of two 
rooms on the ground floor, with a covered passage between, 
with a door opening into the middle of each room in the centre ; 
the passage way was about ten feet wide. 

Above, was a passage way connecting the two upper rooms 
or attics. He remembers very distinctly that the floor of this 
passage way above, was made of rough logs. He cannot re- 
member whether the whole structure was of logs or not, but it 
probably was. He has no recollection at all of any under 
ground passage. 

Mr. Flagg remembers when about ten years old, going to 
to this old house to see Mr. Samuel Reed, after he was laid 

Now going back to Mr. Foster's sermon, you will find that 
at the time it was written, the house was then occupied by this 
same Samuel Reed. 

Mr. Flagg remembers the passage way as running into the 
hill, at a point at or near where the present barn stands. 
He says, that at that time it had no connection with the house, 
although it might have been connected in the old days. 

It was covered with large flat stones and he thinks it was a 
place into which they could retreat if driven out by the Indians. 

The old block-house was destroyed about 1828, so that 


while we are indebted to Mr. Charles Reed, for bringing us very- 
near to this spot, we feel that the information from Mr. Leigh- 
ton and Mr. Flagg, takes us back one generation further, or to 
the times of Jefferson Reed, father of Charles, and from whom 
he got his information. 

For the benefit of those who were not with us on Sept. 
3rd, I would say that Mr. Reed's location varied from the 
others only by a little less than three rods, and what he had 
for the old cellar was more than likely the remains of an old- 
fashioned vegetable pit. The remains of what Mr. Reed said 
was the underground passage was evidently a ditch for conveying 
water from the stream above, as we find on the opposite bank, 
the same traces of a water way. 

Letter from Mr. Charles Stearns. 

Read at a meeting of the Society, September, 3, 1894. 

West Townsend, August 1894. 
Mr. Herbert J. Harwood, 

Sir : I read in the Townsend Tocsin, an article written by 
you about Historic Landmarks, and I learned that they have 
formed a historical society which is to visit Nashoba in a few days 
to look them over. I will mention one that is nearly extinct. 
I think there is visible evidence that will prove my statement. 
It is to show how they got the water to run the saw-mill. 
They built a dam on the John Kimball brook, near the first wall, 
about thirty rods west from the road, and from there they dug 
a ditch southerly, across Shaker lane on nearly a straight line 
to the next brook, which runs near by where one of the Powers 
houses stood (about forty rods west of Daley's house, formerly 
Ben Reed's house) and on the opposite side of the brook there 
stood a log barn until 1830. It stood about one-half in the lane 
and the other half in the lot, with the house, and on the west of 
the barn, a few rods from where it stood, you will find a valley 
that extends from the brook to the Pickard farm, and at the 
brook I think you will find evidence that there was a dam built 
there, and if they have not disturbed the ground you will see 
where the ditch was dug. I traced it across the lot that the 
brook is in, to the other side of the lot, and at that end it was 
within three or four rods of Mr. Marshall's land. It was then a 
pasture, and I could see a little valley nearly the whole length. 
A ditch was dug from this brook into Mr. Pickard's land to an- 
other brook, and the water ran from there into the brook that 


you cross before you get to Solomon Stillman Flagg's, and then to 
the mill. In the spring it made them a good supply. There were 
some boards in the old barn that Mr. Pickard took down when 
he built his new one, that were sawed in this mill ; they were 
pitch pine, about sixteen or eighteen inches wide. 

About the old Powers burying ground. It was on the east 
side of the hollow next the wall and I should say would be in- 
cluded in a piece extending eight rods from the wall and six 
rods wide. They were buried feet toward the wall, that is, the 
headstones were all on the end of the grave from the wall. 
Madison Reed and myself went among the graves and read all 
the inscriptions we could. I do not remember any of the 
inscriptions, but I think there were one or two stones that had 
the full name on them. The stones were about two feet out of 
the ground, and less, most all of them less, and sixteen or 
eighteen inches wide, and less. There might have been some- 
where from ten to twenty with stones. There were a number 
that had head and foot stones, and some that had only one. 
The graves were plain to be seen and I believe there were more 
without stones than with. I have an impression that there were 
two or three that resembled slate stone, the rest were common 
flat stone. I do not recollect seeing anywhere else any 
graves. Once after I had viewed the stones, I had a conversation 
with Samuel Smith about the burying ground. He told me two 
men by the name of Powers, from Boston, had been up, and he 
went with them to find the Powers burying ground, but it was 
all ploughed over and cultivated. He wanted to know if I knew 
where it was. I told him I did. He said the men thought they 
should come again and he wanted to know if I would go with 
them to show where it was. I told him I would, but they never 
came. He said they were very much disappointed and thought of 
prosecuting for its being destroyed. In one place there were 
three graves by the side of each other. If the town should 


ever want to fence the ground I feel very sure the location I 
have described is correcl. My conversation with Mr. Smith 
would naturally impress it more strongly on my mind. I re- 
collect talking with Uncle (Noah Stearns) about it. I think I 
must have been about twelve or thirteen years old. The road 
from John Kimball's brook used to go to the right to Shaker 
lane and came into it not many rods from the foot of the hill. 
There used to be a house in the lot on the south side of the lane. 
I forget whether it was west or north of a little pond hole there 
was there ; it was but a few rods from it either way. There were 
a number of apple trees in the lot. I think you will find a num- 
ber where it was. The road then followed the lane and turned 
to the right on the east side of Quagony Hill and went around 
the lot that George Vinal built his house on and came to where 
it crosses Ben Reed's brook and followed the brook until it got 
over what I call Flagg's brook and then went into the lot on the 
right and went by a house that Simeon Pro6tor owned and then 
went near Solomon Stillman Flagg's buildings and across the west 
end of three lots next to Mr. Flagg's farm and then turned and 
came out at the pond. The road, for a number of years after 
Nashoba was settled, my uncle told me, went from the brook on 
the north side of the Ben Reed house into the road near the bury- 
ing ground and down through a valley across the brook and 
through the woods to what used to be Wheeler's mill (a man by 
the name of Buttrick afterwards owned it). The milldam was 
the road, which went from there to Concord, over the old North 
Bridge. There were three or four farm houses on the road fifty 
years since. 

Please excuse me for troubling with so long a letter. 
Respectfully yours, 

Charles Stearns. 

John Eliot — The Apostle to the Indians. 

Read at a meeting of the Society, November 2, 1894, by Rev. 
Isaac Francis Porter. 

Let me anticipate my story in part, with that which is for 
us perhaps the chief point of interest. About 1646-7 Rev. 
John Eliot and a few other benevolent souls were busily occu- 
pied in establishing something like civilized communities of In- 
dians at Nonantum or what is now Newton, and at Neponset. 

While these efforts were in progress we are told that the 
attention of Eliot was called to another quarter. The doings at 
Nonantum had been reported among the Indians in other sec- 
tions, and had excited a good deal of interest. Tahattawan, a 
sachem near Concord, with some of his people went to Nonan- 
tum and heard Mr. Eliot preach. Whether Tahattawan received 
any religious impressions at this time we know not, but we learn 
that he was smitten with a desire to rise above the wild course 
of savage life, and to imitate English habits. Having learned 
that this project was secretly opposed by many of his people, he 
summoned his chief men around him and assured them that 
what the English were doing was for their good. " For " said 
he, " what have you gained, while you have lived under the 
power of the higher sachems, after the Indian fashion ? They 
only sought to get what they could from you, and exacted at 
their pleasure your kettles, your skins and your wampum ; but 
the English, you see, do no such things ; they seek only your 
welfare, and instead of taking from you, they give to you." The 
effect of the sachem's speech was to draw his people to this way 
of thinking. The result appeared in a body of twenty-nine 


" Conclusions and orders " which were estalished as rules of 
government and behavior. Some of these regulations related to 
moral points : forbidding drunkenness, lying, powowing and 
adultery, and enjoining humility, peaceful living, improvement 
of time, observance of the Sabbath, etc. Others were designed 
to promote neatness, order, and mutual respect in their daily 

It is said that these rules were generally well observed, and 
that most of the Indians set up morning and evening prayers in 
their families. 

In drawing up these regulations they had the assistance of 
the wisest Indians at Nonantum, and probably through them, of 
Mr. Eliot. They requested Capt. Willard, of Concord, to put 
them in writing, and to act as their recorder. They also desired 
the apostle Eliot to visit and preach to them, and wished to 
have a town granted to them near the English. Such an 
opportunity for usefulness in his own beloved way, Mr. Eliot 
would, of course, rejoice to improve. He visited the Concord 
Indians as often as his pressing duties would permit : he met 
their wants, and answered their inquiries with affection and good 

Spark's biography claims that land was granted to them 
according to their request, but Shattuck, the historian of Con- 
cord, doubts whether there was any definite grant of land to the 
Indians either at Concord or Nonantum, and thinks " they lived 
by suffrance on lands claimed by the English prior to their 
gathering at Natick." But after a delay of several years be- 
cause of strong opposition on the part of some of the Indians, 
an Indian town Nashobah — a name given to a territory lying 
partly in Littleton and partly in Boxboro' — was constituted. 
They had the institution of christian worship, and an Indian 
teacher, probably one trained by Eliot. 

The language of the Concord historian, about the Indians 


living on suffrance on lands claimed by the English, prior to 
their gathering at Natick, would seem to imply that this Indian 
town of Nashobah was of short continuance, and that the praying 
Indians, in the main, finally removed to Natick. The Indian 
town of Natick was organized about 165 1 by the Nonantum In- 
dians. How soon the Nashobah Indians joined them — if at all 
— I have no means of determining. Probably they did not move 
immediately upon the establishment of Natick, for they had 
hardly got Nashobah started. 

Although they instituted Christian worship at Nashobah, I 
do not understand that they had a regularly organized church. 
Eliot was slow about organizing churches. They had to be 
recognized by other churches before obtaining a right to be, and 
the churches made up of English people were disposed to 
scrutinize pretty closely as to the character of the Indian church 
they admitted to fellowship. 

At the most, the Indian town of Nashobah could only have 
had an existence of about twenty-five years, as King Philip's 
War well nigh destroyed all attempts to civilize and christianize 
the Indians of this region, and brought Eliot's work to almost 
complete ruin. 

But this record of final disaster in the great work of his life 
should not dim the lustre of John Eliot's career. In such a 
course it was far better to have spent one's strength in efforts 
that were apparently vain, than not to have made the effort. 

Shameful as is the record of the Englishman's dealings with 
the Indians, it would have been far more shameful without the 
work of which Eliot was the central figure. He outlined the 
work which still issues its imperative summons to the American 
people, and it matters not with how much of warrant faithless 
souls may assert that money spent upon attempts to civilize the 
Indians is money buried in the earth, still, if only as salve for 
the mighty rent in the national conscience which the Indian's 


wrongs have entailed, it were money well spent, even though it 
were ten times the amount already spent or likely to be spent. 

John Eliot's life would have elements of interest in it even 
though his Indian labors had had no existence. It would still 
have represented a busy conscientious life — fifty-eight years 
pastor of one of the leading churches of Massachusetts Col- 
ony. He could not have failed of labors equal to any ordinary 
man's strength and ability, even if his local pastorate had ap- 
pointed the bounds of his life work. 

John Eliot was born in 1604, in Nasing, Essex County, Eng- 
land — probably in November, it is said — so, it may be, we are call- 
ing him to mind at about the two hundred and ninetieth anni- 
versary of his birth. His parents were of such pious character 
and religious habits, that he could say — " My first years were 
seasoned with the fear of God, the Word and Prayer." He 
was educated at the University of Cambridge, where he was 
particularly proficient in the study of philology, which especially 
fitted him for his later labors in connection with the language 
of the Indians. On leaving college he became a teacher in a 
school established by the pious Hooker, who was afterward one 
of the leaders in the settlement of Hartford and other places in 
Connecticut. He was a member of Hooker's family, of which 
he says, " When 1 came to this beloved family, I then saw, and 
never before, the power of godliness in its lively vigor and effi- 
cacy." He determined to become a minister, but there was no 
place for a Puritan minister in England at that time. It was 
during the time of that terrible persecutor, Archbishop Laud, to 
escape which, Hooker was soon obliged to give up his school 
and flee to Holland. 

So Eliot set sail for this country and landed at Boston, 
November 3, 163 1. (Again we have hit almost an anniversary 
this eve). His intended wife followed him from England about 
a year later and they were married about the time of his final 


settlement at Roxbury. But previous to this and soon after 
landing in Boston he found employment as preacher for the 
First Church in Boston — their settled minister, a Mr. Wilson, 
being then in England. His preaching was so acceptable that 
the First Church would gladly have settled him as colleague to 
Mr. Wilson, but he had pledged himself to friends in England 
that he would become their pastor should they follow him to 
America. They came and settled at Roxbury, and Eliot became 
the minister of the First Parish, which is now of the Unitarian 
fellowship — the present pastor being the Rev. James DeNor- 

Becoming pastor of the Roxbury church in 1632, it was not 
till 1646 that he began active labors among the Indians ; but he 
had begun preparations for his work with the Indians, several 
years before. Mastering the language so as to address the In- 
dians in their native tongue, was no small undertaking. For 
this purpose he had an Indian interpreter — one Job Nenestan, 
in his family. His interest in the subject was heightened be- 
cause of his holding the theory that the Indians were descend- 
ants of the lost tribes of Isreal. This was quite a favorite 
speculation of those days among scholars. His first visit to the 
Indians at Nonantum for the purpose of holding a religious ser- 
vice was Oct. 28, 1646, and this he continued to do fortnightly. 
Soon after, he began preaching at Neponset, but apparently 
Nonantum was deemed the more hopeful field, perhaps, because 
Waban, the Indian chief there, was a more reliable character 
than the chief at Neponset. These visits and preachings were 
on week days for the most part, as his duties to the Roxbury 
church occupied his Sundays. 

At first, it is said, he did not venture to pray in the In- 
dian dialect, lest he might stumble and make blunders that 
would disturb the solemn effect, but he soon found that the 
Indians had started the idea that he thought God would not 


understand the Indian dialect ; so, to correct that idea, he 
henceforth prayed in the Indian tongue, and found the result 
far more satisfactory. 

This was only one of the many difficulties and misunder- 
standings he was obliged to meet and surmount. The Indians 
were far from being fools, and their questions which followed 
each preaching were calculated to tax the wits of the one who 
undertook to answer them. While most of the questions were 
put in an earnest vein, he sometimes had to deal with those that 
were rude and insolent ; thus, one half drunken fellow cried out, 
" Who made sack, Mr. Eliot, who made sack ? " 

For several years Eliot prosecuted his work at his own ex- 
pense mainly, and this must have been considerable, aside from 
his expenditures of time and for means of conveyance from 
point to point ; for he saw at once that preaching was but a 
small part of the work needed. 

The Indians needed to change their whole habit of life. 
So his problem was to teach them to construct better houses, 
use better facilities in cooking, cultivate the land, etc., and for 
these purposes tools and other appliances were necessary. 

Meanwhile, also, he had a number of Indian boys on his 
hands who sought to be educated in English fashion. He had 
some little assistance from the Colonial legislature and from in- 
dividuals, but it was very little considering the need. 

About 1649, a corporation was formed in England by act of 
Parliament, which was authorized to solicit funds for the further- 
ance of the work of christianizing the Indians. It was far from 
being a popular mission, but yet, a considerable sum was col- 
lected and a fund established, which I believe has existed from 
that day to this. It is mentioned that in 1662 Mr. Eliot's salary 
from this source was ^50. Aside from this, his work was 
helped by donations of tools, etc. 

During the years from 1650 to 1660 Mr. Eliot made trips to 


a place called Pawtucket on the Merrimac, to Nashaway now 
Lancaster, and as far west as Quabaug now Brookfield, also 
to Cape Cod ; but his chief interest centered in the Indian town 
of Natick, where the first regularly organized Indian church 
was established in 1661. 

In place of this catalogue of dry facts it would be more in- 
teresting could we rehearse some of the incidents attending his 
work, but a brief paper is the demand of the evening's program, 
and I must hurry on. 

The great assistance which Eliot received from England was 
in enabling him to print the Indian Bible, after he had per- 
formed the great labor of translating it. How great a task this 
was we cannot estimate. The Indian language had no affinity 
with anything with which he had been previously acquainted. 
It was like exploring a jungle single handed. But still it is re- 
markable, and a proof that the Indians were by no means in 
the lowest state of barbarism, the fact that their language was 
equal to the expression of scripture ideas. A noble work, nobly 
pursued, and yet, alas, doomed to defeat. 

King Philip's War broke out and the praying Indians were 
between two fires, distrusted on both sides, and plundered on 
both sides. Compelled often to take sides and then marked 
for sure destruction by the opposite side. Soon only the 
Natick Indians remained unscattered, and soon these were com- 
pelled to leave their homes and submit to imprisonment on 
Deer Island, where they endured so much hardship and ex- 
posure that death thinned them fast. 

Eliot was past seventy years of age, and though he exerted 
himself all that was possible in behalf of the poor Indians, it 
was largely in the face of a howling mob, so enraged against the 
Indians that they would listen to no appeals in their behalf, and 
met the friends of the Indians with insult. The good work 
was overthrown. 


It only remains to speak a few words of John Eliot's old age. 
He must have had a people worthy of him at Roxbury, for they 
seem to have sustained him loyally to the last ; telling him 
when he asked for a colleague and proposed to relinquish his 
salary since he could do no more work, that they would pay as 
long as they could see his face. 

A story of his benevolence is told. 

So well known was his propensity for giving, that his 
treasurer when paying him on one occasion a considerable sum, 
to make sure that he should give away none of it on his way 
home, tied the money into a handkerchief with a great number 
of knots. But on the way home the good pastor called upon a 
widow. When about to leave, his heart prompted him to make 
a donation, and he began to fumble at the knots in his handker- 
chief, but they would not untie, so he remarked, " The Lord 
must mean it all for you," and left the handkerchief and con- 
tents behind. 

His wife died three years before his own death, and stand- 
ing by her coffin he said to his people, " Here lies my dear, 
faithful, pious, prudent, prayerful wife. I shall go to her, but 
she shall not return to me." 

Littleton Land Marks in Proprietors' Deeds. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, November 2, 1894, 
by George Augustus Sanderson. 

The earliest recorded deed from the committee of the 
proprietors of Littleton is dated January 13, 17 16, the latest 
is dated August 1 1, 1760. All of these conveyances, excepting 
the last seven, were made before 1726. Jonathan Prescott, 
Joseph Buckley of Concord, Isaac Powers of Littleton, Eleazur 
Lawrence of Groton and Nathaniel Wilder of Lancaster were 
the grantors named in the earliest deeds, and were the first 
committee of the proprietors. 

The only way, which is referred to as a street, is "King 
street." Land bounding on this street was bought as follows: 
In 1 7 16, by Isaac Powers, mentioned above as proprietor (the 
third child of Walter Powers and Trial (Shepard) Powers,) who 
is said to have lived on the George Whitcomb place, next west- 
erly from the centre store; in 1 719 by Benjamin Shattuck, the 
first minister of Littleton who lived on the Eliza Hartwell place 
and owned land both sides of King street, the land on the north 
side running east to a tree near the burying place; in 1724 by 
Samuel Corey, whose house-lot was south of King street, and 
bounded on Chelmsford (now Westford) line and Powers farm; 
in 1 7 19 by Jonathan Prescott of Concord on the north side of 
King street and bounding on Chelmsford line; in 1725 by 
Jonathan Prescott, Jr., the lot on which he then dwelt on the 
south side of King street near the meeting-house; in 17 19 by 
William Barrett, on the north side of King street and bounding 


on Mr. Shattuck's land, and on the high-way that leads from 
King street to "Bever" brook. 

The other roads mentioned are the road that leads from 
King street to "Bever" brook, the Nashoba old road, the Groton 
road to Stow, and some highways not particularly described. 

Powers farm is referred to in the deed of Samuel Corey, 
above mentioned. His east line ran north on Walter Powers 
line and on Chelmsford line to King street. This reference 
gives us the northwest corner of Powers farm, then a part of 
Concord, and annexed to Littleton in 1725, and also the point 
where Concord, Chelmsford and Littleton then met. The 
deed to Jonathan Prescott, Jr., above mentioned, joins Corey 
on the south and bounds on Powers farm. Following the line 
of Powers farm towards the south, we come next to an eighty- 
acre lot conveyed to Paul Dudley of Boston, bounding north- 
east on Powers farm; then to an eighty-acre lot conveyed to 
John White of Boston, probably the Fletcher place, bounding 
northeast on Powers farm; then to the eighty-acre lot of 
Addington Davenport of Boston, probably the old Reuben 
Hoar place, bounding north on Powers farm. 

Benjamin Barron undoubtedly owned a lot between the 
Davenport lot and the lot next referred to, but his deed does not 
appear among the recorded conveyances from the proprietors. 

The next recorded deed from Proprietors bounding on 
Powers farm is that to Thomas Blanchard which bounds east 
on Powers farm and south on Indian land and begins at the 
northeast corner of Indian land. The Indian land here referred 
to was laid out soon after the town was incorporated, as a part 
of the act of incorporation. It consisted of five hundred acres 
in the southeast corner of the town and the east line of this 
Indian land bounded on Powers farm and was three hundred 
poles long. The northeast corner of Indian land was probably 
the northeast corner of the Walker farm now owned by George 



H. Cash. These bounding lots give the continuous line 
between Powers farm and Littleton, from the Chelmsford 
or Westford line at the north to the Acton (then Concord) line 
on the south. 

The meeting-house is mentioned in the deed dated 1 717 to 
Jacob Powers, who was the eighth child of Walter and Trial 
(Shepard) Powers, and lived on highway from King street to 
"Bever" brook, conveying forty-two acres bounding on Mr. 
Shattuck's land. The deeds to Davenport, Dudley and White, 
above mentioned, locate the land conveyed as being about one 
mile south of "the present meeting-house." 

The deed to Samuel Davis describes the house-lot as 
bounded easterly by highway that goes from Jonathan Hart- 
well's to the meeting-house. James Burbeen's lot bounded on 
Long pond, and on the highway leading from meeting-house in 
Littleton toward Concord. 

Samuel Corey's home-lot was east of the meeting-house, 
and Jonathan Prescott, Jr., bought a lot of one hundred and 
fifty-two acres near the meeting-house, and dwelt thereon in 

The title to Powers farm goes back to Lieut. Joseph 
Wheeler, of Concord, who received it by grant from the state, 
and conveyed it to Ralph Shepard. It contained six hun- 
dred and ten acres, and bounded northeast on the Chelms- 
ford line; southwest on Nashoba Township; and southeast upon 
a great pond called Nagog, and so lying in a triangle with the 
point of said triangle northwest. 

Walter Powers bought a part or all of this from Ralph 
Shepard and heirs of Isaac in 1666 and 1695. 

In 1724 Samuel Corey bought eight acres of land, which 
began at the northeast corner near the pound, and bounded 
north on the "Improvement," west on Mr. Shattuck's land, and 
east on a road. 


The hills mentioned in these deeds are the Great Pine Hill, 
in deed to John Buttock conveying land near the north line of 
the town. Rocky hill in deed to Samuel Davis; Rattlesnake 
hill in deed to Jacob Powers, describing two acres of meadow 
on the south side of this hill, and in deed (17 19) to John 
Thatcher; Brown hill, in deed to William Power, the first child 
of Walter. 

Isaac Powers and Benjamin Shattuck owned land in 
Turkey swamp. Isaac Powers and Samuel Corey owned a part 
of Little Rattlesnake meadow. Thomas Blanchard had land in 
a meadow called " Newton." A part of Samuel Corey's land 
was in Plain meadow. John Buttrick, Robert Robins and 
and James Harwood bought land in Sandy meadow. 

John Wheeler, Thomas Blanchard and Jonathan Prescott 
bought parts of Great Indian meadow. Reedy meadow was 
sold to John Wheeler, John Farr, Caleb Taylor, Samuel Davis, 
Moses Whitney, Samuel Dudley, Samuel Corey and Jonathan 
Prescott, Jr. 

Flaggy meadow was owned by Eleazur Lawrence and 
Robert Robins. Long meadow brook ran through land bought 
by Eleazur Lawrence; Fort Pond brook and Heathen meadow 
brook, through land of Jonathan Prescott, and "Bever" brook is 
mentioned in deeds to John Wheeler, Jeremiah Woods, Isaac 
Powers, Thomas Farr, Benjamin Shattuck, John Parlin, John 
Daby, Caleb Taylor, Robert Robins, Moses Whitney, Samuel 
Dudley, Samuel Corey, Jonathan Prescott, William Barrett and 
Peter Bulkley. 

The deeds to John Perham, William Powers, Eleazur Law- 
rence, William Barrett and James Harwood bounded on Groton 
line, and the deed to Robert Robins on the west line of the 

Samuel Dudley, Deacon John Merriam of Lexington, and 
James Burbeen of Woburn, bought land bounding on Long 


pond. The lots described in deeds to Paul Dudley, John 
White and Addington Davenport, bounded southwesterly on 
highway near Long pond. 

Samuel Dudley, Abel Prescott, Samuel Corey and Jonathan 
Prescott bought land on Fort pond. 

George Augustus Sanderson. 

An Incident of King Philip's War 
Connected with this Place. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, November 2, 1894, 
by Herbert Joseph Harwood. 

The war led by Philip, of Mount Hope, against the English 
was the most severe struggle of the Massachusetts and 
Plymouth Colonies, and one which imperiled their very exist- 
ence. Philip was a man of great ability and power, well worthy 
of the title of king, and had succeeded in uniting nearly all the 
various Indian tribes of southern New England against the 
English who, owing to a peace of about thirty years preceding, 
were none too well prepared for war. 

It broke out in June 1675, and at first was confined prin- 
cipally to Plymouth Colony. After various engagements during 
the summer and fall, the great Swamp Fight took place on 
December 19, in which, after hard fighting, the Indians were 
defeated and the stronghold of the Narragansetts captured. 
This was the turning point of the war, but, unfortunately, the 
success was not followed up. Philip and the Narragansetts 
retreated north into the Nipmuck country, now Worcester 
county, where the Nipmucks made common cause with them. 
The English forces pursued into the woods between Marl- 
borough and Brookfield whence, unfortunately, they returned 
to Boston, early in February, for supplies. This was a fatal 
blunder, as it left Philip's forces between the Connecticut river 
towns and those in the eastern part of the colony, in a position 


in which they could strike in either direction, an advantage of 
which the Indians were not slow to avail themselves, and a 
series of disasters followed. 

On February i, the Eames family were attacked in 
Framingham, and ten persons killed or carried captive by 
Netus, a Nipmuck chief, and his band. On February 10, 
Lancaster was burned, and about fifty people killed or captured, 
including Mrs. Rowlandson, and on February 12, the Shepard 
family living in what was then Concord Village, now a part of 
Littleton we call Nashoba, was attacked. At this time the 
Nashobah Indians, about forty-eight in all, of whom about 
twelve were men, had been removed from their home, and, 
according to orders of the Council dated November 19 and 
December 9, put under the care of John Hoar, of Concord, who 
lived, as Gookin says, "about the midst of the town and very 
nigh the town watch-house." 

Of the Shepard family, Ralph, at some time and perhaps as 
early as this, lived on the Pickard place. His son Isaac was 
married, had three children — Isaac, Mary and Samuel — and 
lived on the south side of Quagana hill, near and probably in 
the rear of Mr. Jeffrey's. Jacob Shepard was a younger son of 
Ralph and probably married. Abraham, probably the oldest 
son was married, and as his place was the Charles Houghton 
farm, now Mr. Brown's, he may have been living there then. 
Walter Powers had married Traill, daughter of Ralph Shepard, 
and as he had bought land of his father-in-law and taken posses- 
sion of it in 1666, he had, no doubt, built and was living in the 
garrison-house near by. 

Ralph Shepard came to this country in the "Abigail," from 
Stepney Parish, London, in 1635, at the age of twenty-nine, 
with his wife Thanklord, or Thankslord, aged twenty-three, and 
daughter Sarah, aged two. They probably first lived in Water- 
town, afterwards in Dedham, Weymouth, Rehoboth and Maiden, 


where he was a deacon in the church, before coming to this 
neighborhood where he bought, of Lieut. Joseph Wheeler, of 
Concord, six hundred and ten acres lying in the form of a 
triangle between the Indian plantation of Nashobah, and that 
part of Chelmsford which is now Westford. Nagog pond 
formed the base of the triangle, and the apex was two miles, one 
quarter and sixty rods north from the southwest end of Nagog 
pond, which would bring it to a point on the Westford line, on 
or near the Deacon Manning farm, but south of the road. 
The children of Ralph and Thanklord Shepard were : 

Sarah, born in England, 1633. 

Abraham, married January 2, 1673, Judith Philbrook. 
Isaac, born June 20, 1639; married 1667, Mary Smeadly. 
Triall, born in Weymouth, December 19, 1641 j married 

January 1, 1660, Walter Powers. 
Thankful, born February 10, 1650; married at Chelmsford, 

December 13, 1669, Peter Dill. 
Jacob, born June, 1653. 
(Perhaps) Ralph, who died January 26, 171 1-2, aged 56, 

at Dedham. 
(Perhaps) Daniel. 
Mary, born about 1660-1662. 

Neither Isaac or Jacob had education and signed their names 
with a mark. 

At the time of the attack by Indians, February 12, 1675-6, 
the ground was covered with snow; it had been so deep that 
snow shoes had been worn by an Indian spy, Job Kattenanit, 
who arrived in Cambridge February 9, from New Braintree, to 
warn Major Gookin of the attempt on Lancaster, and on 
February 1 1 more snow fell, as related by Mrs. Rowlandson. 

February 12, came on Saturday. Isaac and Jacob Shepard 
were threshing in their barn, which tradition places on the 
south side of the lane to Mr. Pickard's house and near the road. 


Mary, their sister, had been stationed on Quagana hill nearby 
to watch for Indians, and a tradition told me by Charles W. 
Reed, places her on a boulder on the southerly side of the hill 
near the top. While putting very little value on tradition as 
compared with records and contemporary writings, yet, I will 
say for this spot that it seems to me a very probable place for a 
person on the watch, as it would be sightly and at the same 
time easy to be brushed clear of snow, in order to sit or stand 
on its flattened top. It is probable the Indians approached 
from the northerly side of the hill and while Mary, who was a 
girl of about fifteen years, looked perhaps with longing eyes 
toward the house, or found it pleasanter to face the south, 
rushed up and caught her unawares. Amos Leighton, now 
seventy-nine years of age, gives a tradition to the effect that 
the chief of the band held Mary while the others made the 

Isaac and Jacob were killed, the house burned and Mary 
carried away captive. That only one house was burned as 
related in the "Old Indian Chronicle," compiled from tracts of 
the time, leads me to think that perhaps it and the garrison- 
house were the only ones then standing, and that the garrison 
was strong enough to resist the attack. It also occurs to me, 
that perhaps this fire accounts for the construction, at or near 
the garrison, of the underground shelter. It was nothing 
unusual in those days for several families to huddle together 
for safety in one house, and the two dwellings may easily be 
imagined to have held all the persons I have mentioned and 
perhaps others. 

Just where the Indians took Mary Shepard, or how long 
she was absent, I am unable to state. Traditions say that she 
escaped during the night of the same day, and reached home 
by early morning; also there is a tradition related by a lady 
who believes herself descended from Mary Shepard, Mrs. 


Adolphus Merriam, of South Framingham, to the effect that 
the horse on which she escaped was a mare belonging to the 
Shepards which was taken by the Indians leaving her colt 
behind, and that she came home rapidly to find her foal, and 
announced her arrival by a "whinny." Mr. Joel Proctor adds 
the tradition that the horse was a pacer. 

In this connection it may be interesting to mention a 
record of horseflesh, in the possession of the Shepards, which 
I found at the Registry of Deeds in East Cambridge, Vol. II, 
page 387. It is as follows : 

"July 2, 1674. Abram Shepard of Concord hath in his 
custody a stray mare abt. 7: years old, sorriel, Branded A on the 
ne'r (near) Buttock, a starr in her forehead." 

Was this the animal on which Mary Shepard made her 
escape? Unfortunately for this interesting story of the family 
mare, we have contemporary history of a trustworthy kind to 
disprove it. Hubbard in his "Narrative of the Indian Wars," 
written about a year after, says of Mary Shepard that she 
"strangely escaped away upon a horse that the Indians had 
taken from Lancaster a little before." This would indicate 
that her captors were among those who attacked and burned 
Lancaster February 10. Hubbard also says that it was probably 
Netus and his band who attacked the Shepard family, and 
there is nothing inconsistent in the two suppositions, but I will 
speak of Netus later. 

Mr. Foster says : "Tradition says that this girl was carried 
by the savages to Nashawa, now called Lancaster, or to some 
place in the neighborhood of it." To me it seems certain that 
she was carried beyond Lancaster, because the notes of Samuel 
Gardner Drake to the "Old Indian Chronicle" say that Mary 
Shepard was the girl who escaped and gave intelligence to 
Capt. Mosley that the Indians were in three towns beyond 


Quoboge, (also spelled Quabaug,) that is Brookfield. The 
•'Chronicle" says: 

" Upon this the Governor of Massachusetts sent out about 
Five hundred or Six hundred Men under the Conduct of Major 
Thomas Savadge and Captain Mosely as next in Command to 
him, who having Intelligence by a girl that had made her 
Escape that the Indians were in three Towns beyond Quoboge, 
marched thither, whence they joined Major Treat with the 
Connecticut Forces; but the Enemy were fled: only skulkingly 
out of the Woods, they shot one of Capt. Mosely's Men and 
wounded one or two more. But their main Body being closely 
pursued despersed and ran into Woods and Swamps, so that it 
was impossible for our Men to come up with them and there- 
fore marched away for Hadley and Northampton," etc. 

This agrees with Mrs. Rowlandson's account of the con- 
sternation of the Indians and their hurrying her away in an 
unexpected direction, soon after which she learned that the 
troops nearly overtook them. As Mary Shepard was no doubt 
carried beyond Lancaster, it is possible that the tradition of the 
mare and foal is true to the extent that the colt was left in 
Lancaster and the mare hurried back there to it, or possibly 
the colt followed to the Shepard's and was left there. 

Mr. Foster continues in relating the tradition, "That in 
the dead of night She took a saddle from under the head of her 
Indian keeper when sunk in Sleep increased by the fumes of 
ardent Spirit, put the Saddle on a horse, mounted on him, 
swam him across Nashawa river, and so escaped the hands of 
her captors and arrived safe to her relatives and friends." Mrs. 
Rowlandson says, however, that the only time during her 
captivity when she saw any intoxication was just before her 
release, when John Hoar had given her master some liquor as 
part of the ransom and he got drunk on it. 

Amos Leighton has the tradition that the saddle was under 


Mary Shepard's own head, the chief having given it to her for a 
pillow, and a blanket to cover her. However the saddle may 
have been placed, she escaped, and Netus, if he were her 
captor, must be credited with killing one less person than he 
might. His career of butchery was soon brought to an end by 
a death similar to those he had caused, for in the very next 
month, on March 27, at Marlborough he was killed by a party 
of English under command of Lieut. Jacobs and his wife was 
sold. Another of his band, Annecoeken, was dead before the 
close of summer. Others are mentioned in a warrant for their 
arrest issued by Thomas Danforth, Magistrate, August 11, as 
follows: "Joshua Assatt, John Dublet Son-in-law to Jacob, 
William Jackstraw and two of his sons, the name of the one 
Joseph, also Jackstraw's wife, all of them late of Moguncog 

Three of them, William Wanuckhow, alias Jackstraw, and 
his two sons, Joseph and John, were examined by Mr. Danforth 
August 14, and confessed the Eames murders also accusing 
two others, Joshua Assatt, alias Pakananunquis, then serving 
under Capt. Hunting of the English force at Marlborough, and 
Awassaquah who was sick "at the Ponds." The three were 
committed to prison and Joseph was indicted, with probably 
the others who were tried September 18. 

Barry's History of Framingham, from which I have taken 
these facts about Netus' band, says further: "How many of 
their accomplices, if any, were afterward brought to justice 
does not appear. Gookin states that 'three were executed 
about Thos. Eames his burning.' The execution took place 
September 21. ' Two of the murderers ' according to the petition 
of the Eames Sons, 'Old Jacob a chief man sometime at 
Natick, and Joshua Assunt returned and were pardoned and 
lived at Natick many years after.' " Danforth's notes of the 
Examination mention also "Accompanatt alias James Philip," 


" Apumatquin alias John," "Pumapene of Quabaug and his 

sonne about 40 years old," and " (?) of Nashaway (absent) ye 

wife of Aquetokush, and is sold already." These were perhaps 
also members of Netus' gang, though not Mogoncocke Indians. 
"Apumatquin alias John," was no doubt the same John who 
was son of Wanuckhow, alias Jackstraw, and probably one of 
the three executed. 

Notice that Awassaquah was said to be sick " at the Ponds." 
There is nothing to indicate that Justice Danforth understood 
what place was meant by "at the Ponds," but it is somewhat 
like the meaning of the Indian word Nashobah, and it may 
be that he was in hiding at this place, probably occupying 
one of the vacant dwellings of the Nashobah Indians, who by 
that time were in captivity on Deer Island in Boston harbor, 
whence they were forcibly removed by Capt. Mosley from John 
Hoar's keeping, and very few ever returned to Nashobah. 

Thus we see that King Philip's war, in which the Shepard 
family suffered, also fell heavily on the settlement of praying 
Indians of this place, and caused the plantation to be practically 
deserted by them, thereby opening the way for the entry of 
white people which followed soon after. 

Herbert Joseph Harwood. 

The Error on the Shattuck Monument. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, November 2, 1 894, 
by Edward Frost. 

Dates and References to Public Records Verified 
by the Committee. 

The monmment erected, some forty years since, in the old 
burying ground of the Town of Littleton to the memory of its 
first settled minister, the Rev. Benjamin Shattuck, bears an 
inscription, giving as his birth-date May 15, 1684, stating that 
his death occurred in 1763, giving his age, presumably by com- 
putation from the above, as seventy-nine, and describing him as 
son of Dr. Philip Shattuck, of Watertown. 

The late Samuel Smith, of this place, whose assiduity and 
habitual accuracy in matters of antiquarian interest are well 
known, some years since remarked to the present writer that 
there was a very serious inaccuracy in this inscription; and 
gave certain particulars, which I made note of at the time, but 
have never brought forward until now, affording a clear idea of 
the way in which the error in the inscription may be presumed 
to have occurred. 

He referred, amongst other sources of information, to the 
Shattuck Memorials, pp. 89-90.* 

Well-known facts as to Rev. Benjamin Shattuck are briefly 
these: He was ordained (first) minister of Littleton, December 
25, 1 717. The connection was dissolved August 24, 1730; 
though his salary was continued till May 15, of the following 
year; and he continued to reside in this town until his death, 
which, as the inscription states, probably occurred in 1763. 

"I believe he was the son," said Mr. Smith, "of William 


Shattuck, and was born in Watertown, July 30, 1687, (not as 
the monument has it, May 15, 1684, and son of Dr. Philip 
Shattuck). His date of birth, his parentage, and his age at 
decease are, therefore, wrongly inscribed." 

The inscription was not supplied by his contemporaries, 
but was made out three-fourths of a century after his decease. 

And here a misapprehension seems to have occurred. A 
certain other Benjamin Shattuck, who, as we understand, 
resided, not in Littleton, but in Cambridge, was mistakenly 
supposed identical with our Rev. Benjamin Shattuck. So the 
birth-date and parentage of the Cambridge Benjamin were 
attributed to his clerical namesake; although not transferred to 
him with absolute accuracy; as Benjamin, son of Philip, pre- 
sumably afterwards of Cambridge, was born in Watertown March 
15, 1684. The monument reads May 15, 1684. 

That our Benjamin Shattuck was of Watertown parentage 

and the son of William, is shown by the record, fol. 423, lib. 33, 

in Middlesex Registry, of a conveyance by "Benjamin Shattuck 

of Littleton, clerk, et als.," (other heirs) of land in Watertown, 

December 18, 1732. 

Edward Frost. 

*Shattuck Memorials. — Foot Note on Page 00, Referring to Error 

on Tomb Stone. 

" A tradition has prevailed that Philip Shattuck was the father of 
Rev. Benjamin Shattuck, as stated in this inscription, but evidence 
has recently been discovered which proves a different relationship. 

"The Worcester Registry of Deeds, Vol. XXXV, p. 439, contains 
a conveyance, dated January 12, 1748, of a lot of land in 'Naragansett 
township, No. 2," (Westminster) to Abner Holdin, from 'Benjamin 
Shattuck of Littleton,' belonging to the 'heirs and Descents of my 
Honored Father, Mr. William Shattuck, late of Watertown, Deceased.' 
And from old papers in the possession of the late David Kendall of 
Waltham, it appears that his real estate descended to him from 
Philip Shattuck through his son Benjamin Shattuck, and grandson 
Josiah Shattuck. These facts prove that Benjamin the son of Philip 
resided in Cambridge, and that Benjamin the son of William was the 
minister of Littleton. See also the conveyance of the heirs of 
William Shattuck to William Greenleaf." Middlesex Deeds Vol. 
XXXIII, p. 423. 

History of Littleton Schools. 

Read at a meeting of the Society, February 22, 1895, 
by Albert Francis Conant. 

No one with the least patriotism can study the early history 
of our country, and especially of the colony of Massachusetts 
Bay, without feelings of intense interest and pride, not only for 
the courage, fortitude and persistent effort displayed, but far 
more for their stern loyalty to truth as they saw it, their love of 
knowledge and the spirit of reverence, devotion and self-sacrifice 
which characterized them ; for their independence and foresight 
in the establishment, from the earliest dates, of the principles 
of self-control, self-taxation and self-government. It took such 
men as our forefathers were to conceive, establish and develop 
such a system of free public instruction as ours — a thing hither- 
to unknown in history. They could get out of the ruts of past 
customs and habits. They had broken away from home and 
country for conscience sake. They were largely dissenters from 
the church of England and earlier, their ancestors had separated 
from the church of Rome. They were independent in thought and 
action. " What of English precedents and customs they could 
use they did, what they could not they dropped. What new ones 
they needed they supplied. They insisted on universal educa- 
tion, not for the church's sake, but for the child's sake and the 
sake of the common weal." 

John Boyle O'Reilly, in his matchless poem on the Pil- 
grims, says, 


" They could not live by king-made codes and creeds, 
They chose the path where every footstep bleeds. 
Protesting, not rebelling, scorned and banned, 
Through pains and prisons harried from the land." 

The colony of Massachusetts Bay received its royal 
charter from Charles the First in 1628, eight years after the 
landing of the Pilgrims, and among its early acts, was a law 
making it obligatory on parents and guardians to educate their 
children and apprentices. In the earliest days each family 
taught its own children. The earliest free public school in the 
colony was in Boston, in 1635, when it was agreed " that brother 
Philimon Purmont shall be entreated to become schoolmaster 
for the teaching and nurturing of the children among us." The 
town of Dedham claims the honor of having established 
the first free school at public expense in the colony and in the 
world in 1644, and has recently celebrated its 250th anniversary, 
but it was nine years later than the above quotation. The 
Boston Advertiser, some two months ago, speaking of the event, 
says, " For the first time in the history of the world, the people 
were compelled, by law, to maintain schools for the education of 
all the children. Massachusetts therefore, has the majestic dis- 
tinction of originating the free public school. But the benefits 
have not been confined to New England. Out of the little 
clearings of eastern Massachusetts this system of free schools 
has spread over the broad domain of the American Union." 

A few years later, 1647, tne colony provided for the sup- 
port of schools at public expense in reading and writing in all 
settlements of fifty families or more. 

Upon the ascension of William and Mary to the throne of 
England, these rulers granted a charter, 1691, whereby the 
" Colony of Massachusetts Bay " became the " Province of 
Massachusetts Bay." The earlier laws of the colonists however 
were confirmed by the governor of the province and the council. 


In 1 714, the settlement here was known under the name of 
Nashoba, but the following year the town was named Littleton. 
It was only a provincial town, a part of the province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, and was at this date subje6t to the will and con- 
trol of George the First, who had just been proclaimed king at 
London. At that time he was a general in the German army, 
was born in Germany and could not speak English ; but the 
little settlement here, in common with the others in the prov- 
ince, was largely self-governed and the spirit of freedom pre- 

We have preserved to us the earliest records of the town, 
nearly two hundred years old. In these we have the accounts 
of all that was done and all that was proposed, at all the " meet- 
ings of the freeholders " in those early days and in the quaint 
and peculiar language of the times. March 31, 1725, the young 
town " voted that the selectmen do provide a schoolmaster and 
do agree with him." The school was kept probably only six or 
eight weeks and in some private house, of the location of 
which no mention is made. He was paid at the end of the fol- 
lowing year. His receipt reads, 

"December 19, 1726. 

Received of Jeremiah Wood, Town Treasurer the full sum of 7 
lbs. 4 shillings in full for my keeping school in the year 1725. 

(Signed) Moses Foster." 

Some evidently felt that the school had not been impartial- 
ly located, for next year, Jan. 17, 1726, a special meeting was 
called and it was voted " that there should be a schoolmaster." 
A committee was chosen, namely, Dea. Taylor, Jonathan Law- 
rence, and Matthew Powers. They were "to hire a school- 
master for said town, and they with the selectmen of the town 
are to judge where the school shall be kept." Again the follow- 
ing year the " 4th Particular " reads " To see if the town will 
build a schoolhouse or not." It was not carried, but it was 


" voted that the town do have a school for half a year and to be 
a moving school and to move three times in ye said town where 
it will be most convenient." They chose a committee of three 
" to hire a schoolmaster for ye six months and so order where ye 
said schoolmaster do keep ye said school and to begin ye said 
school as soon as may be and to move three times after first 
settling of ye same three places." 

At this date, fifty years before the Revolution, the town 
records give accounts principally of building " ways," blazing 
bridle paths and voting and collecting ministers' rates and the 
school tax and repairing the " grate bridge " over Beaver Brook. 
In 1724, twenty pounds (less than $100) was raised for town 
charges. Seven pounds for school. The town then bordered 
on Concord, (which included what is now Acton,) for a long dis- 
tance, from the " south side of Nagog pond to Stow Corner," 
being a short distance south of Boxboro' Centre, and the school, 
even if moved three times, would still leave long distances for 
most scholars to walk. Wolves and wild cats abounded in these 
forests then and the red man was not always to be trusted. In 
1728, no record of a school. In 1729, again the question of a 
schoolhouse was voted down, but it was "voted, that the town 
will hire a schoolmaster that belongs to said town." Early 
instance of home protection. The names of the teachers who 
taught the first forty years are as follows : 
Moses Foster, Samuel Gardner, Stephen Minott, 

John Powers, Joseph Baker, Phillips Payson, 

William Stephens, Samuel French, Willard Wheeler, 

Benjamin Shattuck, William Sargent, Samuel Payson, 

William Farr, David Barnes, William Russell. 

From 1729 until 1732, there is no record of a school being 
kept. The all-absorbing topic during this period was the 
" Gospel Ministry." Daniel Rogers had been hired by the town 
and ordained in place of Benjamin Shattuck in the early part of 


the year. (The separation of church and state had not taken 
place.) As autumn approached, the settlers began to consider 
the project of a winter school. Perhaps the new minister was 
an influence in that direction, at all events, August 21, 1832, we 
find, " Voted to hire a schoolmaster to keep school four months 
and to begin as soon as may be and to be seated in one place 
for four months." All along these years similar votes were 
passed, sometimes a " moving school " in three or more places, 
sometimes only in the centre. This was one hundred and sixty 
years ago. No schoolhouse had been built. The scholars were 
gathered into private houses here and there. The first instance 
of the division of school money was in 1749. u Voted to give 
liberty to sundry of the inhabitants of Littleton, that live in the 
South part of the town to draw of the treasurer, that part of 
the money which shall be their proportion to pay to the school, 
for the year ensuing and lay it out for schooling as they shall 
see cause." Previous to this time and for nearly one hundred 
years after this date, the doings of the town are only in the 
hand writing of the clerk. The printed reports in pamphlet 
form, or on single sheets, began within the memory of many 

The records of this date were in the hand writing of Joseph 
Baker and had been for nearly forty years. Joseph Harwood's 
name appears as the next town clerk. Twenty-five years before 
the war of the Revolution this is recorded, "Voted that ye 
school shall move this year into several parts of the town and 
that a committee be chosen to state the places where ye school 
shall be kept and how many places said school shall be kept in 
to do justice to all parts." The salary of the schoolmaster was 
#2.50 per week and board. Yet this was high compared with 
the price of labor in other departments. Road builders re- 
ceived forty-five cents per day in hay time, and thirty-three cents 
the rest of the year, and provisions and clothing were higher 


then than now. March 1772, " Proposed to the town to see if 
they would supply the town with school-houses proper allow- 
ance being made to the present proprietors of the school- 
houses." The quotations are verbatim. Individuals had fitted 
up rooms in different parts of the town in which the scholars 
could be taught. 

Many amusing articles appear all along. One voter who 
could not have been up with the times on the question of 
female education, thought that " to teach girls the back part of 
the arithmetic was a misappropriation of public funds." It 
sounds like a play upon words, but was evidently given in all 
seriousness. The question of woman's sphere was in the minds 
of men then as now. When shall we reach the age when the 
limitation of man's sphere shall be up for discussion ? The day 
will come when the only question of the limitation of anyone's 
sphere will be that of fitness. 

We now approach the most eventful and interesting epoch 
in the history of the town, the time just preceding and during 
the war of the Revolution. The colonists here were among 
the foremost to remonstrate against and to resist the encroach- 
ments of George the Third upon their charter rights, but amid 
all the excitement and anxiety attendant upon that awful strug- 
gle for freedom, we find year by year the vote for school 
money. Even in those darkest days, when hope was almost 
gone, when the continental money had so depreciated that the 
town " paid five pounds (nearly $25) to Joseph Harwood for one 
bushel of corn for a soldier's family," and " paid Lieut. Samuel 
Reed 772 pounds (over $3000 in continental money) for his 
horse for the army " and over $50,000 was paid for beef in a 
single year in this single settlement, and similar accounts for 
pork, rye, blankets and stockings, yet there is no break in the 
regularity of the school. 

We read, " May 14, 1781, Paid Asa Piper 336 pounds for 


keeping school and board," again in October same year, " Paid 
Thomas Wheeler three pounds, twelve shillings hard money for 
keeping school in the middle of the town." The latter term of 
school cost $15 in coin, the former term cost #1500 in scrip. 

In 1784 "voted that the selectmen provide a schoolmaster and 
each quarter to have their equal proportion of said Master." 
Sometimes the school money was divided into four equal parts, 
and each " quarter " provided schooling for itself. 

Near the close of the last century the town built four 
school-houses in the four quarters of the town, at a cost of 
about $300 each, and they were designated as the North, South, 
East and West school-houses. These were the first school 
buildings erected at the town's expense. For nearly a century 
the people had taxed themselves to pay the teacher, but private 
individuals furnished the rooms, often in their own homes, and 
usually free of cost, the wood being brought by the parents. 
The location of these school-houses occasioned intense discus- 
sion. The following votes were passed in rapid succession be- 
fore they were built. October 1795, M Voted to have five school- 
houses for the use of the town " and stated the location of each. 
April 19, 1796, "Voted not to build schoolhouses." May 9, 
" Voted to reconsider " and to build four school-houses, and 
granted $280 each, ($1120). November, "Reconsidered the 
vote to divide the school money into four equal parts," and 
"voted to divide it into five equal parts." Next meeting, 
" Voted to dismiss the article concerning building school- 
houses," but the article appeared again and they " Voted to ad- 
journ the matter until May." In May, "Voted to build three 
school-houses." June, "Voted to reconsider" and to build four 
school-houses and choose a committee for each, and four were 
built during the years 1796 and '97. They were located as fol- 
lows : North near Charles Watts's, South on Liberty Square, 
the common opposite the late Henry T. Taylor's house (where 


David Hall now lives), East near Elbridge Marshall's at the 
corner of the road leading to George Cash's and West on the 
now discontinued road leading from near the John Sanderson 
house to William B. Eastman's. 

Capt. Joseph Harwood, School Committee for building South School 

Col. John Porter, School Committee for building West School House. 
Capt. Francis Kidder, School Committee for building North School 

William Prentice, School Committee for building East School 


The South district was a somewhat turbulent section of 
the town before and even after a part seceded to form Boxboro'. 
The school-house was located in six different places in a period 
of one hundred years. First as above stated on Liberty Square, 
near the Henry T. Taylor place, then moved on sleds across lots 
and located between the Joseph A. Priest house and the rail- 
road, then in 1822 sledded to the third location about half way 
back to the Frank Ford place, fourth the town built the brick 
school-house at Priest's crossing close to the track on the West 
side where the road now turns towards Samuel Sargent's. 
Soon after the Fitchburg Railroad was constructed, a wooden 
building, the fifth, was erected near Ford's brook, partly at the 
railroad company's expense. About 1870, this one was sold 
to Charles P. Hartwell, and moved away in sections, and the 
sixth and present one was built at a cost of $2700. 

As late as 1809, there seems to have been no school-house 
in the center of the town, for we find this entry, " Use of Ira 
Roger's Hall for middle district $7.67." The scholars at the 
Common went part to the North, and part to the East schools. 
The names of the teachers who taught a hundred years ago 
sound familiar : 


James Green, Samuel Farrar, John Kimball, 

Augustus Kimball, Richard King, Porter Tuttle, 

William Muzzy, Cyrus Hamlin, Hannabal Hamlin, 

Isaac Flagg. 

The term "district" was first used to designate a school sec- 
tion, in 1798. Regular summer schools began to be taught early 
in this century, and the usual price paid the schoolmistress was 
#1.25 per week, board $1.00 more. Schoolmasters then received 
five to six dollars per week for the winter term, a summer and 
winter term being taught. 

The names of the young women who first taught in Little- 
ton are : 

Betsey Tuttle, Sally Whitcomb, Sophia Tuttle, 

Mary Kidder, Anna Hartwell, Betsey Robbins, 

Mary Jewett, Rebecca Warren. 

Singing schools have occasionally been taught at the town's 
expense for the past one hundred years. In 1822, several 
changes in the location of school buildings were made, for the 
town paid Nathan Hartwell and Jonathan Wood $95 for mov- 
ing them. About 1832, all the school-houses, except at the 
Common, were rebuilt at a cost of over $400 each, and built 
of brick "so they could not be moved." They were six in 
number, not including the wooden one that stood just in the rear 
of the Baptist church at the Common, which was not rebuilt, 
that being the only one that ever stood in that village. 

The North and West school-houses were built not far from 
the location of present school-houses. The South, as stated, 
just west of Priest's crossing, East, near Allen W. Kimball's and 
the Center, near the town hall, and Newtown at the foot of the 
hill near and opposite Mr. McKinley's. The amount of money 
raised yearly in the early part of the last century was about 
seven pounds, equal to $35, for schools; middle of last 


century about #200, yearly; first of this century about 
#500, a year; middle of present century about $1000, a 
year, and for the last few years our schools have cost $3500 
to $4000, yearly. In 1867, after a long and exciting struggle, 
the Center and Common united and the town built the first 
graded school-house at a cost of about #6000. Then followed 
the building of five other school-houses as now located at a cost 
of about $3000 each, so soon to be abandoned and sacrificed. 
The few who realized that the coming school was the graded 
school were then but a small minority. 

The first agitation about a High School began in 1850. In 
1853, the school committee recommended it in their annual 
report. Occasionally a fall term for advanced scholars was 
taught in the brick school-house close by the present town hall. 
Then followed the establishment of the High School in connec- 
tion with the Grammar School, both schools occupying the 
same room, the assistant teaching the Grammar School classes 
in the little nine by twelve recitation room adjoining. 

Six years ago an additional room was built on the West 
school-house, thus establishing a second graded school in town. 
The same year were built the two rooms now occupied by the 
High School, thus enabling the High School to have separate 
rooms from the Grammar. Until recently the number of schol- 
ars has varied but little for nearly two hundred years. During 
the past five years there has been an increase, and that increase 
has been entirely in the East and West villages, principally in 
the East or Old Common. 

Time will only permit to trace in few words the gradual in- 
crease in the number and range of studies pursued and the 
changes and improvements in the methods of instruction and 
supervision during the past two hundred years. Our earliest 
schools required only reading and writing to be taught. 

Just before the building of our first school-houses, a great 


impulse was given to education here and in many surrounding 
towns. The war of the Revolution was over. Prosperity fol- 
lowed. The United States was an established government. 
The state had passed a law that in addition to reading and writ- 
ing, " instruction be given in orthography,. arithmetic and decent 

It should be noticed that, in all the laws enacted, they 
were not originated by the law makers but were the embodi- 
ment of practices which had already become popular. 

For many years the minister alone looked after the schools ; 
later we find the doctor associated with him, and still later on 
sometimes non-professional men. Once only in our history has 
a lady officiated as superintendent of schools, namely Miss 
Hannah P. Dodge, who was elected in 1880 and 1881. 

In 1827, the school district was made the unit for all school 
purposes, but the law was abolished about twenty-five years ago. 
It was the cause of much jealousy and waste of money here and 
elsewhere. It was about the date, 1827, that geography began 
to be taught here as a regular study. 

Even " Harvard College did not require ancient and 
modern geography as a condition of admission until 1816." 
The qualification most requisite in a schoolmaster seventy years 
ago, was a strong physique and the power to govern. 

Universal lawlessness, perhaps, was to be expected of the 
sons of the early settlers who, all their lives, had to fight the 
forces of nature in this new world. The pendulum of freedom 
often swings too far, even now, in the lives of later arrivals 
from the despotisms of Europe. They are like caged and re- 
strained animals let loose. They have to get used to freedom. 

Statistics show that in 1837, over three hundred Massachu- 
setts schools were broken up by insubordination of pupils or 
the inability of teachers to cope with them. A common ex- 
pression among the old people in my young days, in reference 


to a new schoolmaster was, " Do you think he can handle the 
scholars ? " On the other hand, the first qualification of the 
school mistress was gentle manners and winsome ways. What 
a restraint to wild young boyhood were those summer schools 
of half a century ago ! "Often there came into the lives of the 
youngest pupils, a personal influence, strong and lasting," 
Many boys of those days have reverenced womanhood through 
all their lives for it. Never will fade the impressions received 
in my own early life, at the South district summer school, 
when Miss Josephine Hartwell, now Mrs. Edward Fletcher, 
taught there. About 1830, the study of the spelling book be- 
came almost a craze. It was the marvel of my young days to 
witness the spelling matches of the old people. They could 
spell anything in the spelling book or dictionary. Then fol- 
lowed the years when mathematics received great attention. 
Many a pupil in the old district school was farther advanced in 
that study than is now required in the High School. Miss 
Hannah P. Dodge was the first woman who taught a winter 
term in Littleton ; then followed Mrs. George Stevens, and 
third Mrs. James A. Parker. 

Only those who lived then can know of the rapid develop- 
ment of the older boys in school, in refinement of character and 
manners and in general deportment. To the women of that 
period are largely due the improvements in school management, 
in methods of discipline, and modes of correction. Women are 
needed today, in our colleges, in the professor's chair and as 
students, to quell the wild excesses, hazing and rushes, and the 
indecency and brutality of many initiation ceremonies of college 
clubs. Woman is needed in our halls of legislation and in 
our courts, in the interests of justice, mercy and purity. 
She is needed everywhere. Where woman should not be man 
better not go. 

The most radical change, and one of great value, was the 


systematic classification of the early promiscuous work ; the 
arrangement of courses of study and the separation of scholars 
into grades. It was my privilege and pleasure to teach the 
first graded school in Littleton in 1867. Our schools, and 
most of the schools about here, are divided into eight grades, 
requiring eight years to reach the High School. Concord has 
eight grades, two graded schools. The one at the Center, with 
eight rooms, each grade by itself, and one at the Junction, with 
four rooms, two grades in each room. The more recent 
changes of importance are the introduction of written examina- 
tions into the various grades, and the employment of profes- 
sional supervision. In 1857, our town stood the twentieth in 
the state in the relative proportion of scholars to the whole 
number of inhabitants, and at the time the state school fund 
was made, it stood fourth in the amount of money raised for 
schools per capita. Modifications and improvements in the 
public school will be made in the future as in the past, but the 
system of free public instruction will stand. It is firmly estab- 
lished in this country. The fear, that some express, that the 
schools of America are in danger because of the attitude of a 
foreign ecclesiastical power, I believe to be groundless. Edu- 
cation is its own protector. Those who receive their education 
in our schools will not assail them. Besides, the attitude of 
that power, clearly indicated by the signs of the times, will be 
less and less of opposition, and gradually one of approval and 
sanction. There may be an effort to capture them, but not to 
oppose or destroy them. No harm will come. Let politics and 
religion be kept apart. Let church and state be forever sep- 
arate. It is not necessary to spend vast sums for costly struc- 
tures to inflate our pride, but let us provide plain, ample, com- 
fortable rooms, wholesome and convenient appointments, and 
above all, thoroughly equipped and whole-souled instructors. 
Let virtue and morality be taught in which all men of every 


faith agree, and which men of no faith accept. In the language 
of the early colonial law, " Let teachers impress on the minds 
of children, committed to their care, the principles of justice, 
honor, integrity and a sacred regard to truth, love of country 
and humanity, universal benevolence, sobriety, industry, frugal- 
ity, chastity, moderation, temperance and those other kindred 
virtues which are the ornament of society and the basis of free 
institutions," and let no one be employed as teacher of youths, 
who does not exemplify these virtues in his life. 

Albert Francis Conant. 

The Work of Historical Societies. 

Read at a Meeting held on February 22, 1895, 
by Julius Herbert Tuttle. 

With some knowledge of the good beginning which your 
Historical Society has already made, and with an interest in 
your aims and purposes, it gives me great pleasure to bring to 
you the cordial greetings of the Dedham Historical Society, and 
their best wishes for your welfare and success as an organization. 
As a native of Littleton- it gives me pride and satisfaction to be 
able to take part in the exercises this evening. 

Closely woven into the texture of our lives are the recol- 
lections and experiences of the past which form our personal 
history, and these become largely the basis of our action in the 
present and future. We have to deal, not alone with individuals, 
but with bodies of people, and so the life of man in his relation 
to social and civil progress becomes the object of our study. 
The domain of history is broad and offers much of fascinating 
interest to the reader, the student and investigator; and it brings 
one into close touch with the varied life and activities of the 

In its civil progress the growth of New England has been 
by townships, and these, from the beginning, have given all the 
strength and vitality which we find reflected in our state and 
national governments. The town meeting is a New-England 
institution in its origin and growth. To quote the historian of 
Groton, Dr. Samuel A. Green, an eminent authority in such 
matters, says that "The proceedings at these meetings furnish 
the basis of our political history, and give us the best insight of 


the forces that developed local self-government." Charles Francis 
Adams has lately written that "probably there is no single 
American institution which, since De Tocqueville made it famous 
half a century ago, has excited so much and such wide-spread 
interest and admiration. In dealing with it, statesmen, philoso- 
phers, historians, and orators have seemed to vie in words of com- 
mendation." From the town, as a centre, have spread all those 
influences which have made our nation great and strong. We 
are proud of our ancestors for giving us at least the one priceless 
gift of civil liberty, and, as a matter of filial duty, we ought to 
strive to learn something of the character of the men and the 
movements, which have made it possible for us to enjoy so many 
and so great privileges. 

The study of local history has become a matter of great 
importance, and, at the present time, life in any community is 
not quite complete unless this feature be prominent. The 
necessity and urgent need of some definite action toward the col- 
lection and preservation of materials and the diffusion of historical 
information never before was felt to such an extent as it is today, 
and never before attracted so much popular interest. With 
these objects in mind, the formation of historical societies here 
and there is fast engaging the attention of thoughtful people. 
Such organizations are found to have similar objects in view, 
and in general are built upon the same plan; but the amount 
and kinds of work and results accomplished, as well as the 
interest manifested vary somewhat according to the local con- 
ditions. It may be of some interest to you to follow in a some- 
what hasty review of the different efforts in this direction, and 
to trace the growth of the historical sentiment in this country. 

A little more than one hundred years ago the adoption of 
the Constitution of the United States gave the impulse which 
led to the organization of the first historical society in this 
country. The elevation of the United States into the group 


of nations, created a desire in the minds of a few people to bring 
about some concerted action toward preserving whatever would 
relate to the history of our people. With this object in view it 
was on January 24, 1791, that the Reverend Jeremy Belknap 
and a few other persons met in Boston, and founded the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, which is the earliest organization 
of the kind in this country. From the beginning its objects 
have been the collection, preservation and the diffusion of 
material for New England history, and the main expression of 
its purpose is in publishing volumes containing papers which 
have never before been printed. In its series of publications 
continued since the issue of the first volume in 1792, there 
are embodied much rare and valuable material which throws 
additional light as well as contemporary evidence upon history. 

About twenty years later a new movement took shape in 
the establishment of the American Antiquarian Society at 
Worcester, in 18 12. Its aim has been to establish a museum 
and a depository for whatever would be of use to historians; 
and it embraces the whole country for its field of work and 
membership. Of late years it has diffused through its semi- 
annual publications, much of great historical value to a widely 
extended circle of readers. 

Nine years later, in 1821, Salem became the centre of 
another movement, which resulted in the beginning of the Essex 
Institute. Its main purpose has been to collect and preserve 
materials for a history of Essex County; and for many years it 
has issued a serial publication containing interesting and valuable 
papers. These three societies, at Boston, Worcester, and Salem, 
have been, and are still, the active promoters of historical study 
in this state. 

The influence of these early movements soon made itself 
felt in the Old Colony, and there we find the Pilgrim Society at 
Plymouth, devoted to the Pilgrims and their memory ; and later 


the Old Colony Historical Society at Taunton, which was estab- 
lished in the year 1853. The object of the latter organization is 
to preserve and perpetuate everything relating to the history of 
the Old Colony. Two years later a similar society was formed 
in Dorchester in order to collect books, manuscripts and 
curiosities, such as might tend to preserve the history of the 
United States, and to publish such portions as might interest 
succeeding generations. 

In all the early efforts to develop an interest in the study of 
history, with an eye single to the preservation of materials, the 
work in the main had covered a widely extended field; but as 
early as 1855 the movement began to take a different turn. 
Influenced somewhat by the good example set by the society in 
the neighboring town of Dorchester, a meeting was held in 
Dedham, early in February 1859, and the Dedham Historical 
Society founded. The aim in view was especially the col- 
lection of whatever might illustrate and perpetuate the history 
of Dedham. In the records of the first meeting the objects are 
stated "to collect and transmit to succeeding generations all 
possible memorials of past and present times." Nine years later 
a similar society was formed in Lowell. In 1870 Deerfield fell 
into line, and all the historic sentiment of that neighborhood 
took shape in the organization of the Pocumtuck Valley Memo- 
rial Association ; and its purpose is to gather everything relating 
to the Indians and early settlers of that region. As a result 
of the untiring labors of the Hon. George Sheldon, a large col- 
lection of Indian relics, and of whatever could be found relating 
to the early New-England home, has been made with great care. 
In its recent summer courses of lectures many distinguished 
people have taken part only to add new interest and zeal to the 
promotion of the enterprise. 

We come now to the awakening of a new interest in the 
cause of history, in which the Centennial Celebration at Phila- 


delphia in 1876 became the chief factor. Congress at that time, 
passed a resolution directly encouraging the collection of materials 
and the preparation of histories by urging the celebration of the 
anniversary in all the towns and cities of the land. Since that time, 
but mostly in recent years, new historical societies have sprung 
up on every hand. Prominent among these may be mentioned 
the one at Lexington, an organization devoted to the interests of 
that town and to the commemoration, by fitting public services, 
of the event which has become forever memorable in the annals 
of our country. Patriotism and loyalty there find a fitting ex- 
pression and form a common bond of purpose and union. There, 
as in other societies, is found the endeavor to preserve and to 
transmit to coming generations whatever relates to the past. 
Mention should be made here of the Groton Historical Society 
and the Fitchburg Historical Society, and the commendable wis- 
dom and zeal with which they have undertaken their work are 
certainly worthy of imitation. Similar societies at Acton, Con- 
cord, Bedford, Watertown, Harvard, Clinton and Westford have 
already entered upon active work, with promise of success. 

A comparative study of the aims and purposes of the differ- 
ent organizations brings to light four distinct lines of activity, all 
of which are indispensable to the true work of an historical 
society ; first to collect materials, then to preserve them, thirdly 
to diffuse information relating to history, and lastly to transmit 
to posterity valuable memorials of past and present times. 
Added to these, encouragement in various ways of the spirit of 
loyalty and patriotism gives a vitality to the life of such a society 
which can be gained in no other way. 

To show briefly what can be done more in detail, with your 
permission I shall refer to the work of our own society at Ded- 
ham ; for it may be called a typical society as it touches closely 
all the important lines of effort just mentioned. Organized in 
the year 1859, ft was the first distinctively town historical society 


that still continues to do active work. The resident member 
ship, now numbering about one hundred and sixty, was for a 
long period confined to the town, and for several years past such 
members have been chosen also from the different towns which 
were once, either wholly or in part, within the limits of original 
Dedham. When women were first elected members, about ten 
years ago, the work of the society took on a more popular in- 
terest, and since then they have contributed largely to its suc- 
cess. At the quarterly meetings during an early period, and 
later at the monthly meetings, the subjects considered have been 
interesting and instructive. Besides many which bear directly 
upon the life in our village, papers have been read by members 
and by friends from abroad as follows: 

Puritans and Huguenots ; Separation of Maine from Massachu- 
setts j The old time District School, illustrated by a teacher and a 
class of pupils ; Thanksgiving among the Pilgrims ; Hopedale, Brook 
Farm, and other communistic movements; Efforts of the English 
to Christianize the Indians ; Hon. Samuel Dexter ; Bennington 
Battle and Monument; Romance of Esther Wheelwright, a captive 
among the Indians ; Early Ministers of Norfolk County ; Madam 
Knight's Journey from Boston to New York in 1704; Anti-slavery 
Reminiscences ; The Codfish, its meaning as an Historic Symbol. 

Such headings present the wide variety of study which 
may be taken up to give additional interest to the work ; for 
some breadth of outlook has an important bearing upon the 
success of a society. 

One advantage which we enjoy is our commodious and 
attractive fire-proof structure built several years ago from funds 
bequeathed to the society by Miss Hannah Shuttleworth who 
had formerly lived on the site ot the building. It serves our pur- 
poses for meetings, for the library and reading-room, for commit- 
tee meetings, and for the storage, in the fire-proof vault, of town 
and church records, school-district records, journals and other 


manuscript papers. It has an old-fashioned fireplace at one end 
of the large room, fitted up with all the belongings of an early 
period which could be found ; and hanging upon the walls are 
portraits of persons in the town, and engravings. The whole 
collection, including the relics, is displayed in such a way as to 
be attractive to visitors. 

The Society has a natural pride in its library which has 
become of great value for reference to the citizens of the town as 
well as to visitors from abroad. Well supplied with books on 
genealogy, town history, biography, and general reading, it is our 
desire to serve the public in the best way possible. To this end 
the building is open a portion of each day in the week, and the 
Visitors' Register shows the names of persons from widely sep- 
arated towns and cities. Without the aid of any permanent 
fund, and without enough money to pay running expenses, its 
collection of over three thousand volumes has grown from a 
small nucleus of two or three hundred volumes, during the last 
ten years. With the welfare of the society at heart, and believ- 
ing it could be made a power in the community, the members 
have added little by little to the increasing number ; and this 
interest has been felt by friends abroad, who have generously 
contributed something of value from time to time. 

A special effort has been made to collect: photographs of 
members, of the older inhabitants of the town, of buildings and 
other views, engravings, pen-and-ink sketches, oil paintings and 
crayon sketches, old-fashioned wearing apparel, old china, and 
interesting relics relating to the town. Garrets have been ran- 
sacked, and much valuable material, including pamphlets and 
manuscripts, has been brought to light. At the time of the 
opening of the new building in 1888, a loan collection of every- 
thing within the reach of the members, and brought together 
with much trouble, was begun and kept on exhibition for a week 
or more. During this period, a large number of people visited 


the rooms, and at the close, many of the contributors were will- 
ing, and even desirous, to give objects of interest and value. 
In many similar ways, which would take too much time here to 
mention, a general interest has been created in the work of 
gathering ; and from year to year the museum has been gradually 

The study of genealogy, which has excited a fascinating 
interest among many members, has led to much investigation of 
records and family papers. While in itself it seems to be of 
little value, the study has served to give us a wider knowledge 
of our ancestors, and to lead us to know those facts which should 
be ours as filial descendants. A blank form, with the object of 
tabulating the list of one's ancestors, was prepared by our presi- 
dent, and many blanks, either wholly or in part, were filled out, 
while some were placed on file. 

Under the auspices of the Society, a Camera Club was 
formed about four years ago, and it has made a collection of pho- 
tographs and lantern slides, both serviceable and interesting. 
By the use of the lantern and slides, many pleasant and profitable 
evenings have been spent. Among the photographs made, are 
many which will prove of great value to the Society, as owing to 
certain changes, they represent views which cannot be seen in 
the same condition today. The importance of making the most 
of our present opportunities in this direction is apparent. 

Another feature of our work, somewhat educational in its 
character, is the awarding of two prizes to members of the gradu- 
ating class of the High School for the best historical essay to 
be written on some subject chosen by our curators. Such papers, 
from year to year, have required considerable research. Books 
and manuscript records have been consulted, and many interest- 
ing incidents have been learned from the older people in the 
town. To show the variety of subjects, the following may be 
named : Brute enemies of the early settlers ; Household furni- 


ture and cooking utensils in early times; and an account of 
methods of travelling in Massachusetts. At the graduating ex- 
ercises, the prize essays are read, and the prizes awarded. Thus 
the young folks are encouraged to take some interest in research, 
and to have a fondness for the study of history. 

I come now to the most important effort the Society has 
undertaken, the publication of a quarterly Magazine. This 
periodical has paid its way, and has been a great source of help 
to our work. The first number appeared in January 1890, and 
it has continued regularly ever since, the subscription price be- 
ing one dollar a year. Its subscribers are scattered over all 
parts of the country, wherever are found people who have Dedham 
ancestry, or who are specially interested in Dedham affairs. Its 
influence is very decidedly felt and is attracting wide notice 
as well as the attention of historical investigators. It has 
already made a place for itself which it hopes to fill with increas- 
ing usefulness. 

Many other details of the Society's activity might be men- 
tioned, but it is enough to say that it depends entirely upon the 
annual dues of two dollars a year and gifts from friends. Another 
subject it may be proper for me to mention here, and that is the 
publication of the town records. The four volumes already pub- 
lished attest the faithfulness and perseverance of our president, 
Don Gleason Hill, who has given his services as editor, and who, 
as town clerk, has taken a just pride in the work. The first 
step in this direction was taken by the Society, and upon its 
recommendation, the town made the first appropriation. The 
money received from the sale of the first volume was turned 
toward the publication of the second, and so on. The town, by 
its votes, has generously given fifty copies or more to the His- 
torical Society, and these have been used to good advantage, 
in exchange for books needed for the library. Thus the town 
becomes a direct promoter of the welfare of the society and at 
the same time the people have the free use of the rooms. 


Such is a brief review of several of the lines of work carried 
on in Dedham ; but Littleton has an interesting history as well, 
and will furnish an equally good field of work. Although this 
township was not incorporated until the year 17 14, its territory 
had previously been used in a good cause, as far back as 1654, 
by a village of civilized Indians, who had received a grant from 
the General Court at that early date, and who had been the 
indirect means of preserving these lands for your ancestors. 
Dedham, too, had within her western borders, a similar village 
of praying Indians, at Natick, who were early granted a portion 
of Dedham lands for a township. In exchange for this grant to 
the Indians, the General Court gave to the people of Dedham, 
the tra<5t of land in the Connecticut Valley at Deerfield. The 
faithful Apostle to the Indians, John Eliot, who labored under so 
many and so great difficulties, deserves a monument to his memory. 

Littleton, situated in a region full of historic traditions, 
was an original township, and was founded long after the frontier 
line had passed the western border of her early territory. Sur- 
rounded, during a brief period after the settlement of the village, 
by five original townships, it touches today only a single one, 
Groton, on the northern boundary. It is an interesting fa6l to 
note that in connection with Dedham, Watertown, Concord, 
and Groton, considered in their widest extent of original terri- 
tory, the five town-ships, with Littleton as the connecting link, 
spanned in a slightly curved line the whole width of Massachu- 
setts, joining what was later New Hampshire to the Province of 
Rhode Island, and thus indirectly connecting the extreme limits 
of the territory of New England. 

The various lines of investigation which you may undertake 
will easily suggest themselves to you. As facts of history must 
be learned before results can be deduced, so the " dry bones of 
history," so-called, must receive their due attention. Much of 
the evidence and information of life are affected by the destroying 


hand of time, and need now the most careful attention in the 
way of preservation in some enduring form. A hasty glance 
over a grouping of subjects such as come within the scope of 
your work, will be suggestive. Under the general heading of 
Buildings and their use, are dwelling-houses, meeting-houses, 
school buildings, post-offices, town-house, mills and mill sites 
stores, taverns, town clock, church bell, and other incidental 
matters. Under the subjects of Lands and their use, may be in- 
cluded, farms, boundaries, sites of old houses and other buildings 
long since passed from the memory of living people, geological 
structure of the land, quarries, and lime kilns, town commons, 
town boundary lines, hills, state surveys, maps, and other allied 
matters. Roads and highways suggest means of travelling, stage 
coaches, bridges, railroads, etc. Water brings to mind, ponds, 
brooks, water power and privileges, fish and fishing. Educatjpnal 
life includes schools and teachers, public library, music and 
musicians, graduates of colleges, etc. Social life suggests soci- 
eties, the lyceum, slavery in early times, witchcraft, customs 
and folklore, instances of longevity, change of names, bibli- 
ography, epitaphs, and many others. Included in Civil life, are 
town meetings, records, town government and officers, repre- 
sentatives to the General Court, senators, and so on. Under 
Natural History may be mentioned the fauna, flora, birds, 
varieties of woods, wild beasts, and brute enemies of the early 
settlers, etc. Religious matters include the history of churches, 
lives of the ministers, and of the church and parish officers. 
Genealogy brings us to family and ancestral history, including 
the lives of persons, natives or residents of the town. In 
the Professions, law and medicine demand our attentions, and 
biographical sketches of her lawyers and doctors must be writ- 
ten. Then Military matters give us many interesting subjects, 
such as the French and Indian War, French Neutrals, the 
American Revolution, soldiers and pensioners, War with Great 


Britain, Military Companies and others. I cannot leave this 
topic without trying to impress upon your minds the importance 
of gathering all the facts and information you can, about the part 
which the town and her loyal sons took in the late Rebellion. 
Under Indian history, may be mentioned efforts to civilize the 
Indians, the Praying-Indian Village, Life of John Eliot, Indian 
names, the burying ground, the Indian farm, Indian captives, 
etc. Under the general topic enterprises may be grouped re- 
cent as well as early industries and efforts, such as coopering, 
making of evaporated apple, pickle factory, lactart factory, mak- 
ing of suspenders, and so on. 

To do all the work required in carrying out a scheme sug- 
gested by this outline, the earnest co-operation of all the mem- 
bers of your society will be needed. The services of the young 
men and women should be enlisted in carrying on the different 
lines of study and investigation. It will be an interesting effort 
for each pupil of the High School, as well as for each graduate, 
to do something in this direction. With these objects clearly in 
view by the society, ways and means will be provided to accom- 
plish the desired results. 

In the hurry and bustle of our busy life, we are apt to forget 
what we owe to the wisdom and foresight of our ancestors, of 
those who builded better than they knew ; to forget our noble 
heritage from the past, which is ours not to be passed over 
in silence, but to be transmitted to our posterity. Lessons 
of the simple and homely living of the people, of lives of devotion 
and self-sacrifice, of examples of loyalty and heroism ; in fact, all 
that goes to make up a noble record of the past is ours in trust 
for those who come after us. To keep fresh in the minds of the 
younger generation the memory of the brave men and loyal 
women, whose devotion to the duties and responsibilities of life 
has given us the blessings which we so richly enjoy, to do this, 
is the duty of the hour ; and such an object is broad in its scope 
and far reaching in its results. 

The Littleton Lyceum. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, February 22, 1895, 

by Rev. William J. Clones, A. B. f President of the 

Lyceum since 1889. 

According to the time stained book of annals, the Littleton 
Lyceum had its origin, "at a meeting of a respectable number of 
the inhabitants of the town of Littleton, held in the centre school- 
house on Wednesday evening, December 2, 1829, for the purpose 
of consulting on the expediency of forming a society, the objecT; 
of which shall be to promote mutual improvement in useful knowl- 
edge." Rev. William H. White, the father of this society, was 
chosen moderator, and Rev. Amasa Sanderson, secretary, ot this 
preliminary meeting. On December 8, the Constitution and By- 
Laws were presented by a committee, composed of Rev. William 
H.White, Rev. Mr. Sanderson, Jonathan Hartwell, Deacon James 
Kimball and Joel Hoar ; and the Constitution was adopted. The 
following preamble and articles in this old document will be of 
interest : 

" We, the subscribers, feeling desirous of affording every possible 
facility for the improvement of our schools, feeling the importance of 
personal cultivation and the general diffusion of useful knowledge, 
and believing these objects can be best accomplished by united and 
combined efforts, agree to form a Society under the name of the 
Littleton Lyceum." 

Article I. 
" Any person may become a member by paying into the treasury 
one dollar on admission and thirty-three cents annually. Five dollars 
paid at any one time shall constitute a person a life member." 


(Persons under 18, fifty cents admission, thirty-three cents annually, 
without the privilege of voting.) " Ladies may become members, by 
paying fifty cents on admission and seventeen cents annually, or life 
members by paying $2.50 and have the privilege of making their own 
By-Laws, not inconsistent with this constitution." 

Article II. 
"To accomplish the objects of the society there shall be pro- 
vided as soon as the funds will permit, the most popular and useful 
books on education, and an apparatus for the schools and for illus- 
trating the sciences." 

Article V. 

"The society shall hold meetings for the purpose of having 
Readings and Recitations for the several classes in our common 
schools and for Reading, Discussions, Lectures and such other 
exercises as the society may deem most proper for the promotion of 
its principal objects." 

There are ten articles in all. This original constitution T 
find was subsequently modified as follows : 

March 6, 1854. " Any person, may become a member of 
the Lyceum by a vote of the majority of the members present, at 
any legal meeting and who shall conform to such rules and regu- 
lations as the Lyceum may adopt from year to year, to raise funds 
for its support. All members over eighteen years of age are con- 
sidered legal voters." 

November 14, i860. "Voted to revise the constitution," and 
on March 4, 1861, the following was adopted: 

"All persons who have purchased season tickets the current 
year are members." Also, the following By-Law: "The annual 
meeting for the choice of officers shall be holden on the first 
Tuesday after the last regular meeting of the Lyceum." This 
has been changed to the evening of the annual town meeting day. 
From this it will be seen that the original idea of the Lyceum 


was generous enough, to include, with slight modifications, the 
Lyceum as now known to us. 

On December 21, 1829, the By-Laws were adopted and 
officers elected. Rev. Mr. White was chosen president, and as 
an evidence of the great debt due him for his services in the 
Lyceum, it may be noticed that he was chosen to this office for 
twenty-three consecutive years, from 1829 to 185 1. On January 
5, 1830, our memorable institution began its splendid career of 
educating and disciplining the mind, and of mutual helpfulness in 
a very simple way. The exercises consisted of "Parsing and 
criticism on grammar, and reading from the North American 
Review with criticism." The first lectures were given by Abel 
Fletcher. The subject, Astronomy. The first recorded dis- 
cussion February 9, 1830, on the topic, "Is the institution of 
Freemasonry necessary to promote virtue, support religion and 
maintain good government." Affirmative, Elnathan Brown, Cal- 
vin Foster; negative, James Colburn, Isaac W. Dow. Decided, 
affirmatively, on the merits of the argument. After two more 
meetings, February 23, 1830, the first of its sixty-five seasons 
closed. Such, according to the old record, is the beginning of our 
Lyceum. It was one of the many outgrowths of the Lyceum idea 
as advocated in New England at that time by Josiah Holbrook, of 
Boston. The Littleton Lyceum has had a continuous his- 
tory since its foundation. This makes it, not even the 
Lyceums of Concord or Salem excepted, the oldest institution of 
the kind in our country. I find by a careful examination of the 
records from the beginning that there have been annual meet- 
ings, elections of officers and transaction of business without a 
break. There is only one season where there is omission of 
records of literary exercises and lectures, and I find by inquiry 
that in that season, 1876-77, the gap may be filled up. Hon. J. 
D. Long gave a lecture on social statistics April 4, 1877, and 
another lecture was given through the efforts of Col. Harwood 


at about the same time. It is not, however, to be inferred from 
this that we have a complete record of all the lectures before the 
Lyceum. We have not. There are omissions from time to 
time. But we do have a record sufficiently complete to enable 
us to make the claim that we have an unbroken history from 
1829 to 1895. Of course, under the limitations of this paper it 
will be impossible to give anything approaching a minute history 
of these sixty-five years. Many things, as to the changes in the 
conditions of our town life then and now, the old fashioned 
manners and customs, the invaluable benefits of the Lyceum in 
different generations, the part it has had in the intellectual life 
of our community must be largely left untouched. These have 
been set forth in a most interesting manner in the valuable 
pamphlet containing the material relating to the observance of 
our semi-centennial in 1879, especially in the history by Miss H. 
P. Dodge prepared for that occasion, to which I must refer you 
as satisfactorily meeting the unavoidable deficiencies of the pres- 
ent paper. But in my journeyings to and fro through these old 
records, I have come upon facts and items which I think will not 
fail to interest all those present to whom the past of our beloved 
town is rich in memories and inspiration. They may, perhaps, 
be like a bunch of chance wild flowers, but for all that will not, 
I hope, be deemed valueless. The first meetings began at six 
o'clock. Jonathan Hartwell has the honor of being our first 
solicitor, the first in time of a worthy company. The time of the 
meetings was, for many years, posted on the meeting-houses. In 
1830, on November 30, December 7, December 14, the record 
reads, "No meetings on account of the weather and travelling." 
An old experience sometimes repeated in later years. 

I find several references to a book that was often used as a 
reading book in the early meetings, — " Hall's Lectures on School 
Keeping." It would be an interesting volume for our Historical 
Society. The first lecturers were usually not paid, save with a 


gratuitous vote of thanks. February 22, 183 1, Calvin Foster, 
" speaking on the Cherokee Indians, had but part of his notes 
and could not go on." (Query, — Is he the only one thus unfor- 
tunate ?) 

December 27, 1831. Mention is made of the admission of 
Mrs. White, Mrs. Rice, and others, to membership. 

Premiums were often awarded for the best compositions by the 
scholars in our schools. Ranging from two dollars to twenty- 
five cents and vote of thanks. 

December 4, 1832. Pope's essay on man was sold to mem- 
bers for parsing, at six cents a copy. 

March 19, 1833. A premium of sixty cents was awarded to 
Eliza Lapham for a composition, also of thirty cents to H. P. 
Dodge. (It was voted to file these with the secretary, but they 
are not with the records.) 

March 1834. Voted to raise ten dollars for two lectures by 
tickets. Those under 12 years, 6\ cents; over, 12^ cents. Fam- 
ilies, more than three, 37! cents. These are among the first 
lectures for which money was paid. 

Ten dollars and twenty-five cents was offered as premiums, 
1834, for compositions on the followingsubjects : "Can the Indians 
of our country be civilized?" " Which is the surest way to 
eminence and distinction in our country, wealth or knowledge?" 
"What are the characteristics of a good school." 

March 18, 1834. Voted "that a premium of twenty dollars 
be offered for the best written history of the town of Littleton, 
to be given at the close of the next session of the Lyceum." 
(Open to all citizens.) No record of its award. 

1839. Lecture commenced by Mr. Herrick, of Groton, on 
"The Human Eye," broken up, (probably lecture, audience 
and lecturer), by an alarm of fire in Oliver Daland's house. 

1840. Lecture on Phrenology and examination of the 
heads of a few individuals, and, rather significant, if startling, is 


the next item in view of the preceding, "Voted that members 
be requested to pay their annual assessment soon." 

Prior to 1850, such questions as the following were dis- 
cussed : 

"Ought imprisonment for debt to be abolished?" 

"Is it to the interest of our country that a man be eligible 
to the Presidency for a second term?" 

"Have males or females the most influence in society?" 

" Is it proper that a female be placed at the head of govern- 

"Ought teachers to be responsible for the public property 
of their schools ? " 

"Has congress the right to abolish slavery in the District of 

"Can truth be spoken at all times with propriety?" 

"Are dancing and balls advantageous to youth?" 

"Does the mind always think?" 

"Has the United States seen its best days?" (1843 tne 
date of this.) 

"Is it expedient, all things considered, to establish a High 
School in Littleton?" 

1847. "Can two school districts of convenient location 
unite their means advantageously?" 

"Has socialism any claims upon us?" 

"Ought interest to be regulated by law?" 

"Is not party spirit the life of independent government?" 

" Whose wrongs are the greatest at our hands, the Indian 
or the Negro ? " 

March 27, 1853. Officers chosen for the first time in the 

December 19, 1854. R. W. Emerson lectured on "Charac- 
teristics of the English people." Mr. Emerson lectured subse- 
quently, 1857, on " Walking;" 1869, on " Fear and Courage." 


The Lyceum exercises often closed during these years with 
singing " Old Hundred." 

December 14, 1849. A very successful tea party was given 
for the benefit of the Lyceum. (In arranging for this twenty- 
three votes were taken.) 

The amount raised annually for lectures for many years was 
about sixty dollars. 

January 19, 1857. S. Smith read a history of Littleton. 
(Query, — Did he claim the old premium of twenty dollars?) 

November 7, 1858. Dr. Chapin, of New York, lectured on 
"Orders of Nobility." He was paid fifty dollars. The largest 
amount, so far as I can ascertain, ever paid for a single evening. 

November 14, i860. Voted that A. P. Whitcomb be door- 
keeper and that he receive a salary of five dollars and honors for 

1 863-1 864. One hundred and ten dollars was collected for 
the Lyceum. 

February 16, 1869. Dio Lewis and his wife gave lectures 
on dressing and living. Mrs. Lewis to the ladies at Capt. Todd's 

1869-1870. The season in which the largest sum was 
raised in the history of the Lyceum, $324.50 — $290 by subscrip- 
tion and $34.50 by admission fees. 

The course was made up of lectures, I judge, exclusively, and 
included ledures by Dr. J. O. Peck, G. B. Loring, Dr. Neill, Mr. 
Emerson, Mrs. Livermore and Wendell Phillips. (Phillips re- 
ceived thirty dollars, Mr. Emerson and Mrs. Livermore, twenty 
dollars each.) The officers for this season were T. S. Tuttle, 
Gardner Prouty, Rev. J. F. Morton ; Lecture Committee, J. A. 
Harwood, Rev. Elihu Loomis, G. W. Sanderson. 

Very successful courses of lectures were given until 1876. 
Several of the lecturers were of national reputation, Higginson, 
Whipple, T. W. Knox, Livermore, Niles, Conwell, S. F. Smith, 
Coffin, Cudworth, and Winship. 


In the fall of 1876, the interest in the Lyceum suddenly 
waned and officers were not chosen until January, 1877. This 
was the season already referred to, in which Ex-Governor Long 

January 7, 1878. Music was furnished by Mrs. Flagg and 
Mrs. Tenney. The beginning of our musical entertainments so 
popular of late years. 

In 1879, the semi-centennial was successfully commemorated. 
Since then there have been courses of lectures and entertain- 
ments of varying success. The wisdom of the return to the 
ticket system is evidenced by the receipts of the last four or five 
years and the revival of interest in the Lyceum. 

January 5, 1886. The last old-fashioned debate until this 
season. "Resolved, that it is for the interest of the United 
States to maintain protection." 

January 17, 1888. Frederick T. Greenhalge, (since then 
Governor,) lectured on " Literature and Methods of Applying it 
to every day Life." 

January 14, 1890. The Phila May Concert Company gave 
the first grand concert by outside talent exclusively. The 
amounts raised for the courses of the last three years indicate a 
revival of interest in the Lyceum. 1891-1892, $167 ; 1892-1893, 
#192; 1893-1894, $157, and 1894-1895, over $200. It is a mat- 
ter for congratulation Mr. Chairman, that the present course has 
been so successful. There has been a return to some of the old 
features of the Lyceum, i. e., exercises by the schools, papers by 
members and debates. The nine evenings of entertainment and 
profit provided this season for one dollar surely furnished each 
purchaser of a season ticket with far more than the equivalent of 
his money. 

In the record of the two hundred and fifty and more lectures 
given before the Lyceum, the subjects cover all departments of 
life and letters. Since 1845 geographical, biographical and his- 
torical lectures predominate. 


In biography there have been lectures on Washington, Lin- 
coln, Peabody, Joan of Arc, Angelo, John Brown, Webster, 
Thoreau, Browning, Whittier, Shaftsbury, Cromwell, Luther, 
Elizabeth, Josephine, Mary Stuart, and Whittier. 

In travels, nearly all lands have been visited at some time 
during the lecture courses. Borneo, Italy, Mexico, Siberia, San 
Domingo, Japan, China, Armenia, Hayti, Brazil, India, Australia, 

Art, Science, Politics, Religion, Manners, Habits, Philosophy, 
Sociology, Temperance, Reform, Education, have in turn been 

The subjects of vital importance in current life from year to 
year, have been under discussion or presented by lectures. 

A grouping of some peculiar lecture topics is suggestive and 
amusing : Zoography, Complexion of People of Color, Fear, Im- 
portance of Early Rising, Hypocrisy and Deceit, Witchcraft, 
Empyricism of the Age, Physic, Matter, The Danger of getting 
Rich too fast, Acres of Diamonds, The Past, Present and Future 
History of Our Country, Struggles, Civilized Shams, Walking, 
Hash, Mechanism of Breathing, Buncombe, Matrimony, Job Jr., 
Aerial Experiences, The Boxes that Rule the World, The Cart- 
ridge, The Ballot and The Band Box. 

Tne Littleton Lyceum, venerable and beneficial, must be 
regarded as one of the established, and we trust, one of the per- 
manent institutions of our town. No one can consider its long 
career without recognizing its influence and usefulness beyond 
calculation upon our town in broadening the minds of its citizens, 
uniting them in a common purpose, in furnishing entertainments, 
instruction and training in character. 

That we still enjoy its benefits is due to the faithful toils of 
public spirited citizens. It is true that we live now under vastly 
different conditions of life and thought than fifty years ago. It 
is true that the railroad, the magazine, the newspaper, and the 


library, have wrought their many and potent transformations, 
but there is still a place in our town for this ancient institution. 
There is still a work for it to do, as witness this season's course, 
in entertaining, uplifting and unifying our community. And shall 
it not be perpetuated! Granted it takes time, toil and money. 
But surely each year will find some of us ready to bear our part 
in carrying it on. Surely each year will find some who will be 
ready, in the words of the semi-centennial committee, "To most 
honor those who have preserved to us our Lyceum, by providing 
for its continued usefulness." Let us not forget that it is a 
co-operative organization. All should profit by the labors of 
each in turn, and even if we shall never be favored as other 
communities have been with gifts of funds, for our yearly 
courses, yet let us not shirk duty when our turn comes, but in 
gratitude for what our fathers have done seek, by our allegiance 
and fidelity, to make our descendants grateful for our toils in 
behalf of the Littleton Lyceum. 



Lecture Topics from 1829 to i860. 

Astronomy. Temperaments. Formation of the Earth. Moral 
Condition of Man. Zoology. Magnetism. Economy. Origin and 
Progress of Writing. Intemperance. Origin and Importance of 
Lyceums. Knowledge. Biography. Importance of Education. 
History. School-keeping. Originality in Composition. Ancient His- 
tory. War. Printing. Arithmetic. Free Schools. Culture. Chem- 
istry. Literature. The Structure of the Human Frame. National 
Government. Zoography. The Ocean. Complexion of People of 
Color. Benefit of the Lyceum. Mahomet and Christ. Physic. 
Heat. Aborigines of North America. The Negro Race. Fear. 
Existing Evils. Pleasure. The Sun and Planets. On the Seasons 
and Eclipses. Prejudice. Religion and Science. Anti-Slavery. 
The Human System. On the Secret Dangers to which a Repub- 
lican Government is Exposed. Pleasures of the Pursuit of Science. 
Female Education. Moral Dangers of the Country. The Harmony 
of Religion and Civil Polity. Witchcraft. Anatomy. Popery. The 
Evil of Exciting Emulation in School by Premium Rather Than 
Principle. Importance of Early Rising. The Authenticity of the 
Pentateuch. The Dignity of Man. Agriculture. Intellectual Science. 
Hypocrisy and Deceit. Music. Elocution. The Spirit of the Age. 
The Atmosphere. The Virtue of Integrity. Practical Education. 
The Human Eye. The Blessings that Distinguish Our Nation Above 
All Others. Duties of Parents and Teachers. Phrenology. Pompeii 
and Herculaneum. China. Education. The First Settlements of 
New England. Conversation. Education in Prussia. China and the 
Chinese. Popular Government. Capital Punishment. Engraving. 
Criminal Jurisprudence. Texas. Poland. Happiness. Insanity. 
Philosophy. Mohammed and the Coran. Evil of Corruption. 
Jerusalem. Great Britain. Mental Improvement. Oregon. 


Improvement. Empyricism of the Age. The Adoption of Truth 
to the Reformation of the World. George Fox and the Quakers. 
Woman's Mission. Entomology. What constitutes a Nation's Glory. 
Duties and Privileges of American Citizens. Hayti. King Philip. 
On the Political and Commercial Interests of Great Britain. The 
Temple of Jerusalem. Cromwell. Zoology of the Scriptures. The 
Training of Children. The Irish and Irishisms. R. B. Sheridan. 
Socialism. The Purity of the Puritans. Self Improvement. New 
England Witchcraft. Origin and Progress of the Saxon Race. The 
West. The Rise and Fall of Popular Superstition. Martin Luther. 
Characters. The Sclavonic Race. The Federal Constitution. Young 
Men. Pompeii. Labor. Arctic Expedition of Franklin. Italy. 
Germany. Debt. The Norsemen. Five Requisites for a Good Edu- 
cation. Independence. Moral Reform. Matter. Property. Amuse- 
ments. Queen Elizabeth. The Fine Arts. Progress of Science. 
Intolerance. Josephine. The Christian Citizen. Ballad. Litera- 
ture. The Danger of Getting Rich Too Fast. The Practical 
Man. R. Burns. The Past, Present and Future History of Our 
Country. Liberty. Criticism. The Progress of Mankind. Struggles. 
Aaron Burr. Characteristics of the English. Imagination. Experi- 
ence. The Perpetuity of Our Government. The Follies of the 
Present Age. Lectures and Lecturing. Australia. Modern Prog- 
ress. The Life Architect. Business. Opportunity. Phenomenon 
of Life. Associated Life. Egypt. The Schoolmaster. British India 
in the East. Genius Among Common People. Human Progress. 
Commerce. Ancient Egypt. Natural History. Reading. Quackery 
and Delusion. White Mountains. Industry. Ancestry. Influence 
of Money in the American Mind. Walking. Socrates. History of 
Littleton. Importance of High Schools. Man. Brazil. Orders of 
Nobility. Civilized Shams. Completeness of Life. The True and 
the False in Life. Priceless. The Spaniard in America. Hayti. 
Enthusiasm. Self Culture. Little Things. Mechanism of Breathing. 
The Turkish Empire. Evidence of the Truth of the Bible. Political 
Fortunes of the Anglo-Saxon Race. 


Some of the Lecture Subjects Since i860. 
Proverbs. Poetry. Education of the Senses. {? Unconscious 
Influence. Ireland. Europe. History of the Ages. Irving. Borneo. 
Italy. Washington. Lincoln. Mary Stuart. London. Mexico. 
California. Daniel the Prophet. George Peabody. Joan of Arc. 
Siberia. San Domingo. The History of Coal. Rebel Prisons. 
Sherman's March to the Sea. George Stephenson. Sandwich 
Islands. Rome. Alps. Buncombe. Power of Oratory. Whittier. 
Matrimony. Aerial Experiences. John Brown. Yosemite. Com- 
munism. Abraham Lincoln. Japan. Angelo. Reminiscences of a 
Page in the United States Senate. Thoreau and Webster. William 
Tell. Up the Rhine. Electricity. Sydney Smith. Miles Standish. 
Robert Browning. Armenia. Battle of Antietam. Libby Prison. 
South America. Webster. Hood. Russia. Shaftsbury. P. Cooper. 
Rocky Mountains. Violins. Passion Play. Scotland. China. Korea. 
A Dream of To-morrow. 



Shattuck Hartwell, one season. John S. Hartwell, one season. 

Rev. Wm. Sewall, one season. W. E. Conant, five seasons. 

H. J. Harwood, two seasons. George A. Sanderson, three seasons. 

A. P. Hager, two seasons. Everett E. Kimball, six seasons. 

Rev. J. C. Staples, three seasons. 

Rev. W. I. Nichols, one season. 

Rev. Wm. J. Cloues, six seasons. 




Rev. Abel Fletcher, 
Ex-Gov. Boutwell, 
Rev. D. C. Eddy, D. D., 
Dr. R. Neill, 
A. Bronson Alcott, 
Rev. E. H. Sears, D. D., 
Rev. E. E. Hale, D. D., 
Wm. Flagg, 
Shattuck O. Hartwell, 
Wendell Phillips, 
Dio Lewis, 
T. W. Higginson, 
Thos. Russell, 
Jas. Schouler, 


Rev. Mr. Woodbury, 
Rev. Wm. H. White, 

Daniel Bolles, 
Gen. N. P. Banks, 

Rev. Barnas Sears, D. D., Phineas Stowe, 

R. W. Emerson, 
Rev. S. F. Smith, 

E. G. Parker, 

Rev. W. H. Cudworth, 
Miss H. P. Dodge, 
G. A. Sanderson, 

F. B. Sanborn, 

Dr. O. W. Holmes, 
Dr. E. H. Chapin, N. Y., 
Rev. J. F. Clarke, D. D., 
Rev. Russell H. Conwell, 
G. H. Hartwell, 
Mrs. Mary A. Livermore, 
Hon. G. B. Loring, 

Wm. Parsons, (England) E. P. Whipple, 

T. W. Knox, 
C. C. Coffin, 
Ex. Gov. J. D. Long, 

Ex. Gov. J. Q. A. Brackett, John L. Swift, 

Darius Cobb, 

R. Lawrence, 

Hon. Daniel Needham, 

Prof. Morse, 

W. H. Niles, 
Rev. A. E. Winship, 
Gov. Greenhalge, 
Hon. Carroll D. Wright, 
Rev. O. P. Gifford, 
Gamaliel Bradford, 
A. W. Williams, 
Prof. C. C. Felton, 

Rev. J. W. Hamilton, 
Jas. K. Applebee, 
Dr. Stockbridge, 
Hon. Geo. Stevens, 

Dr. S. D. Phelps. 

Also the following resident pastors, the Reverends Kenny, Ayer, Bryant, Cleaves, 

Newell, Lamson, Loomis, Vorse, Morton, Winship, 

Sewall, Winkley, Prescott, and Cloues. 

Joel Proctor. 

An Obituary notice read at a meeting of the Society, Feb. 22, 1895, 
by Edward Frost. 

Upon the suggestion of the Executive Committee the follow- 
ing matter has been prepared and is herewith presented for ac- 
ceptance and preservation in our records : — 

We are called upon at the present meeting to take note of 
the first invasion by death upon the ranks of our membership ; 
occurring in the death of Joel Proctor, one of the first elected, 
and oldest in years, of our honorary list. He died November 19, 

Had his life been prolonged but three or four months, it would 
have rounded out his ninetieth year. It was a life of happy and 
well ordered industry, upon lands dear to him through memories 
of his forefathers ; doubly dear again, as the home of his stalwart 
and prosperous manhood, and also as scene of his earlier strug- 
gles with privation. His faculties both of mind and body sur- 
vived well the assaults of advancing years. At last, in accord- 
ance with the inevitable course of nature, he was called to join 
the numerous company of his comrades, associates, friends, and 
kindred of near or remote degree, whom he had outlived. 
Scarcely any of his boyhood's companions, two or three at most, 
are known to survive him. 

We, of a generation or two later, may well bestow our tribute 
of respectful regard upon the sturdy and sterling excellences of 
his character. It was one unembellished, indeed, by modern 
graces and external polish (from which he was precluded by the 
narrow circumstances of his youth and early manhood) but it was 


notably a strong and manful one. He was plain and simple, 
direct of purpose and in speech, sometimes even to bluntness, 
perhaps ; but still kindly and affectionate, even tenderly so, in 
all family and other near relationships. As son, brother, hus- 
band, father, neighbor, and friend, he bore himself through his 
long life consistently and honorably. 

His father was Nathaniel Proctor; his mother was Mercy 
Russell. He was married to Elizabeth Houghton, at Sterling, 
December 26, 1 839. Of this marriage, two sons and three daughters 
were born ; all lived to mature years ; the deaths of two of the 
daughters, both unmarried, preceded that of their father. The 
surviving daughter, and the two sons, are all married, and 
have resided within this town to the present time. The older of 
the sons is now occupant of the ancestral homestead ; thus repre- 
senting the sixth generation of the name to occupy and improve 
this estate. It was originally settled upon by English ancestors 
of the name. These lands constituted the third farm established 
in Littleton. On this homestead Joel Proctor's entire life was 
passed ; he succeeded in early life to its ownership. Near the 
family residence was the wigwam of Thomas Dublet, one of the 
Nashobah Indians, well known and friendly to the early settlers ; 
and upon lands adjoining or belonging thereto many interesting 
Indian relics have been found. In connection with these are 
still extant various traditions, which Mr. Proctor was fond of 

His father Nathaniel's health was poor in his later years, 
and his circumstances not over prosperous. The family con- 
sisted of nine children, four daughters and five sons. Mr. Proc- 
tor, youngest of the sons, was left fatherless at an early age, and 
when, (as soon occurred) the older sons went out from the old 
homestead to engage in business elsewhere, he was left alone, a 
mere youth at the time, to share, with his widowed mother, the 
care and support of the younger daughters. 


The sole charge of out-door affairs, thus falling upon a mere 
boy, left him, of course, no time to pursue the study of books. 
Such education as he had already received was gained in the 
"Old North School," then kept in a building that stood south of 
and very near the one called the " Long Store." Its teacher, 
for a considerable period, was Ithamar Beard, well known in 
Littleton annals ; and it was attended by pupils from all parts of 
the town. 

Among those who shared the instruction there given, were 
Sarah Dix, (who subsequently became Mrs. Dr. Frost) Thomas 
Russell Dix, now a resident of Pawtucket, R. I., Sabra Warren, 
Sophia Kimball (Mrs. Col. Nahum Harwood), and Jonathan and 
Cyrus Barker. 

One whose filial relationship and hence more intimate 
knowledge entitle her words to weight, in speaking of Joel 
Proctor has said, " He was reared in the school of self-denial and 
self-sacrifice, through which his naturally strong and energetic 
character was toned and developed, bringing forth fruit, in his 
maturer years, of many kindly deeds and helpful ways." 

The heirs of Mr. Proctor desire me to present, in their be- 
half, to the care and custody of this society, the below enumer- 
ated and herewith accompanying papers ; some originals, others 
old time copies. They relate to his ancestors on the maternal 
or Russell side exclusively. No old papers in the Proctor name 
have come under our notice. 

I. (" Capt ") John Russell's will, dated 1776. It names his 
four children, who were (1) John, Jr. (2) Samuel. (3) Lucy, 
who m. Conant. (4) Peter, who was in Harvard College in 1757. 
An old time copy. 

The will disposes of a certain clock; now, and for many 
years past, the valued possession of a direct descendant of the 

II. Peter Russell's letter to his " Honored Parents," dated 
Cambridge, 1757. Original paper. 


III. A paper styled "Arbitrament, etc.," between Joseph 
Russell, of Menotomy (now Arlington) and his four brothers, 
John, Philip, William, and Jason. This paper (of date 1691) 
names their father William, then deceased ; from him all the 
Russejls of Littleton appear to have descended, chiefly through 
his son John (second son above named.) The family of Nathaniel 
Russell, Esq., once prominent here, are said (by Mr. Samuel 
Smith) to be descended from John's brother Philip. Original 

IV. Copy of the will, made and executed in 1660, of Wil- 
liam, the father, above named. 

V. " Esquire " (Nathaniel) Russell's deed to John Russell, 
Jr., (dated 1756) of 55 acres, for the price of 113s. 4d. (about 2s. 
per acre), lying " Easterly of Town Way, on Ridge Hill," and 
stretching "Easterly to Robert Pro6tor's N. W. corner." An 
original document. 

VI. Letter of John Russell, of Princeton, son of John Jr., 
above named, to his honored parents at Littleton, of date 1791, 
original. (Ex-Gov. W. E. Russell was a great grandson of this 
John Russell of Princeton.) 

VII. Original of a bond for ioO;£, dated 1721-22, "in the 
eighth year of His Majesty's Reign," involving a mortgage 
" made and passed to the commissioners, etc., etc.," in the year 
1716, by David Russell and wife Abigail, (of Littleton in 1721-2), 
upon 16 acres of land described as " lying in Concord." 

The " Commissioners " therein named were those appointed 
for Middlesex County in pursuance of a certain "Adte of ye Grat 
and General Court or assembly of ye Province," relating to 
"Publick Bills of Credit;" — a device for supplying a circulating 
medium of exchange, somewhat analogous to the modern " green- 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward Frost. 

What ought the Town to do for the Better 
Preservation of its Records. 

Read at a meeting of the Society, September 2, 1895, 
by Edward Frost. 

In view of the extended and interesting programme other- 
wise provided, I shall endeavor to treat the subject to which I 
am assigned, with the utmost possible brevity, yet with an aim 
to bring out its salient features in a manner not utterly inade- 

In every community that enjoys a reputation for culture, 
there is coming to be manifested an interest in its own early 
history. A great and growing interest appears, for exploring the 
earlier stages and conditions through which it has passed, as ex- 
hibited in its records. 

For the satisfaction of all interested to inquire, for the suc- 
cessful prosecution of the work which we, as a Society have 
organized ourselves to promote, for the good name of the town, 
as a centre of enlightened thought; yes, even for a bare compli- 
ance with the existing statutes of the Commonwealth, we are 
called upon to take steps, in town-meeting, for the better care 
and condition of our early records. 

Of the statutory requirements, we shall say more hereafter. 
The present condition of the records will first claim our attention. 


In common with many other towns of the Commonwealth, 
we find ours in sore need of — 

i. Some systematic overhauling, and a competent and 
careful collating ; in accomplishing which result, transcribing, 
interleaving and referencing will not infrequently need to be 

2. Scattered materials must be brought together in such 
form as may be best, on the whole, for obviating future disarrange- 

3. Perishing records must be rescued; pages in faded ink, 
and on loose tattered leaves, call for copying ; after which — 

4. The original pages should be cared for in some proper 

So much work as is above outlined, — more or less extensive 
as maybe requisite, — represents requirements which we encounter 
at the outset. This work once accompolished, accurate account 
may then be taken of the cost, as well as of the advisability (so 
far as left discretionary under the statute) of going further. 

Questions of printing, of type-written or other duplications, 
etc., etc., will be better postponed till the pages can be connect- 
edly read over, and till they can be safely handled, for counting, 
for instance, as now they cannot. 

It is expressly provided by statute, (in Public Statutes Chap. 
37) that all town records and files shall be made and kept acces- 
sible to the general public, and conveniently arranged for examin- 
ation and reference. 

Another section provides — (and when we say "provides" we 
mean requires) in case the original pages have become worn, 
mutilated, or illegible, fair and legible copies " shall be seasonably 
made," or caused to be made, "by the selectmen." 

In Public Document No. 52, of the current year (Commis- 
sioner Swan's Seventh Report on " Custody and Condition of 
Records,") may be found some very instructive instances of well 


meant but disastrous attempts to comply with the law, where 
the work was entrusted to incompetent hands. None but the 
most expert, or thoroughly trained should be permitted to under- 
take the delicate and responsible duties involved in copying, 
repairing, collating or restoring fragmentary and dilapidated 

I think the town should be asked to appropriate as liberally 
as it may feel inclined — (but not less than fifty or seventy-five 
dollars) — by way of a partial provision, by no means adequate, but 
at least helpful, as a starter, towards the (4) four objects above 
specified on page 94. 

And, in conclusion, I venture to express a sanguine hope, 
that here, — as in other towns similarly circumstanced it has hap- 
pened, there may appear someone, whose private liberality will, 
for this most laudable object, come in to supplement the always 
over-burdened treasury of the town, when once we shall have se- 
cured its sanction, by its vote, enabling a small, but real and vis- 
ible beginning to be made. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward Frost. 

The Indians of Nashobah. 

Read before the Society, at their field meeting, June 17, 1895, 
by Herbert Joseph Harwood. 

John Eliot in his "Brief Narrative" written in 1670 says, 
" Nashope is our next Praying Town, a place of much Affliction ; 
it was the chief place of Residence, where Tahattawans lived, a 
Sachem of the Blood, a faithful and zealous Christian, a strict yet 
gentle Ruler; he was a Ruler of 50 in our Civil Order ; and 
when God took him, a chief man in our Israel was taken away 
from us. His only son was a while vain, but proved good, expert 
in the Scripture, was Elected to Rule in his Fathers place, but 
soon died, insomuch that this place is now destitute of a Ruler." 

This was the earliest Nashobah sachem of whom we have 
any knowledge, he is spoken of in different publications and 
records by the various names Tahattawarre, Tahattawan, Tahat- 
tawants, Attawan, Attawance, Ahatawance and Nattahattawants, 
under which last name he is recorded in Suffolk deeds, Vol. I- 
No. 34 as the grantor in a sale made in 1642, of a large tract of 
land on both sides of Concord River to Symon Willard in behalf 
of Governor Winthrop, Mr. Dudley, Mr. Nowell, and Mr. Allen. 

The tract was in extent 3760 acres and the consideration 
" six fadom of waompampege, one wastcoat and one breeches." 
In the deed Nattahattawants is referred to as " sachem of that 
land " and is referred to by some writers as sachem of Musketa- 
quid (Concord), in view of which it is important to note that 
Eliot states that "Nashope" [Nashobah] was his, "chief place of 


Barber gives Tahattawan jointly with Squaw Sachem as the 
vendors of Concord to the white settlers in 1635. 

Tahattawan's only son who succeeded him as sachem of 
Nashobah was John Tahattawan, also referred to as Tahatooner 
by Samuel G. Drake. 

Old Tahattawan had two daughters (at least), the elder of 
whom, Tassansquaw, married the celebrated Waban, and another 
Naanasquaw or Rebeckah married Naanishcow or John Thomas. 

Tahattawan's son referred to by Eliot, John Tahattawan, 
was one of the signers to "An agrement mad betwene the In- 
genes of mashoba and the Town of concord" dated "20 of the 
10 mo. 1660 " and if the record on Concord books is an exact 
copy, both he and John Thomas signed their own names, while 
seven other Indians made marks, but the fact that John Thomas 
in 1714 signed a deed by mark, and also that the word " and " 
occurs between these two signatures on the record would tend to 
show that perhaps there is an inaccuracy in the record and all 
may have made marks. 

This "agrement" of 1660 conveyed land which was after- 
wards known as Concord's second grant. 

John Tahattawan died before 1670, and left a widow Sarah, 
daughter of Sagamore John of the Wamesits, and children, a 
daughter Sarah, otherwise called Kehonosquaw, and a young son 
who was killed at the age of 12 years, Nov. 15, 1675 at Wamesit, 
near Lowell, when a party of fourteen armed men of Chelmsford 
went to the Indian camp and wantonly fired upon them in re- 
taliation for the burning of a barn of which the Indians were sus- 
pected. Five women and children were wounded, among whom 
was the boy's mother Sarah, who was then a widow for the 
second time, having had as her second husband Oonamog, ruler 
of the praying Indians at Marlborough. In my " Historical 
Sketch " I made the error of confusing Sarah the widow of John 
Tahattawan with his daughter Sarah or Kehonosquaw. 


After the death of John Tahattawan, Pennakennit or Penna- 
hannit was the chief of the Nashobah Indians, and was also 
" marshal general " of all the praying Indian towns and attended 
court at Natick. He was also called Capt. Josiah, and was no 
doubt the last who could be called Sachem of the Nashobahs, as 
he is spoken of by Gookin as chief in 1674, and in the year fol- 
lowing the settlement was broken up by King Philip's war. 

Of the fifty or sixty living here at that time, only a few re- 
turned here after the war. The most of those who survived the 
starvation and exposure on Deer Island went to Natick after be- 
ing released. 

Waban, as before stated, married Tassansquaw, the eldest 
daughter of old Tahattawan, and is supposed to have originally 
been of this vicinity, though it is not by any means certain; his 
name is also spelled Waaubon or Waubon, and according to 
Samuel Gardner Drake, signified "wind." He is said to have 
been about the same age as Rev. John Eliot and consequently 
was born about 1604. 

Winthrop says that Eliot in beginning his labors among the 
Indians in 1646, preached " one week at the wigwam of one 
Wabon, a new sachem near Watertown mill, and the other or 
next week in the wigwam of Cutshamekin near Dorchester mill." 

Being Eliot's first convert to Christianity and a man of 
much strength of characler, Waban was of great assistance in 
gaining the good will and attention of other Indians and was 
recognized as a powerful man both by the white people and by 
the Indians, both Christians and those hostile in King Philip's 

An instance of this is shown in the letters from Sam Sachem 
and other Indians begging for peace, printed by Samuel Gardner 
Drake. The first one dated July 6, 1676 is "superscribed" 
"To all Englishmen and Indians, all of you hear Mr. Waban, Mr. 
Eliott," and the addresses of three of these letters include Waban's 


Waban was of Natick in 1674 and the chief man there when 
Gookin wrote in that year, adding " He is a person of great pru- 
dence and piety: I do not know any Indian that excels him." 

He was alive as late as March 19, 1684, at which date he 
signed by mark the first of sixteen Natick Indians who sent a 
letter to Mr. Gookin inviting him to lecture, and is said to have 
died at Natick the summer following. 

Waban's son, Thomas Waban of Natick, signed in 17 14, a 
deed to the heirs of Col. Peter Bulkeley and Maj. Thomas Hinch- 
man of half of Nashobah plantation. I own the original docu- 
ment, showing Thomas Waban's signature in a good hand. Two 
other Indians who signed by mark were John Thomas and John 
Thomas, jr., also of Natick. 

The town records of Natick were written at one time by 
Thomas Waban in the Indian language, and it is said he was also 
a justice of the peace and once issued a warrant as follows : 

" You you big constable ; quick you catchum Jeremiah Offs- 
cow ; strong you holdum ; safe you bringum afore me, Thos. 
Waban, Justice peace." 

A story is told by Samuel Gardner Drake of Waban, which 
may perhaps more properly be told of his son, as follows : A 
young justice asked Waban what he would do when Indians got 
drunk and quarrelled ; he replied " Tie um all up, and whip um 
plaintiff, and whip um fendant, and whip um witness." 

Thomas Waban's Indian name was Weegramomenh, as we 
learn from the deed to Hon. Peter Bulkeley of Concord and Maj. 
Thomas Henchman of Chelmsford dated June 15, 1686 convey- 
ing half of Nashobah plantation. At that time the Indian's 
could not legally sell, but were afterward given permission by 
the General Court to do so, which accounts for the second deed 
of the same land in 17 14, previously referred to. 

John Thomas or Naanishcow who married one of old Tahat- 
tawan's daughters is referred to by Gookin as follows : 

" Their teacher [i. e. at Nashobah] is named John Thomas, 



a sober and pious man. His farther wasmurthered by theMaquas 
in a secret manner, as he was fishing for eels at his wear, some 
years since, during the war. He was a pious and useful person, 
and that place sustained a great loss in him." By " teacher" he 
meant minister. John Thomas had sons, Solomon or Naashke- 
nomenit and John Thomas, jr. The relationships I have men- 
tioned will be better understood if arranged in a genealogical 


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Several of these relationships I established by the signatures 
to the deed of June 15, 1686, to Bulkeley and Henchman, and 
there also signed that deed, " Nuckommewosk, relict of Crooked 
Robin," " Natahoonet" and " Wunnuhhew alias Sarah, wife to 
Neepanum alias Tom Dublet," from which I infer they may have 
been also descendants of old Tahattawan. 

Other Nashobah Indians were Nssquan, Merchant Thomas 
or Marchant Thorns, Wabatut, Great James Natocotus a blind 
man, Pompant, Gomps and " Mr. John Sagamore" who was the 
father of Sarah the wife of Tom Dublet. 

Tom Dublet, otherwise called Neepanum or Nepanet, was a 
Nashobah Indian who deserves great honor for the distinguished 
service he rendered the colony in treating with the hostile 
Indians at the close of King Philip's war. With the other 
Christian Indians of this place, though with possibly one or two 
exceptions they were all loyal to the colony, he had been in 
violation of all justice and without proper authority confined on 
one of the islands in Boston harbor. 

There was little ground for suspecting them, but it was 
deemed prudent by the Governor and Council to place them un- 
der restraint, and by an arrangement made through Maj. Willard, 
Capt. Gookin and Mr. Eliot who knew and understood the good 
Indians of Nashobah they had been placed in care of John Hoar 
of Concord, a good friend to them, who had built a large work 
house (Hoar referred to it as a fort) for them near his own dwell- 
ing which stood as Gookin says ''about the midst of the town 
and very nigh the town watch house," etc. For a more full quo- 
tation from Gookin see my " Historical Sketch." 

This was a good arrangement, but there are always people 
who will not let well enough alone but must continually meddle, 
and there were such in Concord in 1675. 

Samuel Mosley, who had learned ferocity as a West Indian 
buccaneer and had been commissioned as a captain and sent out 


to fight the hostile Indians, was sent for by these busy meddlers. 
In violation of the order of the Governor and Council, Mosley 
seized these fifty-eight Nashobah Indians and marched them off 
to Deer Island — his men meanwhile plundering them. 

When it was desired to treat with the hostile Indians it was 
from there that Tom Dublet was brought in the spring of 1676 
and consented at the risk of his life to make a journey into the 
wilderness in behalf of the Governor and Council. 

Philip and many other Indians were then encamped on or 
near Wachusett mountain. Tom Dublet set out alone April 3, 
1676, his special mission being to arrange for the release of 
prisoners, particularly the family of Rev. Mr. Rowlandson of 
Lancaster. He returned on the 12th bringing a letter from the 
sachems in which they declined to treat with one man, but offered 
to do so with two. Thereupon another Nashobah Indian, Peter 
Tatatiquinea, alias Conway, was sent with Tom Dublet and after 
returning again with letters, upon their second expedition to the 
same place accompanied by John Hoar they brought home Mrs. 
Rowlandson to Lancaster. 

Again Tom Dublet was sent with Seth Perry to treat for 
the ransom of other prisoners, and still again as interpreter with 
Messrs. Peter Gardner, Daniel Chamney and Jonathan Prescott 
for the same purpose when they met the sachems by appointment 
" betwene Concord and Groaten," no doubt in this vicinity at or 
near Dublet's home and ransomed "old Goodman Morse of 

For all this important service for the state in which Dublet 
proved himself brave, faithful and discreet, after waiting eight 
years and petitioning for compensation, the Council voted him 
the munificent reward of two coats ! 

Joel Proctor used to relate traditions of Tom Dublet, saying 
that his hut was located near Mr. Proctor's house, and just across 
the street, that he was a good and tractable Indian, always 


friendly to white people provided they did not disturb him or fish 
in his " hole " a short distance down the brook. The fragments 
of an Indian pot presented to the Reuben Hoar Library by Mr. 
Proctor, he said were supposed to be Tom Dublet's pot. 

Sarah Dublet, no doubt the same who was Tom's wife, was 
mentioned in the act of incorporation of this town in 1714, which 
says, "And that Five hundred Acres of Land be reserved and 
laid out for the Benefit of any of the Descendants of the Indian 
Proprietors of the Said Plantation, that may be surviving ; A 
Proportion thereof to be for Sarah Doublet alias Sarah Indian." 
In accordance therewith the " Indian New-town " or " Indian 
farm " was laid out in that year. 

In 1734, Sarah Doublet, according to Shattuck's History of 
Concord, was the only heir to this 500 acres, " and being then 
old and blind and committed to the care of Samuel Jones of Con- 
cord she petitioned for liberty to sell it to pay her maintenance;" 
and it was granted for that purpose to Elnathan and Ephraim 
Jones of whom the latter sold to Tenney. 

It is worthy of note that as the registry of deeds gives the 
deed of June 15, 1686 to Bulkeley and Henchman, Wunnuhhew 
(that is Sarah Dublet) was the only one who did not sign by 
mark, and her name is put first, while on March 6, 1684-5 both 
Tom Dublet and his wife had signed by mark, (the latter being 
given as Sarah Indian) a deed to the Willard family of 1000 acres 
in what is probably now Rutland, Mass. 

James Speen or Spean was one of the Nashobah Indians, 
and his name is retained to this day in " Speen's field " and 
" Speen's End," it being the northerly end of Fort Pond. The 
late Francis P. Knowlton stated in one of his articles in the 
Lowell Mail, published in June, 1886, that on one of Rev. John 
Eliot's visits to this place about the year 1652, he preached " and 
James Speen with his Indian choir sung a psalm," not stating 
his authority for this interesting item. 


Samuel G. Drake says that James Speen was among those 
whom Philip had hired some to kill; also James Speen was 
among those who sold land in Marlboro to Capt. Gookin and 
others in 1677. Whether these were all the same man and our 
Speen, I am unable to say ; but I think very probably they were. 

Rev. Edmund Foster in his historical sermon delivered in 
181 5 says : 

"At the south-easterly part of the town and on the northerly 
side of a pond lying there, the Indians erected and maintained a 
fort, which gave to the waters adjoining, the name of Fort Pond. 
The fort was built on an elevated spot of ground, occupied and 
improved by the Indians, according to their manner of cultivation. 
The principal owner, or oldest possessor of this plot of ground, 
was an Indian by the name of Spean ; and the land is known to 
this day by the name of Spean's field. 

"The oldest apple tree in the memory of the inhabitants of 
Littleton, and probably the first grown in the town, was found 
standing in this field. Though it bore the marks of age and of 
some partial decay, yet it remained alive and continued to bear 
fruit till the twenty-third day of September, 1815, when it was 
blown down by the violent gale on that memorable day." 

Francis Flagg, now eighty-three years old, and who formerly 
owned that portion of the land known as " Speen's field," tells 
me that the cellar-hole on the side hill north-east of the pond and 
near the spring, was where Speen lived. He has also pointed 
out to me where stood the apple tree mentioned by Rev. Mr. 
Foster in Speen's field at the foot of the hill and on the north 
side of a partially sunken wall. We therefore see that Mr. Fos- 
ter positively locates the fort as on elevated ground northerly 
from the pond, in Speen's field, and the same field in which the 
apple tree stood, and Mr. Flagg positively locates the tree. 

Does it not then seem certain that Speen's cellar-hole and 
the location of the fort are one and the same ? It is true that 


traditions differ as to the location of the fort, but I find more in 
favor of the cellar-hole on the side hill near the spring than for 
any other spot. 

It must be remembered that the oldest Indians lived in 
Nashobah from 1646 and earlier to 1675, that a very few returned 
and Sarah Dublet was the last one, old and feeble, when the In- 
dian farm was sold in 1734. Therefore no Indians lived here of 
right after that date. It is certain, however, that Indians were 
here at times until about the beginning of the present century. 
Elbridge Marshall remembers a tall Indian named Hennessy or 
Henderson who used to come and go, and lived near the pond. 
Others now living or recently deceased remembered Indians, or 
had seen their ovens and traces of huts near the pond, on the 
" island " as we call the hard land surrounded by water and 
swamp, and on or near the flat ledge where the mountain cran- 
berry grows, but it must be remembered that these later Indians 
were squatters, who came and went by suffrance, and I believe I 
can suggest a good reason why they camped on the island near 
the pond. Their ancient burying-ground was there — somewhere 
— I am unable to locate the spot, but the late Jeremiah A. Tuttle 
told me it was " between the brook and the swamp," and I made 
a note of it at the time. 

I want any information which can be gathered to help locate 
that burying-ground. Indians had great veneration for their 
ancestors and were in the habit, if I am not mistaken, of lament- 
ing at their graves. That to my mind explains why the later 
Indians camped where they did, and I cannot believe that the 
more ancient and permanent (if it is allowable to use the word 
at all of such a wandering race) Indians who built the fort 
would build it where they would be obliged to drink and use 
pond water, when there was such a fine spring on the hillside. 

I will close with another quotation from Daniel Gookin's 
** Historical Collections of the Indians in New England," and as 


I read it keep in mind Speen's field with its scattered apple trees 
now standing there and the former tree mentioned by Rev. Mr. 
Foster. Gookin says of Nashobah, 

" In this village, as well in other old Indian plantations, 
they have orchards of apples whereof they make cider, which 
some of them have not the wisdom and grace to use for their 
comfort, but are prone to abuse unto drunkenness. 

"And although the laws be strict to suppress this sin, and 
some of their own rulers are very careful and zealous in the 
execution of them, yet such is the madness and folly of man 
naturally, that he doth eagerly pursue after that which tendeth 
to his own destruction. 

" I have often seriously considered what course to take to 
restrain this beastly sin of drunkenness among them ; but hither- 
to cannot reach it. For if it were possible, as it is not, to pre- 
vent the English selling them strong drink ; yet they, having a 
native liberty to plant orchards and sow grain, as barley and the 
like, of which they may and do make strong drink that doth 
inebriate them, so that nothing can overcome and conquer this 
exorbitancy but the sovereign grace of God in Christ, which is 
the only antidote to prevent and mortify the poison of sin." 

Herbert Joseph Harwood. 

Trees of Littleton. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society September 2, 1895, 
by Frank Bigelow Priest. 

Evidently no organized attempt was made to improve our 
streets with trees until about 1862. At this time a Tree Associa- 
tion was formed, with Haywood Hartwell, president, John W. 
Adams, secretary, and Shattuck Hartwell, vice-president. The 
first meeting was held May 1, 1862, and one hundred and six 
trees were set out on the public ways of Littleton, including elm, 
ash, rock maple, white pine, horse-chestnut, etc. Article I of 
their Constitution was, " Its object shall be, Planting trees by the 
public way; or other improvements deemed necessary by the 
directors." The last meeting of the Tree Association of which we 
have any record, was held at the old brick school-house May 1, 

The work done by the Tree Association included the plant- 
ing of nearly all the trees in and around the three commons at 
the Old Common, also the row of elms on what is now called 
Shattuck Street, and the pine trees in the old cemetery at the 
Common. A few of the larger trees near Mr. Hartwell's were 
put out before the association was formed, while he was a boy at 

In front of Edward Fletcher's is a very large buttonwood, 
which Joel Proctor said was larger eighty-five years ago than 
now ; its branches spreading more. He thought it was at least 
two hundred years old. 


The maple trees in front of Mrs. Jeremiah A. Tuttle's place to 
Mrs. J. S. Jacobs' were set out by E. A. Cox and George 
Knowlton, about 1867. The small elm in this row, in front of 
F. B. Priest's, was set out by Mrs. J. C. Houghton in 1891. 

The maples in front of Albert Smith's were set out in i860 
by Jacob Priest and Mr. Hosmer. The maple in front of Mrs. 
Jacobs', on the opposite side of the street, directly in the side- 
walk, was set out by direction of Mrs. Eri Rogers, previous to her 
death in 1855. 

In a letter dated August 23, 1895, from Dr. J. H. Robinson, 
formerly of Littleton, now ot Worcester, Mass., he says : 

" I think it was in the spring of 1868, I canvassed the town 
for funds for the Tree Association. I raised thirty-three dollars 
besides promises of labor in setting these out. I purchased one 
hundred trees, of maples and a few elms (I think there were two 
kinds of maples), and many others brought trees themselves from 
the woods; so in all we set out one hundred and sixty-five trees 
that day. We replaced many between the Old Common and the 
Centre that had died. All the trees at the Centre around the 
little common on both sides, from Mrs. White's, by Mrs. Mead's, 
a few up the street towards Everett Kimball's and beyond, where 
a few had died, were replaced near Jacob Priest's. All the trees 
from the corner of my place toward the depot with the exception 
of five or six elms by Mr. Fletcher's place, were set out. Most 
of the elms on the west side of the street by Capt. Todd's land, 
Capt. Todd and I brought from the woods and set out. 

"The work was continued down as far as the brook, and a 
number were set out down by Mr. F. P. Knowlton's place. In fact, 
many trees were set out, that year and the next, all over town by 
individuals against their premises. There was a good attendance 
of both ladies and gentlemen. The ladies provided an excellent 
dinner at the hall, and after dinner, we had speeches from Rev. 
Mr. Vorse, Rev. Mr. Loomis and others, and a general good 
time. I am sorry I cannot give you more details." 


The ash and maple trees, one on either side of the Unitarian 
church, were set out in 1890, at the solicitation of Rev. W. I. 
Nichols. The large elm near Dr. Phelps' was set out by Capt. 
Kidder about 1810. 

In the south end, no concerted attempt was ever made to set 
out trees, and yet they have some of the finest trees in town ; 
one elm in front of Thomas Cote's (formerly the Dea. Wood 
place) being the largest tree in town as far as I know. There 
are also large elms in front of the Ford place, Henry T. Taylor and 
the Tobin places, and the site of the Deacon John Hartwell 
house. The most prominent tree in that part of the town is the 
large poplar, in or near Liberty Square, towering like a church 
spire above all others on that hill. 

Amos H. Knowlton writes of the trees in the west end as 
follows : 

" If anyone has any doubts as to the efficacy of a little con- 
certed action by a few people toward beautifying a town or vil- 
lage, we would advise them to look into the history of the west 
part of Littleton, as far as tree setting is concerned. Forty 
years ago there was hardly a shade tree in this section of the 
town; but very soon thereafter a few of our citizens thought 
it about time to make some effort to beautify this section, so P. 
C. Edwards, George Patch, J. A. Kimball and others, talked the 
matter over and formed a sort of Village Improvement Society. 
Mr. Edwards offered to furnish as many trees as would be set 
out, others offered their services, and as a result, some very fine 
rock maples were set out as follows : on Harwood Avenue, from 
where Mr. McDonald now lives to P. McNiff's, at that time the 
end of the road ; around the depot to the Frank Sanderson 
place; part way up the road to Mr. Eastman's, and down King 
Street to J. A. Kimball's. 

"This movement towards beautifying the streets resulted in 
many people setting out trees on their own grounds. In Mr. 


Patch's place and the one adjoining, owned at that time by Mr. 
Edwards, there was scarcely a shrub to be seen. 

" In addition to exerting an influence upon local people, it 
incited the Centre folks, and in a year or two they followed the 
good example. As a result, we have most of the older shade 
trees now beautifying our streets. When the so-called Harwood 
road was built, Joseph A. Harwood very generously furnished and 
set the trees that now adorn that road. Whitcomb Avenue was 
equipped in the same manner. Consequently these avenues are 
now and will be among the most attractive of our highways, as 
far as shade trees are concerned. 

"In spite of all this work, there were several spots not filled 
by trees in this section, so three or four years ago W. L. Kim- 
ball collected quite a sum from the west end people, and superin- 
tended the setting of one hundred and fifty to one hundred and 
seventy-five maples, pretty well covering this section of the town. 
We would recommend for this part of the town, as well as 
others, that some movement be taken to improve and beautify 
some of the many little squares that abound, instead of leaving 
them in a slack and untidy sort of a way." 

When we consider that, in the spring of 1868, the Tree 
Association, after various entertainments in the winter, and hav- 
ing collected money all over town, set out only one hundred and 
sixty-five trees, you will begin to appreciate the work done by 
the Hon. J. A. Harwood when I tell you he has set out one 
thousand four hundred and thirty-eight strictly ornamental trees, 
consisting of sixty-five varieties, a list in his hand writing being 
in my possession. They consist in part of maples from near 
Charles F. Flagg's, in a double row nearly a mile to Elmer Flagg's ; 
and on Harwood Avenue, from the woods on the east of Foster 
Street nearly to the depot the balance being in his own private 

The two large elms in Mr. Harwood's grounds were set out 


by his grandfather, Capt. Joseph Harwood, one hundred and 
forty-four years ago. 

Among other individual efforts, Gardner Prouty has set 
trees the entire length of his land on Goldsmith Street, besides 
those on his own grounds. 

On and around the old Fletcher homestead near Shaker Lane, 
D. C. Fletcher and his three brothers set out many shade trees, 
including maple, oak, elm and butternut, many of which are now 
standing, and are very large trees. 

A familiar sight in our village in the spring, is Charles P. 
Hartwell carrying shade trees in his buggy, to be set out in 
various locations. 

It is to be hoped that in the near future, our town will adopt 
the Act for the preservation of trees on public highways; that 
not only the trees that have been set out may be marked for 
preservation, but trees of natural growth may be left standing. 

Frank B. Priest. 

Our Great Elm. 

Read at a meeting of the Society, September 2, 1895, 
by Edward Frost. 

James Russell Lowell, poet-lover of New England, easily 
foremost in discerning and setting forth features of New England 
life, and equally at home in contemplation of the beauties of New 
England scenery, has sung to us of 

" — the charms 
"Of her old homesteads and embowered farms." 

Throughout New England, and notably in Massachusetts, still 
more notably in the northerly and more retired sections of old 
Middlesex County, are many charming bits of pastoral landscape, 
well worthy the verse of the poet, or the brush of the artist. 

The various views of our own Beaver Brook intervales that 
are afforded from adjoining eminences lying east or west, north 
or south, under lights varying with the season of the year, the 
hour of the day, or capricious and fleeting atmospheric condi- 
tions, are such as might abundantly supply the landscapist with 
" motives" worth turning to account ; so many and various, as 
would easily fill his portfolio with sketches, and long employ his 
hand in transferring them to canvas. 

Among these views let me mention that which opens before 
the observer as he reaches and descends the gentle western 
declivity of our main street, where it leaves the centre of the 


town. The highway, bordered and shaded with well grown trees, 
sweeps onward with graceful sinuosities, contormable alike to the 
requirements of use and beauty. At each step of the descent, 
and in crossing the lower levels, the groupings and perspectives 
take on new aspects, all beautiful ; new vistas open to stimulate 
the attention and delight the eye. 

But we must not wander too far into description of the 
scenery which forms only the setting of our principal subjecl — 
" Our Great Elm." A name worthy to be named with emphasis, 
and printed in commanding capitals. This once famous tree is 
now, unhappily, no longer a part of the landscape which we have 
just attempted to outline, and which it formerly adorned and 
dominated. May these brief notes, prepared by request, but very 
willingly, answer the intended purpose of transmitting its 
memory to posterity. 

In my youth and early manhood, I was much interested in 
observing the shapely form and magnificent dimensions of this 
noble elm, which some (perhaps I might say, many) here present 
will doubtless well remember. It stood near the old well, in the 
yard east of and adjoining the old-time dwelling-house, now 
owned and resided in by Mr. Felch, previously owned and occu- 
pied by his father-in-law, John Dix Warren, whose widow also 
resides there at the present time. (The house is of considerable 
antiquity, and some historical notes relating to its earlier occu- 
pants, it is hoped, will some day be written out.) 

Prior to Mr. Warren's occupancy, and when I was absent in 
other parts, I think in the earlier " fifties," this elm was cut 
down. Its heavy branches, weakened by age, were a constant 
menace to the safety of the dwellers beneath. Artificial sup- 
ports, consisting of long and heavy bolts, transversely connecting 
each of the principal limbs to its opposite, had been put in, to 
preserve it as long as possible. But its condition no longer war- 
ranted faith in their sufficiency ; the day had come for its down- 


fall ! Hundreds of miles away I learned with deep regret of the 
decision, when it had been finally reached, to remove the tree. 

In his serio-comic account of a similar affair, Holmes takes 
occasion to say, "A native of that region saw fit to build his 
house very near it, and, having a fear that it might blow down 
some time or other and exterminate him, also laboring under the 
delusion that human life is under all circumstances to be pre- 
ferred to vegetable existence, had the great poplar cut down. It 
is so easy to say, It is only a tree ! and so much harder to replace 
its living presence than to build a granite obelisk." 

Yet as regards our great elm there was no lack of reverent 
regard or proper sentiment. Its removal was a long and labor- 
ious task, every way unwelcome, but indispensable. The whole 
neighborhood shared with the proprietors a sense of desolation, 
and irretrievable calamity, when axe and saw had done their 
destroying work, and this monarch among its kind lay prostrate, 
reduced to firewood. 

So passed away this magnificent tree, with its enormously 
large, lofty, and far spreading branches, upholding the great 
green dome of summer foliage in its season ; or, bared of verdure, 
and suggestive of huge strong arms stripped for recurrent wrest- 
lings with November gales; sometimes, again, enswathed in cling- 
ing snow-flakes, or ice-covered in marvellous frost-work and 
glittering all over, to the outermost twigs, in brilliant vari-colored 
reflections of winter sunshine ; at all times a towering and impres- 
sive object, lifting its huge bulk against the horizon, and domin- 
ating the whole surrounding landscape, from whatever direction 

Its girth of trunk at the smallest diameter was eighteen feet, 
by actual measurement ; the stump left by the cutting was much 
larger. Had I been thoughtful enough at the time I might have 
caused to be counted the rings of annual growth displayed upon 
the great flat surface of the stump, left smooth by the saw. Its 


massive and spreading claws for years succeeding maintained 
their clutch upon the ground, in which they had spread out and 
grown into huge buttresses of the central column, during all 
those uncounted years of its long life. No visible trace, even of 
these, is left to-day. 

The Great Elm is gone, and the place thereof shall know it 
no more forever — though a crowding family of aspiring successors 
(its seedlings, presumably) now occupy and extend its site, with 
an aspect suggestive of an island or oasis, of verdure and restful 
shade, contrasting very effectively with the open meadows and 
harvest fields by which it stands encircled. 

The subjoined lines, entered " My Grandmother's Elm," 
inspired by this author's early associations with this notable tree, 
are now recalled. For other traditional matter thereon, reference 
may be had to the "Historical Sketch of the Town of Littleton, 
Mass." by H. J. Harwood, incorporated in a " History of Middle- 
sex County, Etc." 

Edward Frost. 

My Grandmothers Elm. 

Found in the Ladies Magazine of June 1830 and read to 

the Society yune 17, 1896, 

by Dr. E. Y. White. 

If ever you visit my native town, 

Will you seek out the vale where the mill stream comes down ? 

Even the villagers' children will point you the road 

And the very old house where my grandsire abode. 

But the pride of the vale I wish you to see, 
Is my Grandmother's Elm, the old mammoth tree. 
How widely its graceful and spherical crown 
Flings over the valley a shadow of brown. 

When the fierce south-easter was raging by — 
Filling with clamor the gentle blue sky — 
Then a lofty branch like a forest oak, 
From the noble old tree by its fury was broke. 

Oft my grandmother told us, as pondering we stood, 
How, three score years since, from the neighboring wood, 
She carried that elm in her little right hand, 
And her father planted it firm in the land. 

Her grave is grown smooth on the green hill-side, 
But the elm still lives in its towering pride, 
And the gayest spring birds have a colony there, 
And they gladden with carols the mid-summer air. 

And gay as the wild -bird's melody 
Are the sports I have had beneath that tree — 
The Old Elm Tree — Oh, would it were mine, 
In the shade of that tree even now to recline ! 

{Marian Dix Sullivan) 

Correspondence Upon the Meaning of the 
Indian Name Nashobah. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, September 2, 1895. 

Castleton, Vermont, March 2, 1885. 
Herbert J. Harwood, Esq. 

Dear Sir: — Your letter of the 25th ult., and a copy of the Guidon 
containing your historical article were duly received. I was very 
glad to get them. 

I have been investigating the origin of the word Neshobe in Rut- 
land County for several years past, but could get no clue to it until 
I accidently came across the name of the hill in connection with Rev. 
John Elliott's [Eliot] missionary work. I then turned to Hemenway's 
Vt. Gazetteer and there learned that Capt. Josiah Powers, who was 
the principal mover in the chartering of the town (now called Brandon) 
of Neshobe in 1761, was from Greenwich, Mass., and a native of 
Littleton, Mass. This, to my mind, explained the origin of the 
charter name Neshobe. 

Capt. Powers early bought up many of the rights of the original 
proprietors of that town which proved him to be the main man in the 
land scheme, and learning from the Powers Genealogy, printed in 
Chicago, that he was born on Neshobah hill in Littleton, where he 
was reared and had learned to love the place, it is fair to presume 
that he furnished the name for his selected town, and Governor 
Wentworth chartered it as Neshobe, which name it bore for twenty- 
three years. 

When Thompson wrote the Green Mountain Boys, he came into 
this section and learned of many points to .aid him in his story. 


Neshobe had long been forgotten as the original name of Brandon, 
so he picked it up and adopted it as the name of his fictitious Indian 
scout and guide to the Green Mountain heroes. To make it more 
Indian-like he spelled it Neshobee. 

Neshobe is now applied to a small stream in the town of Brandon, 
and the most learned of that town believe it is an Indian term for 
clear water, which is untrue . 

On July 4, 1881, there was a monstrous celebration on the shore 
of Lake Bombazine in this town, when the Rutland County Histori- 
cal Society named the island, in that lake, Neshobe. Since which 
time there has been much discussion about the derivation of the 
word. All this controversy and fun which we have had over the 
matter, has served to fasten the name firmly on the island. 

It has been firmly asserted that Neshobe was an Indian chief in 
this locality, and others as firmly deny it. Had no discussion arose 
I dare say the name would have been forgotten by this time. 

In writing to J. Hammond Trumbull, of Hartford, Conn., I learn 
its meaning. He says it means double water. This definition applies 
exactly to your locality, a place between two ponds ; and I see that 
the matter is referred to in your valuable article in the Guidon. 

In order to clear up all this history, I wish you could send to our 
Society all the papers and pamphlets bearing upon it. I would like 
everything pertaining to your town . 

I learn that you are having a new history of your town revised, 
and I hope it will be a success and fully accomplished. 

The sculptor Hiram Powers descended from the Powers of 
your town. My wife's father was an intimate acquaintance and first 
cousin of his. He is now about eighty years of age, and relates 
many anecdotes of his youthful days and plays with him. 

Very respectfully, 

John M. Currier. 


Castleton, Vermont, March 10, 1885. 
Herbert J. Harwood, Esq. 

Dear Sir : — Yours of the 6th was duly received. 

I thank you for the information you have given me about the 
history of Neshobe. 

I herewith send you an exact copy of those paragraphs in Mr. 
Trumbull's letters relating to the definition and origin of the word 

Should you, however, ever use these extracts in print you had 
better allow me to read the proof and compare it with the original. 

The first quotation refers to the origin of the name of the county 
in the State of Mississippi, Nashoba. 

I fear that Mr. Trumbull was rather hasty in his conclusion 
about the origin of this county's name, yet he may be right. I would 
not dare to make a statement about such matters until I had investi- 
gated its origin. 

This is the last and only word applied to places that has the 
resemblance to the word Neshobe, that I have got to investigate 
before making my report to the Rutland County Historical Society. 

It would not be strange if some Littleton man went to Mississippi 
and became influential enough to give that county its name. This 
will be a good work for you to do to find who of the early settlers 
went from your town. 

I send you some of the names of the early settlers of Brandon. 
Capt. Josiah Powers, of Greenwich, Mass., originally from Littleton. 
Dr. Benjamin Powers, his brother from the same place. Amos Cutler 
from Hampton, Conn. John Conant from Ashburton, [Ashburnham ?] 
Mass. Elisha Strong, Noah Strong, John Ambler, Capt. Nathan 
Daniels, Dea. Jedediah Winslow, John Whelan, Dea. John Mott, Samuel 
Mott, Nathaniel Fisk, Capt. Thomas Tuttle, George and Aron Robins, 
Joseph Barker, Dr. Nathaniel Sheldon, Jonathan Ferris, Philip Bacon, 
Gideon Horton, John Sutherland, Major Gideon, Joshua Goss, Dea. 
Edward Cheney, George Olds, David Jacobs, Simeon Bigelow, Moses 
Barnes, Josiah and Nathan Parmenter, Zephaniah Hack from Green- 
wich, Mass., Jonathan Stearns. 


The above names were from Connecticut or Massachusetts, only 
the two Powers were from Littleton, as given in Hemenway's 

If you can find me a perfect copy of the Middlesex Gazetteer, 
I wish you would inform me of its cost, etc. We would like one in 
our society work. 

Very respectfully, 

John M. Currier, 
Secretary Rutland County Historical Society. 

Extracts from a letter from y. Hammond Trumbull, of Hartford, Conn., 
to yohn M. Currier, Secretary of the Rutland County 
Historical Society, Castleton, Vt., yuly 4, 1882. 

"I cannot tell you the meaning of Neshobe ; but I can say con- 
fidently that it does not mean * clear water,' and that it has no connec- 
tion with the name of Neshoba County, Miss." 

" Neshobe seems to represent one of two Indian names, meaning 
respectively, ' double pond (or ponds)' and ' half way pond ' (or 
water). I do not know the topography of Brandon, or the location 
and shape of its ponds. 

If there is any 'double pond' in the neighborhood, spectacle- 
shaped — or, two ponds near together — I have little doubt that the 
first interpretation I have suggested is the correct one." 

Under date of November 12, 1884, he further says : 
" From your statement it appears highly probable that Neshobe 
was brought to Rutland County from Littleton, Mass., with a slight 
change of form." 

" The name of the village of praying Indians near Nagog Pond, 
in the present limits of Littleton, was variously written : Nashope, 
by John Eliot in 1670. Nashobah, by Gookin (see Archaeologia 
Americana, Vol. II, p. 435); by others Nashope; and in Massachu- 


setts Records, III, 348, Nashop (if my memorandum, which I have 
not now leisure to verify, is correct)." 

" As to the meaning of the name, I cannot speak confidently, 
except to say that as written by Eliot and Gookin, it cannot mean 
double pond, or ponds, but may mean half-way pond (or water), or 
water between other ponds. 

Nish or Neesh in compound names usually signifies ' two ' or 
1 double,' Nash — Nashua, etc., ' between ' or ' half-way.' 

Reminiscences of the Civil War. 

Read at a Meeting of the Society, November 2, 1895, 
by Daniel C. Fletcher. 

I have been requested by the president of the society to pre- 
pare and read a paper about the war. I shall confine my atten- 
tion mostly to history ; I will go back to California, in the years 
1858 and 1859. At that time and before, the political excitement 
in California ran very high, especially on the question of slavery. 
It was talked about everywhere in the state, on the street, in the 
stores and in the miner's cabin. The ministers discussed the 
subject publicly, and those from the south upheld slavery. One 
of our company was formerly a cotton speculator in New Orleans. 
He had traveled about the country, north and south, and was well 
informed on his side of the subject. He said the best hotel he 
was ever in was in Boston. He was for slavery, and for seces- 
sion, if necessary, to maintain it. He said that he wanted Lincoln 
elected, because in that event the South would unite to secede, 
but that they could not secede if Douglas was elected, because 
there were a great many Douglas men in the south. He said 
there would be war if Lincoln was elected. The more we talked 
about slavery, the farther apart we were. At last he said he 
would meet me on the battlefield some day. I told him I 
thought the conservative men of the nation, with such leaders as 
John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, Edward Everett, Stevens, of 
Georgia, Sam Houston, of Texas, John Miner Botts, of Virginia, 
and others, would prevent war. None of these men were in the 


war or assisted the rebels, except Stevens of Georgia. All of 
them made speeches in the states where they lived and in their 
state conventions, to stop their states from seceding. I thought 
it would be better to have Douglas or Bell and Everett at the 
head of the nation than Lincoln, if this would prevent war, for 
war was the worst thing we could have except disunion. There- 
fore I voted for Douglas for president. He was as much a union 
man as Lincoln. No nation ever went to war about slavery, and 
why should we? The slaves would have been emancipated in 
some other way, if we had not had war. The first thing to do 
was to prevent war if possible. It is not the loss of money so 
much, although that was a great loss, as it was the loss of the 
noble men who were killed and disabled in the war. If we were 
to have war, it was better for all concerned to have it as short as 
possible. The first thing to do was to find some one to command 
the armies; the best one for the business. There was but one 
man thought of by the great men of the nation, as far as I know, 
and he was General George B. McClellan. His record before 
the war was a brilliant one. After graduating from the 
University of Pennsylvania he went to West Point, graduating 
as second lieutenant of engineers in 1846, the highest grade 
possible there. The same year he went to the Mexican war, 
and served with distinction during the war. He was promoted 
to first lieutenant for gallantry at Churubusco, and captain at 
Chapultepec. He served as assistant instructor of practical 
engineering at West Point until 185 1. He worked for the govern- 
ment building forts, and made exploring expeditions for a route 
for the Pacific Railroad. In the spring of 1855 he was sent by 
the government, with two others, to Europe to study the art of 
war in all its branches. The Crimean war was in operation 
about this time. This was an important field of study for the 
commission. McClellan's report, after the commission returned, 
was highly praised by the military men of the nation. The 


other two I never heard from. In 1857, McClellan resigned his 
commission in the First Cavalry, and was vice-president of the 
Illinois Central Railroad Company. Later he became president 
of the Eastern Division of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad 
Company, at a salary of $10,000 per year. McClellan married 
the daughter of Captain R. B. Marcy, a soldier. The spirit of 
obedience to the call of duty ruled them both alike. Directly 
after Fort Sumter was fired on, the whole country prepared for 
war. Troops were organized and equipped for fight. The 
advice of military men was sought after everywhere, McClellan's, 
among the rest. At that time he was living in Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He had lately been married, and established a home 
of his own for the first time, and his prospects were bright for 
a happy life. While he was giving advice and assistance to 
those who sought it, he received a letter from his friends in New 
York, stating that the governor would like to engage his services, 
and another letter from Governor Curtin, the great war governor 
of Pennsylvania, stating that he would like to have him take 
charge of the Pennsylvania reserves. He promptly arranged his 
business affairs to be gone a short time, and started for Pennsyl- 
vania to see what was best to be done. At the request of some 
gentleman of Cincinnati, he stopped at Columbus to give Gov- 
ernor Dennison some information about the condition of affairs 
in Cincinnati, intending to remain only a few hours, and then 
proceed to Harrisburg. Governor Dennison asked him if he 
would take charge of the Ohio troops. The Legislature being 
in session, the governor caused a bill to be passed in a few 
hours giving the governor power to appoint a major-general 
commanding the Ohio troops. The position was given to 
McClellan and he accepted it, and abandoned his intended trip 
to the east. From that time on he worked unceasingly for the 
Union, till he was relieved from command. He was com- 
missioned major-general of volunteers in Ohio, April 23, 1861. 


On the 14th of May, he was made major-general in the United 
States Army, and placed in the command of the department 
of Ohio, consisting of the states of Ohio, Indiana and Illinoisl, 
After a successful campaign in West Virginia he intended to 
destroy the railroad at Wytheville, which connected Richmond 
with the west, when he was called to Washington and put in 
command of all the armies of the United States. Many impor- 
tant victories occurred while he was commander-in-chief. He was 
afterwards relieved of the command of all the armies and placed 
in command of the Army of the Potomac. After the Peninsula 
campaign his army was ordered back to Washington, and came 
under General Pope. After Pope's defeat McClellan was again 
put in command of the Army of the Potomac, and was successful 
in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, the hardest 
fought battles of the war, when he was again relieved. 

Are we not indebted to McClellan today for a united 
country ? No other general ever defeated General Lee, when he 
had with him all of his best generals — "Stonewall" Jackson, 
Longstreet, Ewell, Stewart, the two Hills and Hood. The defeat 
of the rebels at Antietam made it possible for a victory at Gettys- 
burg. Meade was promoted at Antietam, and afterwards put 
in command of the Army of the Potomac, and retained it to the 
end of the war. 

General McClellan saw what ought to be done to bring the 
war to a speedy end, from the very beginning, and if he had not 
been relieved of the command of the army, the war would have 
ended in 1862 or soon after, and we should have lost but a few 
men in proportion to the rebel loss, and probably the rebels 
would have had to pay the whole cost of the war. In General 
McClellan's West Virginia campaign he defeated the rebel army, 
consisting of eight thousand troops, captured all their artillery 
and baggage trains, killing their commander. The enemy lost 
in killed, wounded and prisoners, one thousand, while McClellan 


less than one hundred. When he fought battles he lost but a 
few men in proportion to what the enemy lost. 

I have given you a history of my old commander in order to 
do justice, in my humble way, to a deserving comrade. I think 
we should try and get the truth about the chief actors of the war 
without prejudice. The books I have on my shelf, next to my 
Bible, are General McClellan's Own Story, General McClellan's 
Reports and Campaigns, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, 
Memoirs of General W. T. Sherman, Campaigns of the Army of 
the Potomac, by Swinton, Reports of the Society of the Army 
of the Potomac, 1879-83, The Poets' Tribute to Garfield, The 
Peninsular Campaign, by General Webb, The Virginia Campaign 
of 1864-5, by General A. A. Humphries, chief Engineer of the 
Army of the Potomac, at one time in command of the three corps, 
and others. By reading the lives of our great generals, written 
by themselves, one gets a more connected account of the war 
than in any other way. 

Daniel C. Fletcher. 


From the Old Bttrying Ground at Littleton Common, copied and 
arranged by George A. Sanderson and Herbert J. Harwood. 

The Epitaphs have been divided into two groups ; the first con- 
sisting of those which may be found on the Easterly side of a straight 
line drawn through the burying ground from the centre of the gateway 
on King street, Northerly along the centre of the path and across the 
Rogers tablet to the Northerly boundary line ; the second consisting 
of those which may be found on the Westerly side of the same line. 
The vertical dash indicates the end of a line on the tomb stone. 

Epitaphs in the Easterly Section of the Burying Ground. 

In memory of | Amos Baker, son of | Daniel Fletcher Baker 
& Eliza*! 1 | his wife. He was born at Con- | cord Nov!' 20 1 . 11 1798 
and died | at Boston April 12" 1 1886. He | was for 40 y'rs. a dea- 
con of I the West Church in Boston | and for 42 y'rs. a successful 
I and beloved instructor of the | young. 

" The task was thine to mould and fashion 
Life's plastic newness into grace ; 
To make the boyish heart heroic, 

And light with thought the maiden's face. 

My beloved Mother | Elizabeth, | wife of Daniel F. Baker, | 
died in Littleton, Mass. | Apr. 28, 18 10. | JEt 33 yrs.4 ms. 23 ds. | 
Erected by Amos Baker. 


Memento mori | Here lyes the Body of | Cap* Joseph Baker 
| who departed this Life | Sep* y e 3 d A D 1761 | in the 66 th 
year j of his Age. 

In memory of | Matilda Baker, daughte 1 ' | of Ebenezer Eaton 
and I Mary his wife, and Relict | of Amos Baker. | Born in Bos- 
ton Nov r 29 th I 1806. Died in Boston Mar. | 26 th 1893. | This to a 
Mother's sacred | Memory. 

Here lies the Body of | M r f Rebekah Baker | the wife of 
M r . William | Baker, who departe d | this Life August I2*f | 1767. 
In the 44^ | Year of her Age. 

In Memory of | Mr. William Baker, | who departed this Life 
March. 13* 1793. | In the 73 d year | of his age. 

In memory of | Mrs. Abigail, | wife of | Mr. Calvin Blanchard 
who died | June 12, 1836, | JEt 79. 

Sacred | To the memory of | Mr. Calvin Blanchard | who 

died I Jan 1 ' 2 d 1800. | Aged 46. 

The swee* remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

Here lies buried | y e Body of | John Blanchard | Son of M r 
Thomas | & Mr s Sarah | Blanchard who | Dec d Octo br 10 th | A. 
D. 1745 Age I 26 years | 10M & 7D. 

Erected | to the memory of | Samuel Bowers, | who died 
Sept. 18, 1798, I JEt. 35. I And to Lucy, his wife; | Buried at 
Charlestown, | Dec. 27, 185 1 | JEt. 90. 

Caroline A. | Daughter of | James H. & | Nancy M. 
Burnham. | died | Sept. 2, 1857, | JEt. 9 mos. 15 days. 


Here Lies | Buried The | Body of Mr8 - Elisabeth | Buttrick 
Wife I Of M r Joseph | Buttrick Who | Dec' d December | y e 8th 
1734 & I ye 36 Year. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Mr. | Joseph Buttrick | Who 
Departed | This Life | November y e 13 th | AD 175 1 | Age 62 
years I 8 M & 3 D s 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Mr Nathan | Chase, 
who departed | this Life April 2c/_ h | 1781. Aged 80 years | 7 
months & 22 days. 

Memento Mori | Here lies the Body of | Elizabeth Cogswell 
I wife of M r Jerimiah | Cogswell, who | Departed this Life | 
December 12 th | 1766 In the 30 th year | of her age. 

Here lies the | Body of Jeremia h | Cogswell son | of M r 
Jeremiah | Cogswell & M rs | Elizebath his | wife, who di e d | 
Jan r 5 th 1777. I In the 14 th year | of his age. 

Memento Mori | Here lies the | Body of Mary | Cogswell 
daug h I -ter of M r Jere- | miah Cogswell | & Mrs. Elizebath | his 
wife who I died Dec 1- 15 th | 1776. In the 15 th | year of her age. 

Here lies buried | y e Body of | Elias Dauis | son of Lieu* | 
Simon & M r9 | Jane Dauis who | Dec d Sptm br 16 th | A.D. 1746 
I Age 4 years | 2 M & 8D 

Here lies Buried | y e body of M. r | Samuel Davis | who 
Dec d I January y e 14 th | A.D. 1739 | Age 67 years. 

Dea. Benjamin Dix | died July 17, 1863, M. 96 yrs. 8 ms. | 
Sarah, | his wife, Feb. 28, 1845, ^E. 75. | Thomas R. | their son, 
Jan. 11, 1804 AL. 6 yrs. 


Memento mori | Here lies y e Body of D r Enoch | Dole of 

Lancaster, JE. 33 years 5 | months & 3 days, he unfortunately 

I fell with 3 others ye 9 th of March | 1776, by a Cannon Ball 

from our | cruel & unnatural Foes y e British | Troops while on 

his Duty on Dorch- | ester Point. 

No Warning giv'n ! Unceremonious fato ! 

A sudden rush from Lifes meridan joys ! 

A wrench from all we are ! from all we love ! 
What a change 

From yesterday ! *Thy darling hope so near 

(Long labourd prize I) Oh how ambition flush d 

Thy glowing cheek ! ambition truly great 

Of virtuous praise 

And Oh ! y e last, last : what (can word express 

Thought reach ?) y e last, last silence of a friend. 

*Meaning his Entrance into Boston which so soon 
took Place & on which his Heart was much set. 

Here | lies the Body | of Eunice Dole | Daughter of M r | 
Joseph and M rs | Rebecca Dole, | who died March | 8 th 1766 
Aged 10 I months & 20 days. 

Here lies Buried | y e Body of | Abigail Dudley | y e Daughter 
of I M r Samuel & Mr s | Abigail Dudley | Who dec d June | y e 16 th 
1740 J Age 6 years 9 M & 3 D 

Here Lies Buried j The Body of Cornet | Samuel Dudley | 
Who Departed this | Life May y e 13 th | Anno Domini 1751 | Age 
45 years | 9 m & 15 D s 

In memory of | Mr. 8 Abagail Dutton, | wife of | Mr James 
Dutton, I who departed this Life | Sep'. 8?. h 1790: In the | 60^ 
year of her age. 

In Memory | Mr. James Dutton | who died | A u gust 14 
1807 I Aged 86 


In I Memory of | MF. 8 Rebecca Dutton | wife of | M* James 
Dutton, I who departed this Life | Feb? 3? 1785 : In | the 59^ 
year of her age. 

The sweet Remembrence of y e just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in 


In Memory of | Mrs Sarah Dutton, | wife of | Mr James 
Dutton, I who died I June 22, 1802. I JE. 79. 

Betsey T. wife of | Jacob G. Elliot | born 1820 | died 1893 

Daniel M. M. Elliot. | Born 1842 | Died 1882 

Jacob G. Elliot | Born 1812 | Died 1852 | ELLIOT 

John E. son of Jacob G. & Betsey T. | Elliot | born 1844 | 
died 1845 

Died Nov r 30. 1817 | Augustus W. Fletcher. | Only child of 
Artemas S. Fletcher and | Sally his wife, | JEt. 13. m? &. 16. d s 
Lord when together, here we meet, 
And taste thy heavenly grace ; 
Thy smiles are so devinely sweet, 
We are loth to leave the place. 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of | Margaret Fletcher | Daugh- 
t r of M r Sam 11 | & M r3 Mary Fletcher | Who Dec d March 6 th | 
A. D. 1752 I Age 7 years | 3 M & 27 D s 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Phebe | Fletcher Daft r of M r 
I Samuel & M rs Mary | Fletcher Died May | ye 12 1759 
Aged I 16 yrs 2 M 8 I & 1 Day. 

Here lies Buried | y e Body of Rebekah | Fletcher 
Daught r I of Mr Sam 11 & M rs | Mary Fletcher | Who Dec d De- 
ce m I y e 1 1. 1 75 1 I Age 1 year | [broken] m & 8 D 8 


Here Lies Buried | ye Body of Sampson | Fletcher Son of 
1YT I Samue] and M rs | Mary Fletcher | who dec d March | ye 
20 th 1752 I Age 3 years | 6 M & 26 D s 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of | Samuel Fletcher y e | Son 
of M r Samuel | & M rs Mary Fletcher | who Decd October | 30 th 
A. D 1749 I Age 19 years | 1 M & 22 

In I memory of | Mrs. Sally Fletcher | wife of Mr. Artemas 
S. Fletcher | who died June 2, 1820, | Aet. 25. 

Hark ! from the tombs, a doleful sound : 
Mine ears, attend the cry 
Ye living men, come view the ground 
Where you must shortly lie. 

Thus sleep the saints & cease to groan 
When Sin and death have done their worst, 
Christ has a glory of his own, 
That waits to clothe their sleeping dust. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Phebe Foster, | Consort of the 
Rev? Edmund Foster: | Ob' July 14, 1812: | aged 50. 
Also of three Infants | Charles, Sally & Maryann. 

" Be followers of them who through faith and 

patience inherit the promises." 

Here lies y e body of | Isaac Gilbert son of | Mr. Jude Gil- 
bert & I Mrs. Abigail his wife | who Died November | y e 12 AD 
1778 I Aged 3 years 8 | months & 14 Days 

Memento mori j Here lies the Body of j M rs Hannah | Gold- 
smith the wife | of M r Richard | Goldsmith, who | departed this 
Life I July the I st 1760, In | the 56 year of her Ag e 

Memento mori | Here lies the Body | of Richard Goldsmith 
I who departed this | Life January 26 th 175 6 | In the 51 st Year 
of I his Age. 


Here | lies the Bod y | of Sarah Goldsmith | Daughter of Mr 
I Richard and M rs | Sarah Goldsmith, | who died Decern 1- | 
29 th A.D. 1766 Aged I 2 Years & i r Days. 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of Thomas | Goldsmith Son of 
M r I Richard & M rs | Hannah Goldsmith | Who Dec d April 7 | 
A. D. 1749 I Age 12 years | 4 M & 10 D s 

In I memory of | Jonathan Dix Goodwin, | son of the late 
Mr. Jon a I & Mrs. Sarah Goodwin of Boston, | who died | Sept. 
8 th 1813 I JEi 7 yr 8 . 

Farewell sweet child a short farewell. 

Memento mori | Here lies Buri'd y e | Body of Miss Mary | 
Harding (Daughter | of MF. Jesse & M? | Mary Harding of | 
Charlestown), she | Died April y e 2i 8t 1781. | In y e 9*? year of 
her I age. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Nancy | Harris 
Daughter | of Mr Robert Harris | and Mehitabel his | wife who 
died I Nov!" io 4 . 11 1768 Aged | 2 years, 3 month, 21 day 8 

Amy Frances, | died Mar. 9, 1851, | ^Et. 1 yr. 8 ms. | Martha 
Maria, | died Apr. 22, 185 1, | ALL 2 ms. 20 ds. | Children of | 
George H. & Mary F. | Hartwell. | 

" The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the 
name of the Lord." 

Anna M. Hartwell | died | Oct. 22, 1864. I ^Et 4 yrs, 1 mo. 
He taketh the lambs. 

Sacred | To the memory of | Mrs. Elizabeth Hartwell, | Con- 
sort of I Doctr. Thomas Hartwell, | who died Febf. 3? 1799. 
" Forbea^ my friends to weep, 

Since death has lost it's sting. 
Those christians that in Jesus sleep, 
Our God will with him bring. 


Parted below. 
United above. 

George H. Hartwell | Died | May 19, 1851, | JEt. 28. 
" Thy will O Lord be done." 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Mrs Hannah | 
Hartwell, wife of M r | Jonathan Hartwell | who departed this | 
Life Jan r I st 1763 | In the 73 d year | of her age. 

Memento mori | Here lies y e Body | of M r Jonathan | Hart- 
well who de I parted this Life | Dec r 19 th 1770 In | the 84 th year 
of I his Age 

In memory | of | Josiah Hartwell | Son of | M* John Hart- 
well & I M r f Mary his wife | who was drownded | May y e 20*! 1 AD. 
1 79 1, I Aged 14 years 5 | months & 22 days. 

How lov'd, how vallu'd once, avails ye not : 

To whom related, or by whom begot, 

A heap of dust alone remains of thee 

Tis all Thou art ! & all that I shall be. 

Lawrence | Hartwell | Died June 4, 1863, | JEt. 17 mo's. 
"Not lost, but gone before." 

In memory of | Widow | Lucy Hartwell | formerly wife of 
Dea. Daniel Kimball, | who died | Feb. 8, 1839, I ^t- 86. 

In memory of | Martha Hartwell | Daug* of Mr. Nathan 
Hartwell | and Mrs. Sally his wife. | who died Nov 1 ; 12. 18 14 | 
JEt. 1 year &. 5 months 

So fades the lovely blooming flow^ 

Frail smiling solace of an hour. 

So soon our transient comforts fly 

And pleasure only blooms to die. 


Nathan Hartwell, | died Apr. u. 1853, | Aged 66. 
They rest from their labors. 

In memory of | Nathan H. Hartwell | Son of Mr. Nathan 
Hartwell | and Mrs. Sally his wife, | who died Augt. 20. 18 18 | 
aged 2 years &. 4 months. 

That once lov'd form now cold & dead 
Each mournful thought employs, 
And nature weeps her comforts fled 
And wither'd all her joys. 

Nathan Haywood | Hartwell, | Died | Feb. 19, 1863, | JEt 
42 years, 5 mo's. 

" Died in the hope of a blessed immor- 

Mrs. Sally, | wife of | Mr. Nathan Hartwell, | died | Oct. 23, 
1841, I JEt. 52. 

Blessed are the dead, who die in the Lord. 

Erected | to | the memory of | Doctor | Thomas Hartwell 
who died | Deer. 10. 1809. | JEt. 48. 

Death is a debt to nature due, 
Which I've paid & so must you. 

In I memory of | Mr. Thomas Haywood | Hartwell, | Son 
of Doct. Thomas Hartwell | and Mrs. Elizabeth his wife, | who 
died May 6. 1S1S \ JEt. 22. 

As you are now so once was I, 
Rejoicing in my bloom ; 
As I am now you soon must be, 
Dissolving in your tomb. 


In Memory of 3 children of Mr. | John HearVell Junf 
& Mrs. Elizabeth | his wife. | Elijah | Heartwell died | Nov. 24. 
1800, I aged6years, | one month & | 10 days. | Lydia | Heart- 
well died I Nov. 25. 1800, | aged 3 years, | 9 months & | 28 days. 
I Joseph I Heartwell died | Dec. 7. 1800, | aged one year, | 9 
months & | 23 days. 

How sweet & pleasant was the sound 
That hasten'd from their mortal tongues ; 
Now they are gone where joys abound, 
A song of nobler praise is sung, 
Where peace & love & concord reigns 
They sing in high angelic strains. 

In memory of | Ahimaaz Jewett | son of M?. Joseph | Jewett 
& M r8 Rebekah | his wife who died \ DecF. y e 3* 1773. | Aged 17 

Erected [ in memory of | Mr. Ezra Jewett | who died | 
March 16* 1793; | in y e 83? year | of his age. 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | M v . Jonathan 
Jewett, I who departed this life | June y e 20^ 1789; | In the 26 * h 
year | of his age. 

Retire my friends dry up your tears, 
Here I must lie till Christ appears. 

Memento mori | Here lies Buried | the Body of M T . S | Mary 
Jewett I wife of My Ezra | Jewett who | departed this | Life NovF 
28< ? 1775 I In the 59 year | of h f age 

Harry O. | son of N. K& | M. R Johnson, | Died | May 6, 
1871, I Aged 3 ms. 6 ds. 

Sweet babe forever blest. 

Jonney O. | son of N. K & | M. P. Johnson, | Died | Apr. 24, 
869, I Aged 1 yr. 8 ms. 

He taketh the lambs. 


Martha P. | wife of | Nathan K.Johnson | Aug. 24, 1893, j 
JEt 63 yrs. 9 mos. 18 dys. j Mother | Memory keeps her ever 
with us. 

NatW K. Johnson, Grandchild of Capt. | F. Kidder, Dec. 
n, 1818, JE. 2 yrs. 10 ms. 

Nathan K. Johnson. | Feb. 5, 1896, | JE. 69 yrs. 4 mos. | 
Father | Gone but not forgotten. 

Capt. Francis Kidder | died Feb. 10, 1822, JE. 70. | Abigail, | 
his wife, May 23, 1812, JE. 55. | Thomas R. | their son, Nov. 9, 
1806, JE. 24. 

In Memory of | Augustus Kimball, son of | Dea" Daniel 
Kimball & | Mrs. Lucy his wife, | who died | Aug?. 14I? 1799. | 
Aged 1 year 6 months | and 25 days. 

Not prudence can defend, 

Nor virtue save from death. 

Benjamin Kimball J r | Died | Jan. 7, 1848, | JEt 25. 
" Remember now thy Creator 
in the days of thy youth." 
Blessed are the dead 
who die in the Lord. 

Erected | in memory of | Deac. Daniel Kimball | who died 
I May 22, 181 3, I JEt 62 years. 

Cease weeping friends your flowing tears reft>an 
None can escape deaths vast domain 
Hush every murmur, check each rising (8lfifh 
Remember all are mortal born to die 

James Kimball | Benj? Kimball | John Kimball & | Abraham 
Mead's I Tomb Built 1822. 


In I Memory of | Lucy Kimball, | Dau? of Lieut. | Daniel & 
M r . s I Lucy Kimball; | who Died Dec. | 15^ 1787: | Aged 11 
months | & 14 days. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Remains of M T . | Richard 
King, I who departed this | Life FebeT 2ff | 1771. Aged 69 | 
Years 6 months | and 20 days. 

Here lies y e body of | Abraham Lawrance | Son to M r 
Thomas | & M rs Ruth | Lawrance died | August y e 25 1778 | 
Aged 3 years | 8 months 

Here lies y e body of | Edmon Lawrance son | to M r Thomas 
& M rs I Ruth Lawrance | died August y e | 27 AD 1778 | aged 6 
years | & 14 Days 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Jsaac | Lawrance Son of M r 
I Jonathan & M rs | Tryphena Lawranc 6 | Who Died Fe b y e | 3 
1756 Jn y e 25 I year of His Age 

Here lies | the Body of | Jabez Lawrance y e | Son of M r : 
Samuel | Lawrance and Mf | Mary his wife, who | died March 
22? I 1767 Aged 7 years, 4 | months and 18 Days. 

Here lies y e | Body Of Mary | Lawrence y e | Daughter Of M r 
I Peleg & Mr s Ruth | Lawrence Who | Dec d Nouember | y e I st 
1736 & I Was 5 years 7 M & 6 D 

In memory of Betty | Lawrance daft r to M r | Joseph & M rs 

Marcy | Lawrance died august | y e 24 1778 aged 2 | years 11 

months & 25 | Days 

Why do we morn depar 
ting friends or shake 
at Deaths alarms 
tis but the voice that 
Jesus sends to Call 
them to his arms 


In memory of Metrildy | Lawrance Daft r to M r | Joseph & 
M rs Marcy | Lawrance born January | y e 15 1777 & died | y e 30 


See the kind angels at 
the gates Jnviting us to 
come there Jesus the 
forerunner Waites 
to welcome travllers 


Memento mori | Here lies the | Remains of M[ | Jonathan 
Longl ey I who departed | this Life August | 13 th 1768 Aged 41 
I Years & 8 months! 

In I Memory of | Mrs Anna Longley | wife of Ensign | 
Jonathan Longley | who died | Nov 2 1807. | ALL 79. 

Mrs. Lucy, wife of Mr. Abraham Mead | died June 16, 1821 : 
Ml 31. 

Here lies | the Body of | Daniel Meriam | son of M; Willard 
I Meriam & Sarah | his wife who died | June 27"' 1764 | Aged 
3 Years 1 | month & 22 days. 

Here lies buried | y e body of | M r John Meriam | Who Dec ( 
July y e 3 d 1737 I And Jn | y e 42 d year | Of His Age. 

Here lies buried | y e Body of Lieu* | John Meriam | who 
departed | this life | Noum br y e 30 th | A. D. 1748 | In y e 83^ 
year | of his age 

In I Memory of | M™ Martha Meriam | wife of | Mr Willard 
Meriam | who died | Oct' y e 24 1793 | In the 60 y r of | her age. 

Here | lies y e Body | of Mary Meriam | Daughter of M? 
I John & M r f Hann a A h | Meriam who die d | July 13*? 1770 | 
Aged 3 years 2 | months & 5 day 8 


Here lies | the Body of | Moley Meriam | Daughter of Mf | 
Willard Meriam & | Sarah his wife, who | died June 30 th | 1764 
Aged 5 years, | 10 months & 6 days 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body ot Sarah | Meriam, 
Daughter of | M r Willard Meriam | And Sarah his wife | who 
died July. 2? 1764 | Aged 14 Years 5 mont h . s | and 16 days. 

Erected | In Memory of | Mr. s Sarah Meriam wife of | M* 
Willard Meriam | who departed this Life | April y e 23 d jD. 1785. 
I Aged 59 years & 5 months. 

Behold and see all that pass by 
An Instance of Mortality 
As I am now so you Must be 
Prepare for Death and follow me 
She sleeps in Death in Christ we trust 
And see her Savour face to face 
How Precious is the mouldering dust 
It Shall be rais'd from Death's imbrace. 

Here lies y e | Body Of Silas | Meriam y e Son | Of M r 
John I & Mr 8 Hannah | Meriam Who | Dec d Jeneuary | y e 16 th 
1737 I Aged 6 years | 5 M & 7 D 

In memory of | Mrs Hannah Patch, | Relict of | Deacon 
Jonathan Patch, | who departed this life | June 24. 1804, | aged 
76 years. 

In I Memory of | Mrs. Jane Patch | wife of | Mr. Isaac 
Patch; I who died | March 25, 1813: | JEt 58. 

Erected | In memory of | Deacon | Jonathan Patch, | who 
died I April ye 24 th 1794, | In y e 68 th year | of his age. 


In Memory of | Lucy Patch (Daughter of | Mr. Isaac Patch 
and I Mrs. Jane his wife) | who died | Aug* 28 th 1799. I Aged 3 
years 5 months | and 1 1 days. 

Nathaniel Proctor | died Dec. 19, 1819, JE. 57. | Mercy, | his 
wife, Aug. 28, 1855, ^E. 89. I their daughter Sarah Roberts | Apr. 
7, 1839, &• 5 1 - I Abigail Ann Proctor | May 3, 1854, JE. 44. | 
Elizabeth Taylor | Jan. 1, 1808, JE. 22. | Sarah Russell | born 
1791. Died 1805. 

In I Memory of | Mr. Simeon Proctor, | who died | March 21. 
1820. I JEt. 91. I Also Mrs. Rebekah | his wife | died Feb. 27, 
1812. I JEt. 79. 

Mrs Betsey Read | Died | March 26, 1865, | in the Sy, year | 
of her age. 

Erected | To the memory | of | Mary Read, | wife of | 
Samuel Read, | and daughter of | Samuel & Mary Fitch. | Born 
Dec. 18, 1774. J Died Sept. 23, 1853. 

Erected | to the memory of | Samuel Read, | Born May 15, 
1774. I Died July 23, i860. | Aged 86. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of | M rs Abigail Reed | Wife 
of M r Peter | Reed Who Departed | This Life | August y e 18 th | 
A D 175 1 I Age 52 years | 9 M & 1 1 D s 

Memento mori | Here lies y e Body | of M" Abigail Reed | 
wife of Mf Peter Reed | Formerly y e wife of | Comet Samuel 
Dudley, who depart | ed this Life Febf 8? | 1770 aged 67 | years 
& 24 days. 

In I memory of | Mrs. Catharine Reed | wife of Mr: Samuel 
Reed, | who died | Sept. 15, 1822. | JEt. 58. 


Here lies | the Body of | Jonathan Reed son | of My Jonathan 
Reed | and M r . s Sarah his | wife, who departed | this Life Aug. 
20^ I 1763. In the 8* : h | year of his age. 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Jonathan Reed Esq r | who 

departed this Life | Nov r 8 th 1790 In the | 61 st year of his age. 

So sleep the saints & cease to grone, 
When sin & death have done their worst : 
Christ hath a glory like his own, 
Which waits to clothe their sleeping dust. 

Memento mori | In memory of | M r Peter Reed, | who 
departed this Life | Sep* 19 th 1791 : | Aged 90 years & 4 | 


Though not till ninety some retire 
Yet Monuments around declare ; 
How vast the numbers who expire 
While youth & beauty promise fair. 

In Memory of | Polly Reed daug fc | of Mr. Poulter & | Mrs 
Mary Reed, | who died Dec. 1. | i8oi,^£t 10 years | & 6 months. 
She was a blessing here below 
A lovely kind & pleasing child, 
Her soul now free from sin & woe, 
Shall serve its maker undefiPd ; 

Here | lies the Bod y | of Rhoda Reed | Daughter of M r | 
Jonathan Reed | & M rs Sarah his wife | who died Sep* 8 th j 
1 763 in 3 d year | of her age. 

In I Memory of | Miss Rhoda, | Daug : of | Col. Jonathan 
& I Mrs Sarah Reed: | who died | March 22, 1825: | In the 61 
year of her age 

Heav'n has confirm'd the dread decree, 

That Adam's race must die : 

One gen'ral ruin sweeps them down 

And low in dust they lie. 


In I memory of | Lieu* Samuel Reed ; | who died | March 9 th 
1 806, I aged 68 years. 

In I memory of | Mrs Sarah | wife of | Col. Jonathan Reed ; 
I who died | June 14. 1803 | In the 72 year of her age. 

Peace, Peace, no murmer to the will of God. 
That God who orders all things for the best 
Tis ours to bow and kiss the afflicting rod 
Twas hers to seek the mansion of the blest. 

Here lies | the Body of | Thaddeus Reed | Son of Mf | Jona- 
than Reed & | Sarah his wife | who died Aug* 29 th | 1763. In the 
5 th I year of his age. 

Nehemiah B. Robbins | died | 17 Nov. 1886, | aged 76 years. 
I Mary W. | wife of | N. B. Robbins, | died | 27 May 1849 I 
aged 35 years. | ROBBINS 

In Memory of | Abagial Russell, | Daug^of Mr. John & | Mrs. 
Abagial Russell | who died Jan? 12 th | 1754, aged 1 year | & 6 

Isaac Russell | Son of M r Isaac | &M r9 Mary | Russell, who 
Dec d January 26, | A.D. 1750 | Age 9 months | & 1 day 

In Memory of | Capt. John Russell, | who departed this life 
Dec 15, 1781. I JEt 76. 

This tomb built: | By Messrs John Russell | Francis Kidder 
Thomas Russell & Benjamin Dix | 1803. 

John Russell | died Nov. 23, 1824,^.98. | Abigail, | his wife 
Apr. 12, 1805, JE. 75. 


Memento mori | Here lies the | Remains of M? Merc y | Rus- 
sell wife of Cap* | John Russell who | departed this Life | Jan r f I st 
1754 In the 52? year of | her Age 

Thomas Russell | died July 21, 1841, M. 87. | Submit, | his 
wife, Dec. 15, 1804, JE. 43. 

Angelia W. | wife of | A. W. Sawyer | died | 9 July 1871 
I aged 26 yrs. 10 mos. 22 dys. | SAWYER 

Our Babe | Infant son of | Asahel W. & | Helen A. Sawyer, 
I died I Oct. 17, 1878. | JEt. 10 days. 

Here Lies | Buried The Body | Of Elizebeth | Sawyer y e 
Daughter | Of M r John & Mr 9 | Mary Sawyer | Who Died Octo- 
ber I The 24 d 1736 I & Was 17 th years | & 9 M & 19 D | Old 

Here lies y e body of | M r John Sawyer | who departed this 
Life March y e 25 th | AD 1771 in the | 91 year of | his Age 

Here lies Buried | The Body of Mr 8 | Mary Sawyer Wife | 
of Mr. John Sawyer | who died April y e | 27 1757 In y e | 67 
year of Her | Age. The | Number of Our | Months Are With 

J. S. I Sacred | to the memory of | Mr. Jonathan Shipley 
who died April 18, 18 14; | Aged 47 Years. 
My work is done and I resign 
That flesh which is no longer mine 

M. S. I Sacred | to the memory of | Mrs. Mary Shipley, 
who died Sep 1 ; 25, 1812 | Aged 41 Years. 

This flesh & blood I want no more 
I land upon a purer shore. 


Emma W. | Smith | died Feb. 23, | 1861, | JEt. 4 yrs 5 mo 
4 days. 

Frank N. | Smith | died Mar. 1, | 1861, | JEt. 2 ys. 8 ms. | 
25 days. 

Henry A. | son of | Horatio N. | & Lucy M. | Smith, | died 
Apr. 7, ] 185 1, I JE 4 y'rs. | 9 mo's. 

It is well. 

Lizzie H. | Smith | died Apr. 25, | 1853, | JEt. 6 ms. 22 ds- 

In I memory of | Mrs. Candace Smith, | wife of | Mr. Samuel 
Smith, I who died Febr. 22. 1813 | JEt 22. 

Safe on her walfare all my pleasures hung, 
Her smiles could all my pains control, 
Her soul was made of softness, and her tongue 
Was soft and gentle as her soul. 

We shall meet again. 
Lucy M. I wife of | Horatio N. Smith, | Died | February 20, 
1861, I ^Et. 37 y'rs. 5 mos. | & 3 days. 

" Blessed are the dead, 
who die in the Lord." 

Nelson C. | Smith, | died Mar. 5, | 1845; | JE. 7 mo's. 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Miss Abigail | Stearns, | who 
died I July 10, 1825 : | JEt. 70 yrs. 

Bury the dead ; and weep 

In stillness o'er the loss ; 

Bury the dead ; in Christ they sleep, 

Who love on earth his cross. 

And from the grave their spirits rise 

In his own image to the skies. 


Memento mori | Here lyes the Body of | M rs Betty Stearns 
y e wife I of M r William Stearns | who departed this Life | 
October y e 2 d A. D. 1762 | in the 25 th year of | her age 

Eliza R. I wife of | Joseph Stevens, | daughter of | Samuel 
& Mary Reed, | died Oct. 1, 1867, | aged 64 yrs. 

Josephine E. | Daughter of | Joseph & Eliza R. | Stevens, | 
died May 28, 1849, I &\- I2 y rs - 

Lovely and cheerful in life, 
Calm and peaceful in death. 

Mary A. E. | died Sept. 19, 1825, | JEt 1 day. | Joseph Sam- 
uel I died July 27, 1827, | ^Et. 3 mos. | Joseph Henry | died Sept. 
26, 1835, I JEt. 6 mos. I Children of Joseph & | Eliza R Stevens. 

Your babes lie buried here, 

Their spirits live in heaven, 

Weep not for us. 

Mary Jane, | Daughter of | Joseph & Eliza R. | Stevens, | 
died Feb. 20, 1834, | ^Et. 6 yrs. 

Dear Parents, weep not for me, 
your daughter is not dead, 
but liveth in heaven. 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | MF. Isaac Stone, 
I who departed this Life | OctT. y e 29^ 1781. | In the 46^ year | 
of his age. 

Sacred | to the memory of | Mr. Cheney Tenney | who died 
I Feb. 28, 1 8 14, I ^Et. 74. 

Death is a debt to nature due, 
I've paid the debt and so must yo u 

Elizabeth Tenney, | died | Aug. 19, 1845, I ^t- 7& 


Mrs. Huldah Tenny, | wife of | Mr. Cheney Tenney, | died 
OctT. 22, 1805, I Aged 79. 

In memory of | Mr. John Tenney, | son of Mr. Cheney, and 
I Mrs. Huldah Tenney, | who died OctT 10* 1793, | In the 24*^ 
year of his | age. 

Friends & Physicians could not save 
My mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here 
When Christ shall call me to appear. 

Here lies y e body of M r Oliver Tenny | Departed this Life 

December y e 29, 1787 | Aged 51 year 3 | months & 5 Days 

Death is a debt to Nature due 
which I have paid and so must you 

Here lies y e body of | M r Samuel Tenny | who departed this 
Life April y e 30 1776 | Aged yS years 5 | months & 3 Days 

Here lies Buried | y e Body of Mrs | Sarah Tenney | Wife of 
M r Samuel | Tenney who Dec d | May y e 24 th | AD. 1749 | In y e 
51 st year | of Her Age 

Mrs. Ann H. | wife of Dr. | Carlos Tewksbury, | died | 
Sept. 11, 1847, I Aet. 30. 

In I memory of | Mrs. Sarah Thresher, | wife of | Mr. James 
Thresher, | who died | July 10 18 14, | ALt. 34. 

Here lies the | Body of Joseph | Tuttle son of M r | Samuel 
Tuttle Jun r | & Mrs Rebecca his | wife who died | June 1 I th , 
1777. I Aged 2 years n | months & 7 days 

Memento mori | Here lies | the Body of | M rs Mary Tuttle 
I wife of M r Samuel | Tuttle Jun r : who de- | parted this Life 
March | 27 th 1772 In the 32* | year of her age. 


Sacred | To the | Memory of | Mrs Rebekah. | wife of 
Sampson Tuttle Esq | who died | Nov. 11, 1823: | JEt 44. 

My Saviour calls and I must go, 
And leave you here my friends below ; 
But soon my God will call for thee, 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

Sacred | to the memory of | Sampson Tuttle | Esq. A. M. 
who died | June 7, 181 5, | JEt 77. 

" Quick flees the shadow Man 
Whose days are but a span." 

Here lies | a son of Mr | Samuel Tuttle | Jun r & M rs Mary 
his wife, who | was still Born j Decern 1- 8 th | 1774. 

Here lies the body of | Mrs. Submit Tuttle, | wife of | Samp- 
son Tuttle Esq r . | who departed this Life | July. 24* 1797 in the 
55 1 ? I year of her age. | Also Mehitable Tuttle born April | 25*. 11 
1775 died Oct r 31?* 1778. | Lucy Tuttle born Oct r 6^ 1776 | died 
Sep*, I s .' 1777. j a son still born March. 17* 1785. 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Mrs Eunice Warren, | the wife 
of I Mr. Benjamin Warren, | Obit. Dec. 14*^ 1762. | JEt 27. 

The morn of life serenely rose, alas ! 
And blush'd with beams too bright to last. 
Though the pale corpse is in the grave confin'd, 
She leaves a pattern to her sex behind. 

Memento mori | Erected | In Memory of, | M r Oliver War- 
ren. I who departed this Life, | July y e I s .* 1770. | ^Etat 36. 

The sweet Remembrance of the Just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 


In memory of | Miss Susanna Warren, | Daug r of Mr. 
Benjamin | & Mrs. Elisabeth Warren, | who died Sep* 17* 1789, 
I Aged 20 years | Also Benjimin their son | who died Sep*. 6*.! 1 
1769, I Aged 16 months 

Sleep on dear Children till Jesus comes, 
Till Gabriel's trumpet burst the tombs, 
Then may we wake with sweet surpr 1 * 6 
Unite again & soar on high 
No more to part, no more to die 

Here Lies y e | Body of Joseph | Warrin Son Of | M r Jacob 
& M rs I Ruth Warrin | Who Dec d | June y e 2 d | 1740. Age | 11 
years | 6 m. & 18 D 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of | Mr s Ruth Warrin | y e Wife 
of M r I Jacob W 7 arrin | & Their Child | Who Dec d March | y e 28 th 
A. D 1739 I In y e 40 th year | Of Her Age 

Sacred | to the memory of | Mrs Anna Wheeler, | Consort 

of Mr Thomas | Wheeler, who died July 6 th | 1800. In the 34 th 

year | of her age. 

Forbare my friends to weep, 
Since death has lost its sting 
Those Christians that in Jesus sleep, 
Our God will with him bring. 

Here lies the Body of Mr | Edward Wheeler, | who departed 
this Life | Nov. 24 th A. D. 1765. | in the 67 th year | of his Age. 

Memento mori | Here lyes the Body of | Mrs Elizabeth 
Wheeler | the wife of M r | Edward Wheeler who | departed this 
Life April | y e 14 th A. D. 1764 in the | 76 th year of her Age. 

In memory of | Elizabeth Wheeler, | Daughter of Mr. | 
Thomas Wheeler, & | Mrs. Anna his wife; | who died | May 25 th 
1799. I Aged 8 months & | days. 


Here Lies | Buried ye Body | Of John Wheeler | The Son Of 
M r I John & Mr s | Hannah Wheeler | Who Died Noum b | The 
io th 1734 I In ye 15 th | Year Of His Age 

In Memory of | Mr. Jonathan Wheeler, | who departed this 
life I July 23 d 1795, I in the 66 th year | of his age. 

In Memory of | Mrs Mary Wheeler, | wife of | Mr. Jonathan 
Wheeler, | who died April. 17 th | 1793, In the 62 d year | of her 

Here lies y e | Body of Samuel | Wheeler the | Son of Mr 
John I & Mr s Hannah | Wheeler Who | Died October | the 23 d 
1734 I In the 19 th [Illegible] 

In memory of | Mr. | Thomas Wheeler; | who died | March 
10, 1837: I Aet 77. 

" Thus shall the dust return unto dust, 
and the spirit to God who gave it." 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | Lieu*: Jonathan 
Whitcom be I who departed this life | FebF y e 22 d AD. 1790; | 
Aged 72 years | 1 month & 19 days. 

In memory of | Mr. Daniel Whitco mb | who died | Nov. 30, 
1804 [ Aged 57. 

Beneath this stone I rest my hedd 
In slumbers sweet Christ blest the 


In memory of | Mrs Lydia Whitcom b | wife of | Mr. Daniel 
Whitcomb | who died | Feb. 12, 1805 | Aged 49. 
Death is a debt to nature due 
I've paid the debt & so must you 

In Memory of | MF. Charles White. | who departed this life 
October 31 s * | 1783: | Aged 63 years | & 3 months. 


Memento mori | Here lies y e Body of | M r f Susannah | 
Whetcomb wife | of M* Daniel | Whetcomb who | departed this 
Life | Feb! 24^ 1773 In y e | 22? year of her Age 

Here lies y e body of | Amariah Wood Son | of M r John 
Wood & I Mrs Lucy his wife | who departed this | Life march y e 
8 1783 aged 8 months & 24 Days 

Here lies y e body of | Amariah Wood y e 2 d . | son to Mf 
John Wood | & Mrs Lucy Wood [ his wife Born April | y e 19 
1784 & died I December y e 5 1784 | Aged 7 months 

In memory of | Amasy Wood, | Son of Mr. Martin Wood, | 
and Mrs. Nancy his wife | who died July 26, 1807. | JEt. 10 
months & 16 d?. 

Sweet babe we mourn thy swift remove. 

But Ah the debt of nature paid 

We trust in Christ's atoning blood 

To save thy soul from Hell. 

Dorithy Wood | Daugh tr of M r | Bennet & M rs | Lydia 
Wood I Who Dec d | March y e 8 | A. D 1740 | Age 1 month | 29 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of M rs | Dorithy Wood | Re 
lect Widow of M r | Jeremiah Wood | who Departed this | Life 
July the 17 th I Anno Domini 1752 | Age64years | 1 M& 28 Days. 

Here lyes y e | Body of M r | Jeremiah Wood | who Died 
July I 15"? 1730 Aged 52 | Years 2 M°& 8 D 3 

Here lies Buried | y e Body of | Jeremiah Wood | y e son of 
M r I Jeremiah and Mr 3 | Dorithy Wood | Who Dec d October | 
21 th 1736 Age 14 th I years 10 M & 20 | Days 


Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of MF Jeremia h 
Wood son of My | Bennit Wood & Mf | Lydia his wife who 
departed this Life | February. 25 <? 1767 | Aged 22 years, 8 
months & 16 days. 

Here lies Buried | The Body of Mr | John Wood Who | De- 
parted This Life | April y e 8 | A' D 1758 & | In ye 40 year | of 
His Age 

In I Memory of | Mr. John Wood J.? | who died | July 1, 
1807. I Aged 27 years | & 9 months. 

We mourn thy sudden swift remove, 
From each & all enjoyment here. 
When Christ commands we must obey ; 
Without a murmur or a tear. 
Sleep on dear brother & take thy rest 

In memory of | Dea. John Wood, | who died | May 4, 1826: 

I JEt 78. 

Farewell dear friend and children too, 
God has call'd me home ; 
In a short time he'll call for you, 
Prepare yourselves to come. 

In memory of | Mrs. Lucy, | wife of | Dea. John Wood, | 

who died | Feb. 20, 1836, | JEt 84. 

Farewell my friends, my children dear, 
My Saviour calls me home ; 
My Saviour calls my children too, 
Prepare yourselves to come. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of M r f Lydia | 
Wood wife of M r : | Bennit Wood, who | Departed this Life | 
February. 2f} | 1765. Aged 54 | Years, one month | and 13 days. 


Memento mori | In memory of | M r ? Lydia Wood, | wife of 
I My John Wood | And late wife to Dea c on | David Goodridge 
of Fitchburg | who died Jan? 13'? 1792; | Aged 67 years 4 | 
months and 6 days. 

Here lyes y e Body | of Sarah Wood | Dau to of Jeremiah | & 
Dorothy Wood | Died Decem br 8 th | 1723 Aged 13 Years 7 M° 

&8D 8 

Here lies y e | Body of Sarah | Wood Daught r | of M r John 
& I Mr 8 Lydia Wood | Who Dec d | Nouem br y e 2 d | 1746 | Age 

2 years | & 3 M. 

Here lies y e | Body of Marcy | Worster Daught r | of Jo- 
seph & I Ann Worster | who died | Nouemb r y e 22 d | 1736 Age 

3 I years 5 M 13 D 

Here Lies | The Body of | Mary Woster, | ye Daughter of 
I Jonathan and | Rebeckah Woster | Who Died August | the 
10 th 1734 

Augustus Wright | died | June 26, 1837 | JEt 42. 

Sacred | To | the memory of | Mrs Elener Wright, | wife of 
I Mr. Peter Wright, | who died | Feb. 17 1810; | JEt 77. 

Elizabeth. | wife of | Augustus Wright, | Died Mar. 9, 1873, 
I JEt. 72 yrs. 9 mos. | & 21 d's. 

Peter Wright, | A Revolutionary Soldier, | died May 17, 
1850, I JEt 90. I Mary, his wife | died Oct. 27, 1818, | JEt 51. 

Rufus A. I son of Augustus & | Elizabeth Wright, | died 
Sept. 11, 183 1, I JEt 9 yrs. 9 mos. 17 ds. 

154 proceedings of the 

Epitaphs in the Westerly Section of the Burying Ground. 

Here Lyes the | Body, of | Sarah Applin, | Wife to John | 
Applin ; Ded Jan ry | y e 28^ 1717/18 in y e 25 | Year of, har Age. 

Capt Joseph Breck | died June 27, 1822, Alt. 51 yrs. | For- 
merly of Boston. I Lucy. | wife of Joseph Breck, | died July 8, 
1873, JEt. 88 yrs. 9 days. | Lucy Ann | died at St. Louis, Mo. | 
Aug. 18, 1838, JEt. 25 yrs. | Amelia Josephine | died at St. Louis, 
Mo. I Nov. 27, 1843. JEt. 26 yrs. | Wives of John Tilden, & | 
daughters of Joseph & Lucy Breck. | George S. Breck | died at 
Liverpool, England, | May 18, 1838, ^Et. 19 yrs. j Henry E. Breck 
I died July 1, 1843, JEt. 20 yrs. | Robert Breck | died Feb. 21. 
1858. JEt 46 yrs. 

In memory of | Jeremiah, | son of Mr. John Bridge | & Mrs. 
Sarah his wife | who died | Sept. 2, 18 18: | JEt. 2 yrs. & 8 months. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of | Ml John Bridges, 
I who departed this life | Febf. y e 3? AD 1790. | In the 76^ 
year | of his Age. 

Memento mori | Here lies | The Body of | M™ Sarah Bridges, 
I (wife of I M» John Bridges) | who departed this life | March y e 
18 1 ? 1790; I In the 79^ year | of her age. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Mf Ruth | Brooks 
wife of I M r . Matthew Brooks wh° | departed this Life | December 
25? I 1768. In the 23? I Year of her age. 


Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of Cap* | Joseph Bulkeley | Who 
Departed | This Life | Septem br y e 24 th | A' D 1748 | Jn y e 79 th 
year | Of His Age 

Asenath, | wife of | Daniel Burnham, | died Sept. 2, 1858, | 
JEt. 80 ys. 2 ms. 

Rest here, blest saint, till from his throne 
The morning break, and pierce the shade. 

In memory of | Mr. Job Burnam | who died | March 1, 
1804; I JE. 63. 

Miss Mary Burnam | died | Octr 16.1805. | aged 21. | Daug r 
of I Mr. Job & Mrs. | Abagail Burnam. 

In memory of | Mr. Nathaniel Burna m | who died | Sept. 24, 
809. I JEt. 28. 

Nichols Burnam | died | Nov!" 10, 1804. I Aged 16, years 
Son of I Mr. Job & Mrs. Abagail Burnam. 

In memory of Mrs. | Patty Burnam | wife of | Mr. Daniel 
Burnam | who died | Sept. 4, 1808. | JEt. 29. 

Mr. I Daniel Burnham | died Oct. 16, 1853, | JEt. 81 
Then shall the dust return 
to the earth as it was : and 
The spirit to God who gave it. 

Here Lyes y e Body | of M T . Thomas | Chamberlin | who 
Dec? Decem br | y e 11 th , 1723. | in y e 34 th Year | of His Age. 

In I Memory of | Mrs. Anna Cobleigh | wife of | Nath'l 
Cobleigh | who died | Feb. 23, 181 3 | JEt. 46. 


In I Memory of | Mr. Nath'l Cobleigh | who died | Feb. 21, 
1813 I JEt. 50. 

Our hearts are fastened to this world 
By strong and endless ties ; 
But every sorrow cuts a string 
And urges us to rise. 

Here Lies | Buried y e Body | Of Mr 8 Mary | Dauis y e Wife | 
Of M r Eleazer | Dauis | Who Dec d | October y e 2 d | 1730 & In y e 
I 22 d year Of | Her Age. 

Here lies | the Body of | Samuel Davis, son | of MF Jonathan 
I Davis and Mf | Hannah his wife, | who died Janua? | 6* 1767 
I In the 3? I year of his age. 

Here lies | the Body of | Samuel Kimball | Dix Son of 
Jona= I than Dix Esqf and | M rs Anne his wife | of Pumbroke 
who I died Dec r 9 th 1771 | Aged 5 months & | 22 days 

Fresh as the Morn, y e fragrant, bud 
Hang withered Ere it's Blown. 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of | Elizabeth Dummer | y e Only 
Child Of I Samuel Dummer | Esq? & Mr s Elizabet h | His Wife 
Who I Departed This | Life July y e 16 th | Anno Dom 1740 | 
Aged 2 years & 4 M 

Sarah Edes | widow, | died August. 25*? | 1790, Aged 83 

Here lyes y e Body | of Mr John Farr | Who Dec d JanF y | y e 
14 th 1724 in y e I 43 d Year of His Age. 


In | memory of | Mrs. | Lydia Fletcher | wife of | Ens. Sam- 
uel Fletcher, | who died | June 27. 18 13. | JEt. 32. 
Death with his dart has peirc'd my heart 
When I was in my prime, 
When this you see, greive not for me, 
'Twas God's appointed time. 

In I memory of | Ens. | Samuel Fletcher | who died | March 
26. 1815. I Aet. 36. 

In memory of two Sons, of | Ens. Samuel Fletcher and | 
Mrs. Lydia his wife. | Ancil, | died June 13. | 181 5. | JEt. 8. ys. | 
Samuel, | died | Octr. 23. | 18 12. | JEt. 3. ys. | Also | an infant 
born &. died 28. | of April 181 5. | Son of Ens. Samuel &. Mrs. 
Susan Fletcher. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Cap* | John Fox Who | 
Departed This | Life Nouember y e | 13. A. D 1754 | In y e 48 
year | of His Age 

Memento mori | Here lies the Body | of Jonathan Fox, son 
I of Cap? John Fox & | M r f Sarah his wife, | who died May. io 1 ! 1 
I 1768. In the iff year of his age. 

AbbyC. I daughter of | W"!B.&Abby | Golding, | died Oct. 
28, 1853, I JEt. 4ms. 8ds. 

Mary Green | widow, | died July 3? 1786, | Aged 80 years. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of M™ | Bethiah 
Hartwell | wife of Deacon Josiah Hartwell | who departed | this 
Life Jan? 30^ | 1776. In the 54^ | Year of her age. 

Here Lies | Buried y e Body | Of Jonathan | Hartwell Son 
Of Jnsign Jon a | & M r8 Sarah | Hartwell Who | Dec d February 
y e 19 th 1737 I Aged 16 years | 7 M & 15 D 


In Memory of | Lieu* Jonathan Hartwell, | who departed 

this Life | Oct 1 ; 18*? 1778: | Aged 86 years, | 7 months & 16 | 

Memento mori | In Memory of Deac? | Josiah Hartwell, | 

who departed this life | Jan 1 ! 20*. 11 1790: In | the 74^ year of | his 


Here mix'd with earth his ashes must remain, 
Till death shall die, & mortal rise again. 

Memento mori | Intered Here lie the | Remains of M r Peter 
I Hartwell Son of Liev* | Jonathan Hartwell and | Sarah his 
wife, who Died | December y e io*! 1 A. D 1763 | in the 39^ year 
I of his Age 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of Mr s j Sarah Hartwell | y e 
Wi f e Of Lieu* | Jon a Hartwell | Who Dec d | March y e 22 d | AD 
1748-9 I Age 50 years | 2 M & 23 D s 

Daniel | Harwood Son | Of M r Ebenezer | & Mr s Dorithy | 
Harwood Who | Dec d May y e 22 d | 1740 Age | 1 year 6 M | & 
25 D 

In I Memory of | Cap* Joseph Harwood, | who died | June 
25*.^ 1792. I Aged 84. 

Erected | In memory of | Capt. Joseph Harwood, | who died 

I Febr. 6, 1819; | Mt. 77. 

Heav'n has confirm'd the dread decree, 
That Adam's race must die : 
One gen'ral ruin sweeps them down 
And low in dust they lie. 


In I Memory of | Mrs. Mary Harwood, | Consort of | Capf. 
Joseph Harwood | who di^d | June 3? 1787. | Aged 79. 

Here lies the Bod y | of Mary Harwood | Daughter of M r 
I Joseph Harwood & | M rs Mary Harwood | his wife who died | 
May 25 th 1740 aged | 2 years & 5 months 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of M r . s Mary | Har- 
wood, widdow I of My Peter Har= | wood, who depar= | ted this 
Life I Feb : 17th 1742 In | y e yof year of her age 

Memeto mori | Here lies the | Body of Mf Peter | Har- 
wood, who I Departed this | Life May the lO*? | 1740. | In the 
69 year | of his Age. 

In memory of | Mrs. Thankfull | wife of | Capt. Joseph Har- 
wood I who died | July 3, 1839, I ^ l - 8 5- 

Thou art not in the tomb confined, 
Death cannot claim the immortal mind ; 
Let earth close o're its sacred trust, 
Thee dear mother, 'tis not thee, 
Beneath the coffin's lid I see ; 
Thou to a fairer land art gone — 
There let me hope, my journey done, 
To see thee still. 

In Memory of | M r . s Anna Haskell, | wife of | M r : James Has- 
kell, I who departed this life | Sep! 18V. 1 1787: In the | 69^ year 
of her age. 

Memento mori | Here lies Buried | the Body of Deaco" | 
Benjamin Hoar, | who departed | this Life March | 22? 1775. 
Aged 82 I years 1 month & 1 1 D. 

Frail man as soon as born decays, 

Like flow'rs that quickly fade j 
He counts a few & troublous days, 
Then passes like a shade. 


Here Lies Buried | The Body of M™ | Esther Hoar | Wife of 
Deacon | Benjamin Hoar who | Departed This Life | May The 
15 th I A. D. 1744 I Jn the 50 th year | of Her Age 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Remains of Oliver | Hoar, 
son of Deacon | Oliver Hoar and | M™ Silece his wife, | who 
was killed by | Lightning on the | io 1 ? day of July 1772 | In y e 
18*! 1 year of his age 

Memento mori | Here lies Buried | the Body of M r : s | Sarah 
Hoar wife | of Deacon Benja= | min Hoar, who | departed this 
Life I January. 16*? 1770. In | y e 74*? year of her age 

In memory of | Mrs. Silance Hoar | wife of | Deacon Oliver 
Hoar I who died | Sep* 2 if 1799. | Aged 72. 

Here Lies | Buried y e Body | Of Mr s Dorithy | Hunt y e 
Wife Of I Cap* Samuel Hunt | Who Dec d October | y e 11 th 1731 
& In I y e 33 d year | Of Her Age 

Hire Lies Buried | y e Body Of Cap* | Samuel Hunt | Who 
Departed | This Life | July y e 13 th | AD 1739 | In y e 43 d 
year | Of His Age 

Here lies | the Body of | Samuel Hunt Jun r | Son of MF 
Samuel | Hunt & M r . 8 Jane | his wife, who died | July. 14*? 
1756. I Aged one year | 6 months & 8 day 3 

Sophia I dauf of Mr. Braddock | and Mrs. | Sarah Jacobs; 
I who died | April 6. 18 10, | JEt. 2 y s & 6 mo. 
Farewell sweet babe 
we part in pain, 
We only part to meet again 


Memento mori | Here lies y e Body | of M 1 ? Hannah | J* w- 
ett wife of Lieu* | William Jewett, who | died Feb? 15*? 1 771. | 
aged 65 years & 10 D! | Likeways 5 Children of the | above 
nam'd persons. | Aquila died June. 10^ 1729. | In the 14* month 
of his age. | Jean died Oct? 16^ 1740. in | the I s * month of her 
age. I Thomas died June. 21 8 * | 1744. Aged 10 days. | Rebecca 
died OctF 19*? 1746. | In the 9V 1 year of her age. | Samuel died 
Oct 1 : 27*? 1746. I In y e I 14^ year of his age. 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | Cap? David Law- 
rance, | who departed this life | Sep? y e 28^ AD. 1790; | In the 
85^ year | of his age. 

In memory of | Dea. | David Lawrence | who died | March 
29, 1827: I JEt 65. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Major | Elezer Lawrance | 
Who Departed This | Life Mar c = h y e | 9 AD 1754 | Jn The 80 | 
year of His Age 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | M™ Hannah 
Lawrance | (Relict of | Cap? David Lawrance) | who departed 
this life I May the 8 th 1791 ; | In the 67 year | of her age. 

Memento mori | Erected | in Memory of | Deacon Jonathan 
Lawrance, | who departed this life, | Decf. y e 8* 1789, | Aged 86 
years 1 month | and 23 days. 

Memento mori | Here lyes the Body of | M" Mary 
Lawrance widow | to Major Elezer Lawrance | who departed 
this Life | June y e 29 th AD 1761 | in the 82 d year of | her age 


In memory of | Mrs. Martha, | wife of | Dea. David Law- 
rence, | who died Jan, 14, 1852, | JEt 92. 

Erected | In Memory of | Mrs. Sarah Lawrence, | wife of | 
Mr. Timothy Lawrence | who departed this life | Feb 7 19^ 1792, 
in the | 39^ year of her age. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of M rs | Trypheuny Lawrance 
I Wife of M r Jonathan | Lawrance Who | Departed this life | 
August y e 25 I A.D. 1752 | Jn y e 42 year | of Her Age 

In Memory of | Mary Harwood Man- | ning, Daughter of 
I Mr.Jonathan and | Mrs. Lydia Manning | who died Augt. 31. | 
18 10. JEt. 1 year and | 3 months. 

William son of | Mr. John & Mrs. | Sally Millen, | who died 
I July 11, 1814. I Aet. 1 year 9 mon s 

Farewell sweet child we part in pain 
We only part to meet again. 

This Stone | Erected to the Memory | of Mr. Joseph Morton 
I of Boston, who died at | Groton July 25*? 1793; | ^Etatis 81.- 
And in Memory | of Cap* Dimond Morton | his son, who died 
Feb y 2? I 1792 JEt. 49. 

Death great proprietor of all, 'tis thine 
To tread out Empires & to quench the ^ tars - 

Young's night tho* 

In Memory of | Andrew Newell, son | of Jon? A. Newell 
Esq? I & Mrs. Nancy his wife | who died March 11. 1804 | aged 
3 years & 5 M? 

Child of sorrow, Heir of bliss, 

Releas'd from ills no art could cure, 

Now share the joys of Paradice, 

Unmix'd with pains we here endure. 


Let some kind Angel watch thy tomb 
And in the resurrection morn 
Thy body, in corruption sown, 
Shall put immortal beauty on. 

Erected | In memory of | Capt. Allen Nye, | (formerly of 
Sandwich) | who died | July 20, 1825. | JEt. 61 years. 
Blessed are the dead, who die in the Lord. 

Erected | In memory of | Mrs. Rebekah, | relict of the late | 
Capt. Allen Nye ; | who died (in Boston) | April 18, 1833, | ^t.60. 
Thy Saviour call'd thee hence, 
To dwell with saints in heaven. 

Here lyes the Body of Isaac Powers 
One of the sweet and pleasant flowers 
Who in his Lifetime Lived well 
But God did toll his mournfull bell 
Let this be a call unto the rest 
When God doth take from us y° best 
Who was a pattern to us all 
But God can give a louder call 
All earthly Parents now behold 
The price of Grace is more than gold 
Prepare to meet your Children first 
At the resurection of the Just. 
Who Died December 15 th , 1729 
In y e 29 th Year of his Age. 

Clarrissa K. Pratt | Born | Aug. 17, 1809, | Died | Jan. 13, 

Elias Pratt, I died I July 14, 1851,1 JEt. 76. | Sally, 
his wife died | Sept. 18, 1855, I &*• 7& y rs - I0 mos - 

Hannah Prentice | wife of | Henry Prentice, | & their infant 
babe | died Feb 5 : 29/? 1786. | Aged 22 years 


In Memory of | William Henry | Prentice Esq? | who died | 
April 12 1 ? 1798. I aged 71. 

Memento mori | In memory of | Mf Mary Rand, | the wife 
of | M? Joseph Rand | of Charlestown ; | she departed this Life | 
June y e 5* : h 1777. In y e | 68^ year of her age. 

Memento mori | Interred Here Lye the | Remains of Liev* | 

Paul Raymond | who departed this Life | April y e 17 th A D 

1759 I in the 65 th year of his Age 

From deaths Arrest 
No age is free 

Catherine, | wife of | Edward A. Reed, | Died | March 14, 
1873, I JEt 86 yrs. 7 m's. & 7 d's. 

" Blessed are they who 
die in the Lord." 

Edward A. Read | Died | Oct. 19, 1849, | aged 62. 
Whatsoever thy hand nndeth to do, 
do it with thy might ; for there is 
no work, nor device, nor knowledge, 
nor wisdom, in the grave, whither 
thou goest. 

My glass is run | Interr d Here, I Is the Remains | of | 
Isaac Reed Esq. 1 : | who deceas'd Dec? y e 5 1 ? | AD. 1789; In the 
35 t .! 1 I Year of his age. 

His patience shone with luster bright, 

While many pains and griefs he bore ; 

At length to Heav'n he took his flight 

Where pains and griefs are known no more. 

The flowing tears wipe from your Eyes, 
To mourning Friends He seems to say 
Cleave close to God and soon you'l rise, 
To those unclouded realms of day. 


Here lies the Body of | Mary Reed (Daughter of | Isaac 
Reed Esq.? and | M? 8 Mary his wife) | who died Nov.? y e 16^ | 
1789; Aged 4 months | and 11 days. 

Fair in the morn the summer rose 

Hangs wither'd Ere it's noon 

We scarce enjoy the Balmy gift, 

But mourn the pleasure gone. 

In Memory of | William Reed | (son of | Isaac Reed Esq? & 
I Mf. 8 Mary his surviveing | Consort) who died | Dec?. 16^ 1790 
Aged 5 I years 3 months & 23 days 

Fairwell bright soul a short fairwell 
Till we shall meet again above ; 
In y e sweet grove where pleasures dwe 11 
And trees bear fruit of Life and love 

Memento mori | In Memory of Miss | Eunice Richardson | 
(Daughter of William | Richardson of Lancaster | Esq? & M r . s . 
Mary his | wife) who departed | this Life Oct.? 24^ AD \ 1780. in 
the 32?. year | of her age. 

Affliction sore long time I bore, 

Physicians was in vain j 

Till God did please & death did 

To Ease me of my pain. seize, 

Here lyes Buried y e | Body of M rs Hannah | Robbins Wife 
toM? I Benjamin Robbins | Who Died Decem br 9 th | Anno Dom! 
1 73 1 in y e I 47 th Year of Her age. 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of | Daniel Rogers | y e Son of 
y e Reu d M r Daniel Rogers | & Mr 8 Elizabeth | His Wife Who | 
Dec d August I y e 16 th A.D 1740 | Age 6 Mont 3 2 D 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of Daniel | Rogers Son of y e | 
Reu d M r Daniel | And M rs Elizabeth | Rogers. Who Dec d | 
November 27 | A.D. 1746 | Age 1 year | & 9 M 


Here lies buried the body of | the Rev? M* Daniel Rogers, | 
who died Nov. y e 22 d . 1782; In the | yf? year of his age, and in 
the I 52? year of his ministry. 

A learned and faithful Minister is God's delight. 

Daniel Rogers Esq, aged 51 died | March 16, 1803. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of | Mr 8 Elizabeth Rogers | 
Wife of The Reu d | M r Daniel Rogers | of Littleton Who | 
Departed This Life | May ye 14 1759 | Jn y e 42 year of | Her 

Here lies buried the body of | M r . s Elizabeth Rogers, consort 
of I the Rev d MF Daniel Rogers, | who died Sept. y e 13? 1779, | 
In the 74^ year of her age. 

In I Memory of | Mr. Eri Rogers, | who died | July 2, 1 8 19; | 

JEt 47. 

M7 Hannah Rogers, aged 42 wife | of Daniel Rogers Esq, 
died July 8, | 1798. 

Miss Hannah | Rogers, | Died | July 2, 1847, I ^ t 37- 

Hannah, | wife of | Eri Rogers, | died | Apr. 9, 1855, | ^Et. 

Here lies Buried | y e Body of John | Rogers Son of y e | 
Reu d . M r Daniel | And M rs Elizabeth | Rogers Who Died | June 
11 I A. D, 1754 I Age 1 year & | 5 M 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of | Mr 3 Mary Rogers | y e Wife 
Of I y e Rev d M r | Daniel Rogers | Who Died | February y e 14 th 
j Anno Dom 1737-8 | & Jn y e 25 th year | Of Her Age. 


Here lies buried the body of | M r ? Mary Rogers the wife of 
I M r : Daniel Rogers Jun. who died | May y e 14^ 1782, aged 26 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of Sarah | Rogers Daughter of 
y e I Reu d M r Daniel and | M rs Elizabeth Rogers | Who Departed 
This I Life May 27 | A. D. 1753 | Age 4 years & | 8 M 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of | Mr 8 Sarah Rogers | The 
Wife of I Daniel Rogers Esq r | of Jpswich Who | Departed This 
Life I January y e 23 | 1755 Jn y e 83 | year of Her Age 

Erected | In | Memory of | Mrs. Sarah B. Rogers | wife of | 
Mr Ery Rogers | who died | Feb. 23, 1805. | JEt 29. 

In I Memory of | M r f Mary Sanderson, | wife of | M\ Moses 
Sanderson, | who died | Sep* i8- h 1789; | in y e 61 s : year | of her 

In Memory of j Mr. Moses Sanderson, | who departed this 
life I Aug* io*.! 1 1798, aged | yj years 5 months | & 16 days. 

*Here sleeps | until the resurrection morn, | The Rev. | Ben- 
jamin Shattuck, I son of | Dr Philip Shattuck, | ofWatertown : | 
the first ordained minister | of Littleton. | Born May 15, A. D. 
1684. I Died A.D. 1763. | Mi. 79. 

Here Lies Buried | ye Body Of | Jonath" Shattuck | Son Of 
y e Reu£ M r | Benj a Shattuck | & Mr 3 Martha | His Wife Who | 
Dec d Febr y y e 19 th | A.D 1744-5 A ge | 16 years & 7M 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body Of | Moses Shattuck | Son Of 
y e Reu d M r | Benj a Shattuck | & Mr 8 Martha | His Wife Who | 
Dec d Decemb r | y e 13 th 1737 | Age 4 years | & 6 M 

* See p. 47. 


Mary Gardner, | wife of | Joseph W. Smith, | died June 3, 

1856, I aged 31 yr's. 

Beloved one, she did not fear to die, 
Nor dread the cypress gloom ; 
Her faith beheld with cheerful eye 
A bliss beyond the tomb. 

In memory of | Mrs. Lydia Symmes | wife of Mr. Caleb 

Symmes | of Groton who died | Decf 5. 18 12. | JEt. 50. 

The sweet rememberance of the just 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

Here lies the | Body of Deacon | Caleb Taylor | who de 
parted | this Life July u* h | 1762 | In the 73 Year of | his age. 

In I Memory of | Deacon Elias Taylor | who departed this 
life I NovF. 2 1 8 .' 1797. I in the 76 year of | his age. 

In I Memory of | Mrs. Elizabeth Taylor | widow of | Dea. 
Elias Taylor, | who died 1 Dec. 1808. | JEt. 82. 

Memento mori | In memory of | M^ Jedidiah Taylor | who 
departed this Life | Octf y e i6* h 1791 ; | In the 36^ year | of his 
age. I Erected by his Relict 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Mary Taylor, wife 
of I Deacon Caleb | Taylor, who De= | parted this Life | Novem- 
ber i 8t 1770 I In the 90* 11 year of | her age. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of M r | Oliuer Taylor Who 
Died January y e 2 | 1759 Aged | 45 years 10 | Months & 26 D s 

Here lies y e body of | M rs Sarah Tenny wife | of M r Oliver 
Tenny | who departed this Life | April y e 15 1779 | Aged 40 
years 9 | months & 9 Days 


Emma L. | Daughter of | George W. & | Atlanta A. Tuttle, 
died I Oct. 22, 1853, | ^t. 15 i— mos. 

Pure, lovely, flower, for earth too pure, 
The Saviour bids thee bloom above. 

Miss I Lucreti'a Tuttle | Dau* of William & | Mary Tuttle, 
died July 10, 1852, | JEt 60. 

" Blessed are the pure in heart for 
they shall see God." 

Memento mori | Here lies Buried the | Body of M" Martha 
Tuttle, wife of Lieu* | Samuel Tuttle, who | departed this Life 
October. $f 1768. | Aged 56 years, | 8 months and 18 days. 

Memento mori | Erected | In memory of | M? Mary Tuttle 
I Consort of | Lieu? William Tuttle | who departed this Life | 
Sep- 27V 1 AD. 1787; I Aged 30 years | 2 months & 15 days. 
" Present useful, absent wanted, 
Liv'd desir'd, died lamented." 

In Memory of | Mrs. Mary Tuttle, | wife of | Mr. William 
Tuttle, I (formerly the wife of | Isaac Reed Esqr. deceas'd) | 
who died March. 31, 1809 | JEt. 53. 

Present usefull absent wanted, 
Liv'd desir'd & di'd lamented 

Memento mori | Here lies Buried | the body of | Lieu* 
Samuel Tuttle | who departed this | Life Dec 1 ? 1 1 1 ? 1780. | In the 
72? I year of his age. 

Frail man soon as born decays, 
Like flowr that quickly faid ; 
He counts a few & troublous days, 
Then passes like a shade. 


Mother | Sarah S. | wife of | Thomas S. Tuttle, | Died 
Oct. 23, 1846. I JEt 53. 

Rest in peace departed spirit 
Throned above, 

Souls like thine with God inherit 
Light and love. 

Father | Thomas S. Tuttle | Born | Feb. 22, 1796, | Died 

Dec. 22, 1882. 

" They rest from their labors 
and their works do follow them." 

In memory of | Mr. William | Tuttle, | who died | Jan. 3, 
183 1 : I JEt 86. 

In memory of | Mr. Paoli Pitt Tyng, | who died FebF 21 s ?* 
1794. in the 25^ year | of his age. 

Friends & Physicians could not save, 
My mortal body from the grave ; 
Nor can the grave confine me here, 
When Christ shall call me to appear. 

Abraham | Watson [Foot stone only] 

In memory of | Elisha Wellington Jr. | Son of | Mr. Elisha 

& Mrs. Betsy Wellington | who died Augt.9. 1810. | Aged 2 years 

6 months | and 18 days. 

Sleep on sweet Child & be at rest, 
To call thee home God saw it best. 

Here Lies y e | Body Of Phinia 8 | Wheeler Son Of | Mr John 
& Hannah | Wheeler Who | Died December | y e 16 th 1726 | Being 
3 years | & 7 Months | Old 


Memento mori | Here lies the Body | of Cornet Ephraim | 
Whetcomb who | departed this Life | Nov? ii 1 ? 1773 Aged 71 | 
years & 7 months 

Behold all you that passeth by 

As you are now so once was I 

As I am now so you must be 

Prepar 9 for Death and follow me 

Erected | In Memory of | Mr. Oliver Whitcomb, | who died 
July 28. 1807. I JEt. 86. 

Erected | In Memory of | Miss Ruth Whitcomb | Daughter 
of I Mr. Oliver Whitcomb & | Mrs Sarah his wife | who died | 
June y e 24*. 11 1796 | in y e 28*. h year | of her age 

Mark my gay friends y e solemn tale, 
Speaks y e departure of the soul 
Let each one ask himself am I 
Prepar'd, should I be cal'd to die. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Leonard | Whiting 
Son of I Leonard Whiting | Esq r and Mf Ann his | wife, who 
departed | this Life June 13 | 1764 Aged 2 years | 3 months & 
23 days. 

Memento mori | Here lies the | Body of Mf Elizab eth | Whit- 
ney wife of Lieu* | Moses Whitney who | departed this Life | 
July I7 t : h 1772 Aged | 73 years 11 months | and 15 days 

Here Lies Buried | y e Body of Mr 3 | Lydia Whitney | Wife Of 
Lieu* I Moses Whitney | Who Departed | This Life Sep tm 7 th | 
A.D 1744 I In y e 59 th year | Of Her Age 

Memento mori | In memory of | Lieu' Moses Whit= | ney 
who depart= | ed this Life May | 7^ 1778. Aged 88 | years, 10 
months | and 22 days. 


Here Lies Buried | The Body of | Cap! Salmon Whitney | 
Who Died March | y e 16 1759 I Aged 47 | years 2 months | & 
8 Days 

Memento mori | In Memory of | Mf Naomi Wild, | wife of 
M T : Samuel | Wild of Boston, | who departed this | Life Feb? 3? 
1776. I Aged 32 Years. | And allso in the same | Coffen two 
Infent child | -ren of M] Edward | Edes of Boston j Aged 5 

Joseph Henry, | son of | Henry & Lovey | Willard, | born 
A. D. 1808, I died A. D. 1833. 

Mary H. Willard, | Died | Dec. 26, 1877, | ^Et. 75 yrs. 
Life is the torrid day 
Parched by the wind and sun 
And death the calm cool evening hour 
When the weary day is done. 

Sarah Adams, | Daughter of | Henry & Lovey | Willard, 
born A. D. 18 14, I died A. D. 1821. 

Sacred | to the memory of | William Wilson, Son of | M* 
William Wilson & | My. 3 Mary his wife, | who died | Aug* : 19/?? 
1795 ; I In the 15^ y\ | of his age. 

Behold ye young that pass here by 

As you are now so once was I 

As I am now so you must be. 

Prepare for death & follow me 

Erected | In memory of | Mrs. Abigail Wood | Relict of 
Mr. Samuel Wood | who died | Feb?". 20? 1800. | Aged 74. 
Mark my friends the solem tale, 
Speaks the departure of the soul, 
Let each one ask himself am I, 
Prepar'd should I be cald to die. 


In I Memory of | M r Ebenezer Wood, | who departed this 
Life I Jan. ye 9^ 1789: | Aged 64 years, 3 months, | and 14 days. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Dea^L | John Wood Who 
I Died Fe b y e | 13 AD 1753 | Jn y e 70 year | of His Age 

Erected | In Memory of | M T : Samuel Wood, | who died | 
June y e 30? 1795, | in the 74 th year | of his age. 

From seene to seen® our shifting moments go, 
And then return y e earth y e dust we owe. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of M r8 | Sarah Wood Wife of | 
Deacon John Wood | Who Died January | y e 4 1759 Aged | 73 
years 1 1 Month 8 | & 7 D 8 


Of Names of Persons, Places, Etc. 

Numbers refer to pages of this volume. 

ABIGAIL (ship), 40. 

■**- Accompanatt, 45. 
Acton, 12, 15, 36, 52, 67. 
Adam, 142, 158. 
Adams, Charles Francis, 64. 
Emily K., 18. (Mrs. John W.) 
John W., 107. 
Advertiser, Boston, 50. 
Ahattawance, ) 26, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 
Attawan, > 101. 

Attawance, ) 

(See Tahattawan.) 

(See Nattahattawants.) 
Alcott, A. Bronson, 88. 
Allen, Mr., 96. 
Alps, 87. 

Ambler, John, 119. 
America, 30, 61, 85, 86, 87. 
American, 28, 50, 64, 73, 86. 
Americana, Archseologia, 120. 
American Antiquarian Society, 65. 
Angelo, 83, 87. 
Anglo-Saxon, 86. 
Annecoeken, 45. 
Antietam, 87, 125. 
Applebee, Jas. K., 88. 
Applin, John, 154. 
Applin, Sarah, 154. (Mrs. John). 
Apumatquin, 46. 
Aquetokush, 46. 
Archceologia Americana, 120. 
Arctic, 86. 
Arlington, 12, 92. 
Armenia, 83, 87. 
Army, United States, 125. 
Ashburton, 119. 
Ashburnham, 119. 
Assatt, Joshua, \ 45. 
Assunt, Joshua, J 
Australia, 83, 86. 
Awassaquah, 45, 46. 
Ayer, Rev., 88. 

BACON, Philip, 119. 
Baker, Amos, 127, 128. 
Daniel Fletcher, 127. 
Elizabeth, 127. (Mrs. Daniel Fletcher) 
Joseph, 52, 53. 
Capt. Joseph, 128. 
Matilda, 128. (Mrs. Amos). 
Rebekah, 128. (Mrs. William). 
William, 128. 

Banks, Gen. N. P., 88. 
Baptist Church, 57. 
Barber, 97. 
Barker, Cyrus, 91. 
Jonathan, 91. 
Joseph, 119. 
Barnes, David, 52. 

Moses, 119. 
Barrett, William, 34, 37. 
Barron, Benjamin, 35. 
Barry's, History of Framingham, 45. 
Beard, Ithamar, 91. 

Beaver Brook, j 17, 35, 36, 37, 52, 112. 
Bever Brook, J 
Bedford, 15, 67. 
Belknap, Rev. Jeremy, 65. 
Bell, 123. 
Bennington, 68. 
Berkshire County, 15. 
Bible, 32. 86, 96, 126. (See Scripture). 
Bigelow,' Edward B., 3, 18. 
Mary Jones, 18. 
Simeon, 119. 
Blanchard, Abigail, 128. (Mrs. Calvin). 
Calvin, 128. 
John, 128. 

Sarah, 128. (Mrs Thomas). 
Thomas, 35, 37, 128. 
Bolles, Daniel, 88. 
Bombazine, Lake, 118. 
Borneo, 83, 87. 

Boston, 14, 24, 29, 30, 35, 39, 46, 50, 65, 
68, 77, 101, 122, 127, 128, 130, 133, 
154, 163, 172. 
Botts, John Miner, 122. 
Boutwell, Hon. George S., 88. 
Bowers, Lucy, 128. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Samuel, 128. 
Boxborough, 5, 17, 27, 52, 56. 
Brackett, Hon. J. Q. A., 88. 
Bradford, Gamaliel, 88. 
Brandon, 14, 117, 118, 119, 120. 
Brazil, 83, 86. 

Breck, Amelia Josephine, 154. 
Lucy Ann, 154. 
George S., 154. 
Henry E., 154. 
Capt. Joseph, 154. 
Lucy, 154. (Mrs. Joseph) , 
Robert, 154. 
Bridge, Jeremiah, 154. 



Bridge, John, ) 154. 
Bridges, John, ) 
Bridge, Sarah, ) 154. 
Bridges, Sarah, J (Mrs. John). 
British, 20, 130. 
British India, 86. 
Brook Farm, 68. 
Brookfield, 32, 39, 44. 
Brooks, Matthew, 154. 

Ruth, 154. (Mrs. Matthew). 
Brown, Elnathan, 77. 

John, 83, 87. 

Mr., 40. 
Brown Hill, 37. 
Browning, Robert, 83, 87. 
Bryant, Rev., 88. 
Buckley, Joseph, 34. 
Bulkeley, Capt. Joseph, 155. 

Peter, 37, 99, 101, 103. 
Burbeen, James, 36, 37. 
Burnam, Abagail, 155. Mrs. Job). 

Job, 155. 

Mary, 155. 

Nathaniel, 155. 

Nichols, 155- 

Patty, 155. (Mrs. Daniel). 
Burnham, Asenath, 155. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Caroline A., 128. 
Burnham, Daniel, ) 155. 
Burnam, Daniel, ) 
Burnham, James H., 128. 

Nancy M., 128. (Mrs. James H.). 
Burns, R., 86. 
Burr, Aaron, 86. 
Buttock, John, 37. 
Buttrick, 25. 

Elisabeth, 129. (Mrs. Joseph). 

John, 37. 

Joseph, 129. 
PALIFORNIA, 16, 87, 122. 
^ Cambridge, 29, 41, 43, 48, 91. 
Campaigns of Army of Potomac, 126. 
Campaigns, Gen. McClellan's, 126. 
Cape Cod, 32. 

Cash, George H., 11, 12, 36, 56. 
Castleton, 117, 119, 120. 
Cavalry, First U. S., 124. 
Centennial Celebration, 66. 
Center, (Littleton), 57, 58, 61, 108, 110. 
Chamberlin, Thomas, 155. 
Chamney, Daniel, 102. 
Chapin, Dr. E. H., 81, 88. 
Chapultepec, 123. 
Charles I, 50. 

Charlestown, 128, 133, 164. 
Chase, Nathan, 129. 
Chelmsford, 34, 35, 36, 41, 97. 
Cheney, Dea. Edward, 119. 
Cherokee Indians, 79. 
Chicago, 117. 
China, 83, 85, 87. 
Chinese, 85. 
Christ, 85, 106, 132, 136, 140, 142, 145, 

147, 150, 151, 152. 
Christian, 28, 86, 98, 101, 149. 
Christianity, 98. 
Christianize, 68. 
Chronicle, Old Indian, 42, 43, 44. 

Churubusco, 123. 

Cincinnati, 124. 

Civil War, 122. 

Clafiin, Alan A., 18. 

Clarke, Rev. J. F., D. D., 88. 

Cleaves, Rev., 88. 

Clinton, 67. 

Cloues, Rev. William J., 3, 4, 9, 10, 75, 87, 

Cobb, Darius, 88. 
Cobleigh, Anna, 155. (Mrs. Nathaniel). 

Nathaniel, 155, 156. 
Codfish, The, 68. 
Coffin, C. C, 81, 88. 
Coggswell, Stephen, 8. 
Cogswell, Elizabeth, 129. (Mrs. Jeri- 

Jerimiah, / 129. 

Jeremiah, J 

Jeremiah, Jr., 129. 

Mary, 129. 
Colburn, James, 77. 

Colony, Massachusetts, 29, 39, 49, 50, 101, 
120, 121. 

Plymouth, 39, 65, 66. 
Columbia, 80. 
Columbus, 124. 
Common, Old, 13, 56, 57, 58, 107, 108, 

Commonwealth, 93, 94. 
Conant, Albert F., 3, 9, 18, 49, 62. 

Sarah P., 3, 18. (Mrs. Albert F.). 

Charles H., 18. 

John, 119. 

Julia S., 16, 18. 

Lizzie C, 18. (Mrs.Waldo E.) 

Lucy, 91. 

Waldo E., 3, 18, 87. 
Concord, 6, 12, 20, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36, 
40, 41, 43, 52, 61, 67, 72, 77, 92, 96, 
97, 101, 102, 103, 127. 
Connecticut, 29, 39, 44, 72, 118, 119, 120. 
Conway, 102. 

Conwell, Rev. Russell H., 81, 88. 
Cooper, Peter, 87. 
Coran, 85. 

Corey, Samuel, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38. 
Cote, Thomas, 109. 
Council, Governor's, 14, 40, 101, 102. 
Cox, E. A., 108. 
Crimean War, 123. 
Crittenden, John J., 122. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 83, 86. 
Crooked Robin, 101. 
Cudworth, Rev. W. H., 81, 88. 
Currier, John M., 14, 118, 120. 

Mrs. John M., 118. 
Curtin, Governor, 124. 
Cutler, Amos, 119. 
Cutshamekin, 98. 

DABY, John, 37. 
Daland, Oliver, 79. 
Daly, John, 7, 23. 
Danforth, Thomas. 45, 46. 
Daniel the Prophet, 87. 
Daniels, Capt. Nathan, 119. 
Davenport, Addington, 35, 36, 38. 
Davenport lot, 35. 

7 6 


Davis collection, 8, 11. 
Davis, Eleazer, 156. 
Eli F., 8. 
Elias, 129. 

Hannah, 156. (Mrs. Jonathan). 
Jane, 129. (Mrs. Simon). 
Jonathan, 156. 
Julia A., 8. 

Mary, 156. (Mrs. Eleazer). 
Samuel, 36, 37, 129, 156. 
Lieut. Simon, 129. 
Dedham, 9, 10, 40, 41, 50, 66, 67, 68, 71, 
Historical Society, 9, 63, 66, 67, 69, 70, 
Deeds, Registry of, 43. 
Deerfield, 66, 72. 
Deer Island, 32, 46, 98, 102. 
Dennison, Governor, 124. 
DeNormandie, Rev. James, 30. 
DeTocqueville, 64. 
Dexter, Hon. Samuel, 68. 
Dill, Peter, 41. 

Thankful, 41. 
District of Columbia, 80. 
Dix, Anne, 156. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Dea. Benjamin, 129, 143. 

Jonathan, 156. 

Samuel Kimball, 156. 

Sarah, 129. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Sarah, 91. 

Thomas R., 129. 

Thomas Russell, 91. 
Dodge, Hannah P., 59, 60, 78, 79, 88. 
Dole, Dr. Enoch, 130. 

Eunice, 130. 

Joseph, 130. 

Rebecca, 130. (Mrs. Joseph). 
Dorchester, 66, 98, 130. 
Dorsey, George A., 12, 13, 18. 
Doublet, Sarah, 11, 101, 103, 105. 
Doublet, Thomas, \ 11, 90, 101, 102, 103. 
Dublet, Thomas, J 
Douglas, 122, 123. 
Dow, Isaac W., 77. 
Drake, Samuel Gardner, 43, 97, 98, 99, 

Drew, Arthur, 12. 
Dublet, John, 45. 

Sarah, 11, 101, 103, 105. 

Tom, 11, 90, 101, 102, 103. 
Dudley, Abigail, 130. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Abigail, 130. 

Paul, 35, 36, 38. 

Samuel, 37, 38. 

Cornet Samuel, 130, 141. 

Mr., 96. 
Dummer, Elizabeth, 156. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Elizabeth, 156. 

Samuel, 156. 
Durkee, George C, 12. 
Dutton, Abagail, 130. (Mrs. James). 

James, 130, 131. 

Rebecca, 131. (Mrs. James). 

Sarah, 131. (Mrs. James). 

EAMES family, 40, 45. 
Eames, Thos., 45. 
East Cambridge, 43. 

Eastman, William B., 56, 109. 
Eaton, Ebenezer, 128. 

Mary, 128. (Mrs. Ebenezer Eaton). 

Matilda, 128. 
Eddy, Rev. D. C, D. D., 88. 
Edes, Edward, 172. 

Sarah, 156. 
Edwards, P. C, 109, 110. 
Egypt, 86. 

Eliot, Rev. John, 8, 10, 13, 26, 27, 28, 29, 
30, 31, 32, 33, 72, 74, 96, 97, 98, 101, 
103, 117, 120, 121. 
Elizabeth, 83, 86. (Queen), 
Elliot, Betsey T., 131. (Mrs. Jacob G.). 

Daniel M. M., 131. 

Jacob G.. 131. 

John E., 131. 
Elm, My Grandmother's, 115, 116. 

Our Great, 112, 113, 115. 
Emerson, R. W., 80, 81, 88. 
England, 29, 30, 31, 32, 41, 49, 50, 154. 
English, 26, 27, 28, 31, 39, 45, 49, 51, 68, 

80, 86, 90, 106. 
Englishman, 28, 98. 
Essex County, 29, 65. 
Essex Institute, 65. 
Europe, 59, 87, 123. 
Evans, Isabelle A., 18. 
Everallin, 116. 
Everett, Edward, 122, 123. 
Ewell, General, 125. 

FARR, John, 37, 156. 
Farr, William, 52. 

Thomas, 37. 
Farrar, Samuel, 57. 
Felch, Eugene, 113. 
Felton, Prof. C. C, 88. 
Ferris, Jonathan, 119. 
Fisk, Nathaniel, 119. 
Fitch, Mary, 141. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Mary, 141. 

Samuel, 141. 
Fitchburg, 153. 

Historical Society, 67. 

Railroad, 56. 
Flagg's Brook, 25. 
Flagg, Charles F., 110. 

Mrs. Chas. F., 82. 

Elmer, 110. 

Francis, 21, 22, 104. 

Isaac, 57. 

Solomon S., 12, 24, 25. 

William, 88. 
Flaggy Meadow, 37. 
Fletcher, Rev. Abel, 77, 88. 

Ancil, 157. 

Artemas S., 131. 132. 

Augustus W., 131. 

Daniel C, 3, 4, 16, 18, 111, 122, 126. 

Edward, 107. 

Mrs. Edward, 60. 

Capt. Eleazer, 108. 

Lydia, 157. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Margaret, 131. 

Mary, 131, 132. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Phebe, 131. 
Fletcher place, 35, 111. 
Fletcher, Rebekah, 131. 



Fletcher, Sally,131,132. (Mrs. Artemas S.) 

Sampson, 132. 

Ens. Samuel, 157. 

Samuel, 131, 132. 

Samuel, Jr., 132, 157. 

Susan, 157. (Mrs. Samuel). 
Ford, Frank, 56. 
Ford Place, 56, 109. 
Ford's Brook, 56. 
Fort Pond, 12, 38, 103, 104, 105. 

Brook, 37. 
Foster, Calvin, 77, 79. 

Charles, 132. 

Rev. Edmund, 20, 21, 43, 44, 104, 106, 

Maryann, 132. 

Moses, 51, 52. 

Phebe, 132. (Mrs. Edmund). 

Sally, 132. 

Street, 110. 
Fox, George, 86. 

Capt. John, 157. 

Jonathan, 157. 

Sarah, 157. (Mrs. John). 
Framingham, 40, 43, 45. 
Franklin, 86. 
Freemasonry, 77. 
French and Indian War, 73. 
French Neutrals, 73. 
French, Samuel, 52. 
Frost, Dr., 91. 

Edward. 6, 10, 14, 18, 47, 48, 89, 92, 
93, 95, 112, 115. 

Rev. George B., 3, 4. 

Sarah, 91. 
pABRIEL, 149. 
^ Gardner, Peter, 102. 

Samuel, 52. 
Garfield, President, 126. 
General Court, 11, 31, 72, 73, 92, 99. 
George I , 51. (King). 
George III., 54. (King). 
Georgia, 122, 123. 
German, 51. 
Germany, 51, 86. 
Gettysburg, 125. 
Gideon, Major, 119. 
Gifford, Rev. O. P., 88 
Gilbert, Abigail, 132. (Mrs. Jude). 

Isaac, 132. 

Joseph, 15. 

Jude, 132. 
Gleason, Caleb, 15. 

Joseph, 15. 

Sarah, 15. 
God, 29, 30, 106, 133, 143, 148, 149, 150, 

152, 155, 157, 163, 164. 
Golding, Abby, 157. (Mrs. Wm. B.). 

Abby C, 157. 

Wm. B., 157. 
Goldsmith, Lucy M., 18. 

Hannah, 132, 133. (Mrs. Richard). 

Richard, 132, 133. 

Sarah, 133. (Mrs. Richard). 

Sarah, 133. 
Goldsmith street, 111. 
Goldsmith, Thomas, 133. 
Gomps, 101. 

Goodridge, Dea. David, 153. 

Lydia, 153. (Mrs. David). 
Goodwin Jonathan, 133. 

Jonathan Dix, 133. 

Sarah, 133. (Mrs. Jonathan). 
Gookin, Capt., 101, 104. 

Daniel, 40„ 45, 98, 99, 101, 105, 106, 
120, 121. 

Major, 41. 
Goss, Joshua, 119. 
Governor, 44, 101, 102. 
Great Britain 15, 73, 74, 85, 86. 
Grant, Gen. U. S., 126. 
Great Indian Meadow, 37. 
Great James Natocotus, 101. 
Great Pine Hill, 37. 
Green, Emelie A., 18. 

James, 57. 

Mary, 157. 

Dr. Samuel A., 63. 
Greenhalge, Hon. Frederick T., 82, 88. 
Greenleaf, William, 48. 
Green Mountain, 118. 

Boys, 117. 
Greenwich, 117, 119. 
Groton, 34, 35, 37, 63, 72, 79, 102, 168. 

Historical Society, 67. 
Guidon, 117, 118. 
IT ACK, Zephaniah, 119. 
1 x Hadley, 44. 
Hager, A. P., 87. 
Hale, Rev. E. E., D., D. 88. 
Hall, David, 56. 

Hall's Lectures on School Keeping, 78- 
Hamilton, Rev. J. W., 88. 
Hamlin, Cyrus, 57. 

Hannibal, 57. 
Hampton, 119. 
Hancock, John, 12. 
Harding, Jesse, 133. 

Mary, 133. (Mrs. Jesse). 

Mary, 133. 
Harris, Mehitable, 133. (Mrs. Robert). 

Nancy, 133. 

Robert, 133. 
Harrisburg, 124. 
Hartford, 29, 118, 120. 
Hartwell, Amy Frances, 133. 

Anna, 57. 

Anna M., 133. 

Bethiah, 157. (Mrs. Josiah). 

Charles P., 56, 111. 

Eliza, 34. 

Elizabeth, 133, 135. (Mrs. Dr. Thomas) 

Haywood, 107. 

(See Hartwell, Nathan Haywood.) 

George H., 88, 133, 134. 

Hannah, 134. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Jonathan, 36, 75, 78, 134, 157. 

Lawrence, 134. 

John, 134, 136. 

Dea. John, 109. 

John S., 87. 

Ens. Jonathan, 157. 

Lieut. Jonathan, 158. 

Josephine, 60. 

Josiah, 134. 

Dea. Josiah, 157, 158. 



Hartwell, Lucy, 134, 138. 

LucyM ., 18. 

Martha, 134. 

Martha Maria, 133. 

Mary, 134. (Mrs John). 

Mary F., 133 (Mrs. George H.). 

Nathan, 57, 134, 135. 

Nathan Haywood, 135. 

(See Hartwell, Haywood). 

Nathan H., 135. 

Peter, 158. 

Sally, 134, 135. (Mrs. Nathan). 

Sarah, 157, 158. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Shattuck, 87, 107. 

Shattuck O., 88. 

Dr. Thomas, 133, 135. 

Thomas Haywood 135. 
Heartwell, Elijah, 136. 

Elizabeth, 136. (Mrs. John, Jr.) 

John, Jr., 136. 

Joseph, 136. 

Lydia, 136 
Harvard, 67. 
Harvard College, j 8, 10, 12, 59, 91. 

University, { 

Harwood Avenue, | 109, 110. 

Road, ) 

Harwood, Daniel, 158. 

Dorithy, 158. (Mrs. Ebenezer.) 

Ebenezer, 158. 

Herbert J., 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 
16, 18, 23, 39, 46, 87, 96, 106, 115, 
117, 119, 127. 

Mrs. Herbert J., / 3, 18. 

Emelie A., ) 

James, 37. 

Hon. Joseph A., 18, 77, 81, 110. 

Capt Joseph, 17, 53, 54, 158, 159. 

Joseph, Jr., 17, 56, 111, 158. (After- 
wards Capt.). 

Lucy M., 18. (Mrs. Joseph A.). 

Mary, 159. (Mrs. Peter.) 

Mary, 159. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Mary, 159. 

Col. Nahum, 91. 

Peter, 159. 

Sophia K, j 91. 

Mrs. Col. Nahum, J 

Thankfull, 159. (Mrs. Joseph, Jr.). 
Haskell, Anna, 159. (Mrs. James). 

James, 15 '. 
Hayti, 83, 86. 

Heathen Meadow Brook, 37. 
Heaven, 146, 158, 163, 164. 
Hell, 151. 

Hemenway's Vermont Gazetteer, 117, 120. 
Henderson, 105. 
Hendley, Ann M., 18. 
Hennessy, 105. 
Herculaneum, 85. 
Herrick, Mr., 79. 
Higginson, T. W., 81, 38. 
Hill, Generals, 125. 
Hill, Don Gleason, 71. 
Hinchman, Maj. Thomas, j 99, 101, 103. 
Henchman, Maj. Thomas, j 
Historical Collections of the Indians in 
New England, 105. 

Historical Sketch of Littleton, 97, 101, 115. 
History of Middlesex County, 115. 
Hoar, Dea. Benjamin, 159. 160. 

Esther, 160. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Joel, 75. 

John, 40, 44, 46, 101, 102. 

Oliver, 160. 

Dea. Oliver, 160. 

Reuben, 35, 103. 

Sarah, 160. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Silece, / 160. 

Silance, J (Mrs. Oliver). 
Holbrook, Josiah, 77. 
Holdin, Abner, 48. 
Holland, 29. 

Holmes, Dr. O. W., 88, 114. 
Hood, 87. 

General, 125. 
Hooker, 29. 
Hopedale, 68. 
Hornet, 11. 
Horton, Gideon, 119. 
Hosmer, Mr., 108. 

Caroline, A., 18. 
Houghton, Charles, 40. 

Cfemeut, S., 17, 18. 

Elizabeth, 90. 

Elizabeth, G., 17, 18. 

Mrs. J. C, 108. 

Lucy, M., 18. 

Nellie, M., 18. 
Houston, Sam, 122. 
Hubbard, 43. 
Huguenots, 68. 
Humphries, Gen. A. A., 126. 
Hunt, Dorithy, 160. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Jane, 160. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Samuel, 160. 

Samuel, jr., 160. 

Capt. Samuel, 160. 
Hunting, Capt., 45. 
TLLINOIS, 124, 125. 
-*■ Illinois Central Railroad, 124. 
India, 83. 
Indiana, 125. 

Indians, \ 10, 11, 12, 13, 21, 26, 27, 28, 29, 
Indian, j 30, 31, 32, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 44, 45, 46, 66, 68, 72, 73, 74, 79, 80, 
9n, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 
105, 106, 117, 118, 120. 
Indian farm, j 11, 12, 35, 74, 103, 105. 
Indian land, j 
Ipswich, 167. 
Ireland, 87. 
Irish, 86. 
Irishisms, 86. 
Irving, 87. 
Israel, 30. 
Italy, 83, 86, 87. 
JACKSON, "Stonewall," 125. 
J Jackstraw, John, 45. 
Joseph, 45. 
William, 45, 46. 
Jacob, 45. 

Jacobs, Braddock, 160. 
David, 119. 
Mrs. J. S., 108. 
Lieut., 45. 



Jacobs, Sarah, 160. (Mrs. Braddock). 

Sophia, 160. 
Japan, 83, 87. 
Jeffrey, Mr., 40. 
Jerusalm, 85, 86. 
Jesus, 133, 138, 139, 149. 
Jewett, Ahimaaz, 136. 

Aqiula, 161. 

Ezra, 136. 

Hannah, 161. (Mrs. William.) 

Jean, 161. 

Jonathan, 136. 

Joseph, 136. 

Mary, 57. 

Mary, 136. (Mrs. Ezra). 

Rebecca, 161. 

Rebekah, 136. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Samuel, 161. 

Thomas, 161. 

Lieut. William, 161. 
Joan of Arc, 83, 87. 
John, 46. 

Sagamore, 97, 100, 101. 
Johnson, Charles F., 18. 

Harry, O., 136. 

Jouney, O., 136. 

Martha P., 136, 137. (Mrs. Nathan K.) 

Nathan K., 136, 137. 

Nathl. K-, 137. 
Jones, Epraim, 11, 103. 

Elnathan, 11, 103. 

Samuel, 103. 
Josephine, 83, 86. (Empress). 
Josiah, Capt., S8. 
Junction (Concord), 61. 
xv Kehonosquaw, 97, 100. 
Kendall, David, 48. 
Kenny, Rev., 88. 
Kentucky, 122. 
Kidder, Mary, 57. 

Abigail, 137. (Mrs. Francis). 

Capt. Francis, 56, 1*9, 137, 143. 

Thomas, R., 137. 
Kimball, Allen W., 57. 

Augustus, 57, 137. 

Benjamin, 137. 

Benjamin, jr., 137. 

Lieut. Daniel, J 15. 134, 137, 138. 

Dea. Daniel, ) 

E. Amanda, 8. 

Everett E., 87, 108. 

James, 137. 

Dea. James, 75. 

J. A., 109. 

John, 23, 25, 57, 137. 

John H., 11. 

Lucy, 134, 137, 138. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Lucy, 138. 

Lucy, M., 18. 

Sophia, 91. 

William L., 3, 110. 
King, Richard, 57, 138. 

Street, 34, 35, 36, 109, 127. 
Knight, Madam, 68. 
Knowlton, Amos H., 16, 109. 

Francis P., 7, 20, 103, 108. 

George, 108. 

Knox, T. W., 81, 88. 

Korea, 87. 

T AMSON, Rev., 88. 

- L# Ladies' Magazine, 116. 

Lancaster, 32,34, 40, 41, 43, 44, 102, 130, 165 . 

Lapham, Eliza, 79. 

Laud, Archbishop, 29. 

Lawrance, Abraham, 138. 

Betty, 138. 

Capt. David, 161. 

Edmon, 138. 

Isaac, 138. 

Maj. Elezer, 34, 37, 161. 

Hannah, 161. (Mrs. David). 

Jabez, 138. 

Jonathan, j 138, 161, 162. 

Dea. Jonathan, j 

Joseph, 138, 139. 

Marcy, 138, 139. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Mary, 161. (Mrs. Elezer). 

Mary, 138. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Metrildy, 139. 

Ruth, 138. (Mrs. Thomas). 

Samuel, 138. 

Thomas, 138. 

Tryphena, ) 138, 162. 

Trypheuny. ) (Mrs. Jonathan). 
Lawrence Academy, 13. 

Charles, M., 18. 

Dea. David, 161, 162. 

Eleazur, 34, 37, 161. 

Jonathan, 51. 

Mary, 138. 

Martha, 162. (Mrs. David). 

Peleg, 138. 

R., 88. 

Ruth, 138. (Mas. Peleg). 

Sarah, 162. (Mrs. Timothy). 

Timothy, 162. 
Lee, General, 125. 
Legislature, 11, 31, 72, 73, 92, 99. 

Ohio, 124. 
Leighton, Amos, 20, 21, 22, 42, 44. 

Francis, 20. 
Leominster, 12. 
Lewis, Dio, 81, 88. 

Mrs. Dio, 81. 
Lexington, 1 -, 37, 67. 
Libby Prison, 87. 
Liberty Square, 55, 56, 109. 
Lincoln Abraham, 83, 87, 122, 123. 
Little Rattlesnake Meadow, 37. 
Littleton, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 27, 34, 35, 
36, 40, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53, 60, 61, 63, 72, 
75, 77, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 90, 91, 
92, 104, 107, 108, 109, 115, 117, 119, 
120, 166, 167. 

Common, 13, 56, 57, 58, 107, 108, 127. 

Historical Sketch of, 97, 101, 115. 

Historical Society, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 
18, 63, 78, 91, 93. 
Livermore, Mary A., 81, 88. 
Liverpool, 154. 
London, 40, 51, 87. 
Long, Hon. John D., 77, 82, 88. 
Longley, Anna, 139. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Jonathan, 139. 
Long Meadow Brook, 37. 



Long Pond, 36, 37, 38. 

Store, 91. 
Longstreet, General, 125. 
Loomis, Rev. Elihu, 81, 88, 108. 
Lord, 33, 134, 135, 137, 145, 163, 164. 
Loring, Hon. George B., 81, 88. 
Lowell, 66, 97, 103. 

James Russell, 112. 

Mail, 103. 
Lunenburg, 14. 
Luther, Martin, 83, 86. 
Lyceum, Littleton, 9, 10, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85. 

Maine, 68. 
Majesty, His, 92. 
Maiden, 40. 

Manning, Dea. Otis, 41. 
Maquas, 100. 
Manning, Jonathan, 162. 

Lydia, 162. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Mary Harwood, 162. 
Marchant Thorns, 101. 
Marcy, Capt. R. B., 124. 
Marlborough, 39, 45, 97, 104. 
Marshall, Elbridge, 11, 23, 56, 105. 
Mary, 50. (Queen). 
Mashoba, 97. 

(See Nashoba). 
Massachusetts, 8, 15, 29, 39, 44, 49, 50, 51, 
59, 68, 71, 72, 112, 115, 117, 119, 120, 

Historical Society, 9, 65. 

Records, 121. 
May, Phila, 82. 

McClellan, Gen. Geo. B., 16, 123, 12+. 125, 

Mrs. Geo. B., 124. 
McDonald, Hugh, 109. 
McElligott, Mrs., 7, 21. 
McKinley, Mr., 57. 
McNiff, P., 109. 
Mead, Abraham, 137, 139. 

General, 125. 

Lucy, 139. (Mrs. Abraham). 

Mrs., 108. 
Melvin, Capt. Eleazer, 11. 
Memoirs of Gen. W. T. Sherman, 126. 

Personal of U. S. Grant, 126. 

Menotomy, 92. 
Merchant, Thomas, 101. 
Meriam, Daniel, 139. 

Hannah, 139, 140. (Mrs. John). 

John, 139, 140. 

Lieut. John, 139. 

Martha, 139. (Mrs. Willard). 

Mary, 139. 

Moley, 140. 

Sarah, 139, 140. (Mrs. Willard). 

Sarah, 140. 

Silas, 140. 

Willard, 139, 140. 
Merriam, Mrs. Adolphus, 43. 

Deacon John, 37. 

John, 14, 15. 
Merrimac, 32. 
Metcalf, Lucy A., 18. 
Mexican War, 123. 

Mexico, 83, 87. 

Middlesex, 48, 92, 112, 115, 120. 

Gazetteer, 120. 
Millen, John, 162. 

Sally, 162. (Mrs. John). 

William, 162. 
Minott, Stephen, 52. 
Mississippi, 14, 119, 120, 124. 
Mo^uncog, ) 45, 46. 
Mogoncocke, ] 
Mohammed, 85. 
Moore, James F., 10, 13. 
Morse, Old Goodman, 102. 

Prof., 88. 
Morton, Capt. Dimond, 162. 

Rev. J. F., 81, 88. 

Joseph, 162. 
Mosley, Capt. Saml., ) 43, 44, 46, 101, 
Mosely, Capt. Saml., J 102. 
Mott, Dea. John, 119. 

Samuel, 119. 
Mount Hope, 39. 
Murphy, Mr., 7, 20. 
Musketaquid, 96. 
Muzzey, Amos, 15. 

William, 57. 
TSJAANASQUAW, 97, 99, 100. 
l * Naanishcow, 97, 9, 100. 
Naashkenomenit, 100. 
Nagog Pond, 36, 41, 152, 20. 
Naragansett Township, 48. 
Narragan setts, 39. 
Narrative of the Indian Wars, 43. 
Nashaway, ( 32 43, 44, 46, 121. 

6, 7, 11, 14, 20, 23, 25, 27, 
28, 35, 36, 40, 41, 46, 51, 
90, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 102, 
103, 105, 106, 117, 118, 119, 
120, 121. 









(See Mashoba). 
Nashua, 32, 43, 44, 46, 121. 
Nasing, 29. 
Natahoonet, 101. 
Natick, 27, 28, 32, 45, 72, 98, 99. 
Natocotus, Great James, 101. 
Nattahattawants, 26, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 

(See Tahattawan). 
Needham, Hon. Daniel, 88. 
Neepanum, ) 11, 90, 101, 102, 103. 
Nepanet, | 

(See Doublet). 
Neill, Dr. R., 81. 88. 
Nenestan, Job, 30. 
Neponset, 26, 30. 
Netus, 40, 43, 45, 46. 
New Braintree, 41. 
Newell, Andrew, 162. 

Jonathan, A., 162. 

Nancy, 162. (Mrs. Jonathan A.) 
New England, 39, 50, 63, 65, 66, 72, 77, 

85, 86, 105, 112. 
New Hampshire, 72. 
New Orleans, 122. 
Newton, 26. 



Newton Meadow, 37. 
Newtown, 11, 12, 57, 103. 
Newell, Rev. F. R., 88. 
New York, 68, 81, 124. 
Nichols, Rev. W. I., 87, 109. 
Niles, W. H., 81, 88, 
Nipmuck, 39, 40. 
Nonantum, 26, 27, 28, 30. 
Norfolk County, 68. 
Norsemen, 86. 
North America, 85. 
North American Review, 77. 
Northampton, 44. 
North Bridge, 25. 
Nowell, Mr., 96. 
Nuckommewosk, 101. 
Nssquan, 101. 
Nye, Capt. Allen, 163. 

Augusta, 10, 13. 

Rebekah, 163. (Mrs. Allen). 
fWSCOW, Jeremiah, 99. 
w Ohio, 124, 125. 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, 124. 
Old Colony, 65, 66. 

Colony Historical Society, 66. 

Hundred, 81. 

Indian Chronicle, 42, 43, 44. 
Olds, George, 119. 
One Pine Tree Hill, 17. 
Oonamog, 97, 100. 
Oregon, 85. 

O'Reilly John Boyle, 49. 
Own Story, Gen. McClellan's, 126. 
OACIFI'C Railroad, 123. 

Pakananunquis, 45. 
Parker, E. G., 88. 

Mrs. James A., 60. 
Parliament, 31. 
Parlin, John, 37. 
Parmer.ter, Josiah, 119. 

Nathan, 119. 
Parsons, William, 88. 
Patch, Frank A., 17. 

George, 109, 110. 

Hannah, 140. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Isaac, 140, 141. 

Jane, 140, 141. (Mrs. Isaac). 

Dea. Jonathan, 140. 

Lucy, 141. 
Pawtucket, 32, 91 . 
Payson, Phillips, 52. 

Samuel, 52. 
Peabody, Gearge, 83, 87. 
Peacock, 11. 
Peck, Dr. J. O., 81. 
Peninsular Campaign, 126. 
Pennakennit, | 98. 
Pennahannit, ) 
Pennsylvania, 123, 124, 125. 
Pentateuch, 85. 
Perham, John, 37. 
Perry, Seth, 102. 
Phelps, Lucy, A., 18. 

Dr., R. H., 109. 

Dr., S. D., 88. 
Philadelphia, 66, 67. 
Philbrook, Judith, 41. 

Philip, James, 45. 

King, 9, 28, 32, 39, 46, 86, 98, 101, 102, 
Phillips, Wendell, 88. 
Pickard, Mr., 23, 24, 41. 

Place 40. 
Pilgrims, 49, 50, 65, 68. 
Pilgrim Society, 65. 
Pine Tree Hill, 17. 
Piper, Asa, 54. 
Plain Meadow, 37. 
Plymouth, 39, 65. 

Colony, 39, 65, 66. 

(See Old Colony). 
Poets' Tribute to Garfield, The, 126. 
Poland, 85. 
Pompant, 101. 
Pompeii, 85, 86. 
Pocumtuck "Valley Memorial Association, 

Ponds, 45, 46. 
Pope's Essay on Man, 79. 
Pope, General, 125. 
Porter, Augustus Kendall, 12. 

Eliza, E., 18. (Mrs. Isaac F.) 

Emily, K., 18. 

Rev. Isaac F., 8, 18, 26. 

John, 10. 

Col. John, 12, 56. 
Potomac, Army of, 125, 126. 
Powers, 23, 24. 118, 120. 

Dr. Benjamin, 119, 120. 

Farm, 6, 12, 34, 35, 36. 

Genealogy, 117. 

Hiram, 118. 

Isaac, 34, 37, 163. 

Jacob, 36, 37. 

John, 52. 

Capt. Josiah, 117, 119, 120. 

Matthew, 51. 

Trial, 34, 36, 40. 

Walter, ) 34, 35, 36, 37, 40, 41. 

Power, Walter, ) 

William, ) 37. 

Powers, William, ( 
Pratt, Clarrissa K., 163. 

Elias, 163. 

Sally, 163. (Mrs. Elias). 
Prentice, Hannah, 163. (Mrs. Henry). 

Henry, 163. 

William, 56. 

William Henry, 164. 
Prescott, Abel, 38. 

Rev. E. J., 88. 

Jonathan, 34, 37, 38, 102. 

Jonathan, Jr., 34, 35, 36, 37. 
Priest, Charles A., 9. 

Edwin H., 18. 

Frank B., 3, 6, 8, 12, 13, 16, 18, 20, 107, 
108, 111. 

Jacob, 108. 

Joseph A., 56. 

Mary J., 18. (Mrs. Joseph A.). 

Crossing, 57. 
Proctor, Abigail Ann, 141. 

Elizabeth, 90. 

Joel, 7, 10, 13, 18, 43, 89, 90, 91, 102, 
103, 107. 



Proctor, Mercy, 90, 141. (Mrs. Nathaniel). 

Nathaniel, 90, 141. 

Rebekah, 141. 

Robert, 92. 

Sarah, 141. 

Simeon, 25, 141. 
Proprietors, 17, 34, 35, 103. 
Prouty, Gardner, 81, 111. 
Province of Mass. Bay, 50, 51, 92. 
Prussia, 85. 
Pumapene, 46. 
Pumbroke, ) 156. 
Pembroke, ) 
Puritan, j 29, 68, 86. 
Puritans, ) 
Purmont, Philimon, 50. 

QUABAUG, ) 32, 44, 46. 
Quoboge, \ 
Quagony Hill, / 25, 40, 42. 
Quagana Hill, ) 
Quakers, 86. 
f) AND, Joseph, 164. 
1V Mary, 164. (Mrs. Joseph). 
Rattlesnake Hill, 37. 
Raymond, Lieut. Paul, 164. 
Read, Betsey, 141. 

Mary, 141. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Samuel, 141. 
Rebeckah, 97, 99, 100. 
Rebellion, War of, 16, 74. 
Reed, Abigail, 14. 

Abigail, 141. (Mrs. Peter). 

Benjamin, 23, 25. 

Catherine, 164. (Mrs. Edward A.). 

Catharine, 141. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Charles, W., 7, 20, 22, 42. 

Edward A., / 164. 

Read, Edward A., ) 
Reed, Eliza R., 146. 

Isaac, 164, 165, 169. 

Jefferson, 22. 

Jonathan, j 142, 143. 

Col. Jonathan, ) 

Jonathan, Jr., 142. 

Madison, 24. 

Mary, 165. 

Mary, 142. (Mrs. Poulter). 

Mary, 165, 169 . ( Mrs . Isaac) . 

Mary, 141. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Peter, 141, 142. 

Polly, 142. 

Poulter, 142. 

Rhoda, 142. 

Samuel, 21, 141, 146. 

Lieut. Samuel, 54, 143. 

Sarah, 142, 143. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Thaddeus, 143. 

William, 165. 
Reedy, Meadow, 37. 
Registry of Deeds, 43, 48, 96. 
Rehoboth, 40. 
Reports, Gen. McClellan's, 126. 

of the Society of Army of Potomac, 126. 
Reuben Hoar Library, 103. 
Revolution, ) 14, 20, 52, 53, 54, 

Revolutionary War, ) 59, 73. 
Rhine, 87. 
Rhode Island, 15, 72, 91. 

Rice, Mrs., 79. 
Richardson, Eunice, 165. 

Mary, 165. (Mrs. William). 

William, 165. 
Richmond, 125. 
Ridge Hill, 92. 
Bobbins, Benjamin, 165. 

Betsey, 57. 

Hannah, 165. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Mary W., 143. (Mrs. Nehemiah B.). 

Nehemiah B., 143. 
Roberts, Sarah, 141. 
Robin, Crooked, 101. 
Rubins, Aron, 119. 

George, 119. 

Robert, 37. 
Robinson, Col., 20. 

Dr. J. H., 108. 
Rocky Hill, 37. 

Mountains, 87. 
Rogers, Daniel, 165, 166, 167. 

Daniel, Jr., 167. 

Rev. Daniel, 10, 13, 52, 165, 166, 167. 

Elizabeth, 165, 166, 167. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Eri, / 108, 166, 167. 

Ery, ( 

Mrs. Eri, 108. 

Hannah, 166. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Hannah, 166. (Mrs. Eri). 

Hannah, 166. 

Ira, 56. 

John, 166. 

John, 10. (Sculptor). 

Mary, 166. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Mary, 167. (Mrs. Daniel, Jr.). 

Sarah, 167. 

Sarah B., 167. (Mrs. Ery). 

Sarah, 167. (Mrs. Daniel). 
Rome, 49, 87. 
Rowlandson, Rev., 102. 

Mrs., 40, 41, 44, 102. 
Roxbury, 30, 33. 
Russell, Abigail, 92. (Mrs. David). 

Abasial, 143. (Mrs. John). 

Abagial, 143. 

David, 92. 

Family, 10, 13, 91, 92. 

Isaac, 143. 

Isaac, Jr., 143. 

Jason, 92. 

John, 92, 143. 

Capt. John, 91, 143, 144. 

John, Jr., 91, 92, 143. 

Joseph, 92. 

Lucy, 91. 

Mary, 143. (Mrs. Isaac). 

Mercy, 144. (Mrs. John). 

Mercy, 90. 

Nathaniel, 92. 

Peter, 91. 

Philip, 92. 

Samuel, 91. 

Sarah, 141. 

Submit, 144. (Mrs. Thomas). 

Thomas, 88, 143, 144. 

William, 52, 92. 

Hon. William E., 92. 
Russia, 87. 



Rutland, 14, 103, 117, 118, 119, 120. 

County Historical Society, 14, 118, 119, 
C AGAMORE, John, 97, 100, 101. 
St. Louis, Mo., 154. 
Salem, 65, 77. 
Sam Sachem, 98. 
Sanborn, F. B., 88. 
Sanderson, Rev. Amasa, 75. 

Frank, 109. 

George A., 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 
17, 18, 34, 38, 87, 88, 127. 

Hon. George W., 3, 4, 9, 18, 81. 

John, 56. 

Mary 167. (Mrs. Moses). 

Moses, 167. 
Sandisfield, 15. 
San Domingo, 83, 87. 
Sandwich, 163. 

Islands, 87. 
Sandy Meadow, 37. 
Sarah, 11, 97, 100, 101, 103, 105. 
Sargent, Samuel, 56. 

William, 52. 
Savadge, Maj. Thomas, 44. 
Sawyer, Augelia W., 144. (Mrs. Asahel 

Asahel W., 144. 

Elizebeth, 144. 

Helen A., 144. (Mrs. Asahel W.). 

John, 144. 

Mary, 144. (Mrs. John). 
Saxon, 86. 

Schouler, James, 88. 
Sclavonic Race, 86. 
Scotland, 87. 
Scripture, 32, 86, 96, 126. 
(See Bible). 
Sears, Rev. Barnas, D.D., 88. 

Rev. E. H., D.D., 88. 
Senate, 14, 87. 

Sewall, Rev. William, 87, 88. 
Shaftsbury, 83, 87. 
Shaker Lane, 23, 25, 111. 
Shattuck, 27, 103. (Historian of Con- 

Benjamin, 48. (of Cambridge). 

Benjamin, 52. 

Rev. Benjamin, 10, 13, 34, 35, 36, 37, 47, 
48, 52, 167. 

Jonathan, 167. 

Josiah, 48. 

Martha, 167. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Memorials, 47, 48. 

Moses, 167. 

Dr. Philip, 47, 48, 167. 

Street, 107. 

William, 47, 48. 
Sheldon, Hon. George, 66. 

Dr. Nathaniel, 119. 
Shepard, Abraham, I 40, 41, 43. 

Abram, j 

Daniel, 41. 

Family, 40, 43, 44, 46. 

Isaac, 36, 40, 41, 42. 

Jacob, 40, 41, 42. 

Judith, 41. 

Mary, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45. 

Shepard, Mary, (Smeadly), 41. 

Ralph, 36, 40, 41. 

Ralph, Jr., 41. 

Samuel, 40. 

Sarah, 40, 41. 

Thankful, 41. 

Thanklord, ) 40, 41. 

Thankslord, \ 

Trial, 34, 36, 40, 41. 
Sheridan, R. B., 86. 
Sherman, Gen. W. T., 126. 

March, 87. 
Shipley, Jonathan, 144. 

Mary, 144. 
Shuttleworth, Hannah, 68. 
Siberia, 83, 87. 
Smeadley, Mary, 41. 
Smith, Albert, 3, 108. 

Candace, 145. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Emma W., 145. 

Frank N., 145. 

Henry A., 145. 

Horatio N., 145. 

Joseph W., 168. 

Lizzie H., 145. 

Lucy M., 145. (Mrs. Horatio N.). 

Mary Gardner, 168. (Mrs. Joseph W.). 

Nelson C, 145. 

Samuel, 24, 25, 47, 81, 92, 145. 

Rev. S. F., 81, 88. 

Sydney, 87. 
Socrates, 86. 
South America, 87. 

Framingham, 43. 

Mountain, 125. 
Spaniard, 86. 
Spark, 27. 

Speen, James, ) 103, 104. 
Spean, James, ) 
Speen's End, 103. 

Field, J 103, 104, 106. 

Spean' s Field, J 
Squaw Sachem, 97. 
Standish, Miles, 87. 
Staples, Rev. J. C, 87. 
Stearns, Abigail, (Reed), 14. 

Abigail, 145. 

Betty, 146. (Mrs. William). 

Charles, 7, 15, 18, 23, 25. 

Jonathan, 119. 

Hon. Josiah, 14, 15. 

Levi, 15. 

Noah, 25. 

Phoebe, 15. 

Samuel, 15. 

Thomas, 14, 15. 

William, 146. 
Stephens, William, 52. 
Stephenson, George, 87. 
Stepney, 40. 
Sterling, 90. 
Stevens, Alexander, H., 122, 123. 

Eliza, R., 146. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Hon. George, 88. 

Mrs. George, 60. 

Mary Jane, 146. 

Joseph, 146. 

Joseph Henry, 146. 

1 84 


Stevens, Josephine E., 146. 

Joseph Samuel, 146. 

Mary A. E., 146. 
Stewart, General, 125. 
Stockbridge, Dr., 88. 
Stone, Isaac, 146. 

Rev. Thomas T., D.D., 18. 
Stow, 35, 52. 
Stowe, Phineas, 88. 
Strong, Elisha, 119. 

Noah, 119. 
Stuart, Mary, 83, 87. 
Sullivan, Marian Dix, 14, 116. 
Suffolk, 96. 
Sumter, Fort, 124. 
Sutherland, John, 119. 
Swamp Fight, 39. 
Swan, Commissioner, 94. 
Swift, John L., 88. 
Swinton, 126. 
Symmes, Caleb, 168. 

Lydia, 168. (Mrs. Caleb). 

HT AH ATT A WAN, ) 26, 96, 97, 98, 99, 

L Tahattawans, 100, 101" 


(See Ahatawance). 
(See Nattahattawants). 
Tahattawan, John, 97, 98, 100. 

Sarah, 97, 100. 
Tahatooner, 97, 98, 100. 

(See Tahattawan, John). 
Tassansquaw, 97, 98, 100. 
Tatatiquinea, Peter, 102. 
Taunton, 66. 
Taylor, Caleb, 37. 

Dea. Caleb, 168. 

Dea., 51. 

Dea. Elias, 168. 

Elizabeth, 141. 

Elizabeth, 168. (Mrs. Elias). 

Henry T., 55, 56, 109. 

Jedidiah, 168. 

Mrs. Jedidiah, 168. 

Mary, 168. 

Oliver, 168. 
Tell, William, 87. 
Tenney, 103. 

Cheney, 146, 147. 

Elizabeth, 146. 

Frank E., 18. 

Huldah, 147. (Mrs. Cheney). 

Isabelle A., 18. (Mrs. Frank E.). 

John, 147. 

Minna E., 18. 

Samuel, 147. 

Sarah, 147. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Mrs. W. H., 82. 
Tenny, Oliver, 147, 168. 

Sarah, 168. (Mrs. Oliver). 

Samuel, 147. 
Tewksbury, Ann H., 147. (Mrs. Carlos). 

Dr. Carlos, 147. 
Texas, 85, 122. 
Thanksgiving, 68. 
Thatcher, John, 37. 
Thomas, John, 97, 99, 100. 

John, Jr., 99, 100. 



Thomas, Merchant, 101. 

Solomon, 100. 
Thompson, 117. 
Thoreau, 83, 87. 
Thresher, James, 147. 

Sarah, 147. (Mrs. James). 
Tilden, Amelia Josephine, 154. 

John, 154. 

Lucy Ann, 154. (Mrs. John). 
Tobin Place, 109. 
Todd, Capt. 81, 108. 
Townsend, 7, 15. 23. 
Treat, Major, 44. 
Tree Association, 107, 108, 110. 
Trumbull, J. Hammond, 14, 118, 119, 120. 
Turkey Swamp, 37. 
Turkish Empire, 86. 
Tuttle, Atlanta, A., 169. (Mrs. George 

Betsey, 57. 
Emma L., 169. 
George W., 169. 
Jeremiah, A., 105. 
Mrs. Jeremiah, A., 108. 
Joseph, 147. 
Julius, H., 9, 10, 13, 18, 
Lucretia, 169. 
Lucy, 148. 

Martha, 169. (Mrs. Samuel). 
Mary, 147, 148. (Mrs. Samuel, Jr.). 
Mary, 169. (Mrs. William). 
Mehitable, 148. 
Porter, 57. 

Rebecca, 147. (Mrs. Samuel, Jr.). 
Rebekah, 148. (Mrs. Sampson). 
Sampson. 148. 
Lieut. Samuel, 169. 
Samuel, Jr., 147, 148. 
Sarah S., 170. (Mrs. Thomas S.). 
Sophia, 57. 

Submit, 148. (Mrs. Sampson). 
Capt. Thomas, 119. 
Thomas, S., 81, 170. 
William, 169, 170. 
Lieut. William, 169. 
William, H. H., 12. 
Tyng, Paoli Pitt, 170. 

UNION, American, 50, 
Unitarian, 30, 109. 
United States, 59, 64, 66, 
University of Pennsylvania, 123. 
WERMONT, 14, 117, 119, 120. 

* Village Improvement Societ. 
Vinal, George, 25. 
Virginia, 122, 126. 

Campaign of 1864-5, 126. 
Vorse, Rev. A. B., 88, 108. 
\X/ABAN, ) 30, 97, 98, 99, 100. 

vv Waaubon, > 
Waubon, ) 

Waban, Thomas, 99, 100. 
Wabatut, 110. 
Wachusett, 102. 
Walker farm, 35. 
Waltham, 48. 
Wamesit, 97, 100. 
Wanuckhow, William, 45, 46. 


87, 125. 

Society, 109. 



Warren, Benjamin, 148, 149. 

Benjamin, Jr., 149. 

Elisabeth, 149. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

Eunice, 148. (Mrs. Benjamin). 

John Dix, 13, 14, 113, 

Mrs. John Dix, 113. 

Oliver, 148. 

Rebecca, 57. 

Sabra, 91. 

Susanna, 149. 
Warrin, Jacob, 149. 

Joseph, 149. 

Ruth, 149. (Mrs. Jacob). 
Wars, Narrative of the Indian, 43. 
Washington, 125. 

George, 9, 83, 87. 
Watertown, 40, 47, 48, 67, 72, 98, 102, 167. 
Watson, Abraham, 170. 
Watts, Charles F., 55. 
Webb, General, 126. 
Webster, Daniel, 83, 87. 
Weegramomenit, 99, 100. 
Wentworth, Governor, 117. 
Wellington, Betsy, 170. (Mrs. Elisha). 

Elisha, 170. 

Elisha, Jr., 170. 
Wesley, Edward, 17. 
West Church, Boston, 127. 
Westford, 7, 20, 34, 36, 41, 67. 
Westminster, 48. 
West Indian, 101. 

Point, 123. 

Virginia, 125. 
Weymouth, 40. 
Wheeler, Anna, 149. (Mrs. Thomas). 

Edward, 11, 149. 

Elizabeth, 149. (Mrs. Edward). 

Elizabeth, 149. 

Hannah, 150, 170. (Mrs. John). 

John, 37, 150, 170. 

John, Jr., 150. 

Jonathan, 150. 

Lieut. Joseph, 36, 41. 

Mary, 150. (Mrs. Jonathan). 

Phinias, 170. 

Samuel, 150. 

Thomas, 55, 149, 150. 

Willard, 52. 
Wheeler's Mill, 25. 
Wheelwright, Esther, 68. 
Whelan, John, 119. 
Whipple, E. P., 81, 88. 
Whetcomb, Cornet Ephraim, 171. 

Susannah, 151. 
Whitcomb, Ann M., 18. 

A. P., 81. 

Avenue, 110. 

Caroline, A., 18. 

Daniel, { 150, 151 

Whetcomb, Daniel, \ 
Whitcomb, George, 34. 

Lieut. Jonathan, 150. 

Lydia, 150. (Mrs. Daniel). 

Oliver, 171. 

Peter S., 18. 

Ruth, 171. 

Sally, 57. 

Sarah, 171. (Mrs. Oliver). 

White, Charles, 150. 

Dr. Edward Y., 14, 18, 116. 

John, 35, 36, 38. 

Mrs., 79, 108. 

Mountains, 86. 

Sarah F., 18. 

Rev. William H., 75, 77, 88. 
Whiting, Ann, 171. (Mrs. Leonard). 

Leonard, 171. 

Leonard, Jr., 171. 
Whitney, Elizabeth, 171. (Mrs. Moses). 

Lydia, 171. (Mrs. Moses). 

Moses, 17, 37. 

Lieut. Moses, 171. 

Salmon, 17. 

Capt. Salmon, 172. 
Whittier, John G., 83, 87. 
Wild, Naomi, 172. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Samuel, 172. 
Wilder, Hon. Abel 14. 

Nathaniel, 34. 
Willard, Capt., 27. 

Family, 103. 

Henry, 172. 

Joseph Henry, 172. 

Lovey, 172. (Mrs. Henry). 

Maj., 101. 

Mary H., 172. (Mrs. Stedman). 

Samuel, 10, 13. (Vice President Har- 
vard College). 

Sarah Adams, 172. 

Symon, 96. 
William, 50. (King). 
Williams, A. W., 88. 

Eliza E., 18. 
Wilson, Mr., 30. 

Mary, 172. (Mrs. William). 

William, 172. 

William, Jr., 172. 
Winchendon, 14. 
Winkley, Rev. J. W., 88. 
Winship, Rev. A. E., 81, 88. 
Winslow, Dea. Jedediah, 119. 
Winthrop, Governor, 96, 98. 
Woburn, 37. 

Woodbury, Rev., Mr., 88. 
Wood, Abigail, 172. (Mrs. Samuel). 

Amariah, 151. 

Amariah, 2d, 151. 

Amasy, 151. 

Bennet, / 151, 152. 

Bennit, ) 

Dea., 109. 

Dorithy, 151. 

Dorithy, 151, 153. (Mrs. Jeremiah). 

Ebenezer, 173. 
Woods, Jeremiah, ) 37, 51, 151, 152, 153. 
Wood, Jeremiah, ) 

Jeremiah, Jr., 151. 

John, 151, 152, 153. 

Dea. John, 152, 173. 

John, Jr., 152. 

Jonathan, 57. 

Lucy, 151, 152. (Mrs. John). 

Lydia, 153. (Mrs. John). 

Lydia, 151, 152. (Mrs. Bennet). 

Martin, 151. 

Nancy, 151. (Mrs. Martin). 

1 86 


Wood, Sarah, 153. 

Sarah, 173. (Mrs. John). 

Samuel, 172, 173. 
Worcester, 65, 108. 

County, 14, 39, 48. 
Worster, Ann, 153. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Joseph, 153. 

Marcy, 153. 

Jonathan, 153. 

Mary, 153. 

Rebeckah, 153. (Mrs. Jonathan). 
Wright, Augustus, 153. 

Wright, Hon. Carroll D., 88. 
Elener, 153. (Mrs. Peter). 
Elizabeth, 153. (Mrs. Augustus). 
Lizzie C, 18. 
Peter, 16, 153. 
Rufus A., 153. 
Wunnuhhew, 11, 101, 103, 105. 
(See Doublet, Sarah). 
Wytheville, 125. 
VAPP, George, 3. 
1 Yosemite, 87. 
Young's Night Thoughts, 162. 






4 i 7>;o 

1 86 


Wood, Sarah, 153. 

Sarah, 173. (Mrs. John). 

Samuel, 172, 173. 
Worcester, 65, 108. 

County, 14, 39, 48. 
Worster, Ann, 153. (Mrs. Joseph). 

Joseph, 153. 

Marcy, 153. 

Jonathan, 153. 

Mary, 153. 

Rebeckah, 153. (Mrs. Jonathan). 
Wright, Augustus, 153. 

Wright, Hon. Carroll D., 88. 
Elener, 153. (Mrs. Peter). 
Elizabeth, 153. (Mrs. Augustus). 
Lizzie C, 18. 
Peter, 16, 153. 
Rufus A., 153. 
Wunnuhhew, 11, 101, 103, 105. 
(See Doublet, Sarah). 
Wytheville, 125. 
AMPP, George, 3. 
* Yosemite, 87. 
Young's Night Thoughts, 162. 

^cdz ztzeC V>fc ^^ . Jc-/Lt- m <£■ /fay 





NO. 2. 


Littleton, Massachusetts : 

Published by the Historical Society 


4 1 VI 


<o > 





Read at a meeting of the Littleton Histori- 
cal society, June 18, 1900, by Miss. Martha 
II. Kimball, from dictation by her father, 
.John A. Kimball. 

Lest the subject assigned me, "Personal 
reminiscences of Littleton roads," encourage 
too much the characteristic usually attached 
to people of my years, I will confine myself 
mainly to the old roads now wholly or in part 

1'reviotis to my day the elm tree in my pas- 
ture by the inillpond, doubtless more than a 
hundred years old at the time I was born, 
invited to its shade the weary traveler over 
an old road extending from a point near Mr. 
1'eter \Vhiteomb\s to some place not definite- 
ly known, probably on King-st Evideuceof 
this may still he seen on the eastern slope of 
the hill back of .Mr. James Smith's residence. 
The exact course is unfamiliar to me, but in 
all probability the road passed very near the 
site of Mr. Fred Ilartwell's mill, as a certain 
man named Chase owned a mill located about 
half way between the present building by the 
railroad ami liar fvood-ave. The dam used 
in connection with the mill was removed by 
William McXill' and Mr. Lowers, his son-in- 
law. According to tradition, Mr. Chase, the 
owner, resided in a house which stood very 
close to the elm spoken of, as indicated by 
the cellar hole under its spreading branches. 

The stream was a source of great revenue 
in those days; for, in addition to furnishing 
water power, it supplied men with fish and 
wild ducks in abundance. It is fed by three 
main tributaries. Cold Brook, one of the 
the three, Hows from a place called Cold 
Rain, on the .John S prague estate, now owned 
by the Sheehan family. Its water was con- 
sidered superior in drinking qualities to all 
waters between here and Boston. Porter 
Brook, also called Leaver Brook, the next 
tributary in order, which used to supply 
power for Draper's oil mill and Whitcomb's 
saw mill in Boxhorough, doubtless derived 

its name from Col. Porter of Revolutionary 
fame, who lived near its bank in one of two 
houses burned on the site of Mr. Peter Whit- 
comb's servant's house south of his own 
home. The stream is joined by Reedy Mead- 
ow Brook, the third tributary, which rises 
not far from Mr. Michael McNamara's estate. 
In the meadow through which it flows large 
quantities of cranberries, hundreds of barrels 
in one season, were raked by Thomas ILirt- 
well, then residing on the Litchfield place, 
ami afterwards by Abraham Mead, father of 
Mr. Franklin Mead. 

But let us return to the old elm tree. Mr. 
Ilarwood in his history, says that the house 
referred to was the home, at one time, of 
Littleton's first town clerk and first select- 
man, Mr. Samuel Dudley. Matters of inter- 
est and importance to the town were not in- 
frequently discussed here. I remember that 
seventy-five years ago this month, June 1831 , 
the valuation of real estate in the town of 
Littleton was taken by Nahum Ilarwood, 
William Lapham, Thomas S. Tuttle, (apt. 
.Samuel Whitcomb and Capt. Asa Priest, who 
assembled lor this purpose under the tree, 
ami dined with my father, Jesse Kimball, 
who had served nine years previous in the 
same capacity with Nathan Brown, Joel Mar- 
shall, Martin Wood and Daniel Kimball, at 
which time the property of Littleton was ap- 
praised $238,409. 

It was claimed that a witch once lived iu 
this house, who was accused by three chil- 
dren living in the Elbridgc Marshall house, 
now owned and occupied by Mr. Charles 
Yapp, and later going to Med ford. 

Leaving the tree, the pond and this road, 
let us pass up Ring street to a point some six 
rods southwest of my house, and trace a 
street to Harvard, built by John Pingrey and 
Joel Hoar between seventy and seventy-five 
years ago, and following in large measure, 
perhaps one-third of the way, the exact 
course of the present Lactart road, leaving it 



forty rods this side of the factory, ami cross- 
ing the meadow, climbing the hill and strik- 
ing the town road twenty rods northwest of 
the Eastman or Hardy place, then following 
it for some distance and continuing straight 
to Harvard past the town farm. This was 
discontinued about fifty years ago, chiefly be- 
cause of its dangerous crossing on the rail- 
road, completed sixty-one years ago last fall, 
and alsc because the road from Fitchburg 
railroad station to the Eastman farm had just 
been constructed. This being best and short- 
est, was the most travelled of all the roads 
from Littleton to Harvard. A good deal of 
cotton waste was teamed from one of the 
lower cities or towns — Boston, I think — over 
this road to Harvard. Beef, pork and prod- 
uce were brought in large quantities by Ear- 
well Brothers of Harvard over the same route 
to Littleton station. 

Another piece of road now familiar to com- 
paratively few people, but never discontin- 
ued so far as I can ascertain, although little 
used except by private parties, connects the 
road passing the Eastman buildings, some 
twenty rods northwest of them, with that 
which passes in front of the Joseph Bobbins 
home, on to the Shaker community, the des- 
tination of many Lowell citizens on Sundays 
sc\enty-livc years ago, when the religious 
services of their sect were open to the pub- 

It may be of interest to follow an old road 
once much travelled, but now in part discon- 
tinued, extending probably from Boston, 
and passing Lawrence Tavern in the south 
part of Littleton where Deacon Moores Hart- 
well once lived, and well known as the Crane 
place. This continued past Liberty Square, 
thence on to Col. Porter's house, before re- 
ferred to, where another tavern, kept by 
Samuel Hunt, furnished hospitality for the 
traveler. From this point near Mr. Peter 
Whitcomb's residence it changed its direc- 
tion to the east, then north, afterwards north- 
west by the Ira Sanderson place, and again 
forty rods west to the point of Oak Hill near- 
est the station. From here a stretch of road, 
now discontinued for a distance of a quarter 
of a mile, extended, passing near Mr. Peter 
Kd wards' summer home, " The Ledges," and 

so on to the Eastman farm. The rest of this 
crooked route by the Bruce estate, through 
Pingreyville to the Bidge Hill Tavern, and 
thence to Groton, needs no further descrip- 

Tradition points to other discontinued roads 
better known by certain persons than by me; 
one passing near Mr. Samuel Sargent's, an- 
other over Cox Hill, and a third through 
New State woods towards Mr. Bradford 
Sampson's, not far distant from the dug-out 
home where Johuie Put spent the wretched 
existence that remained for him after Mrs. 
Put's first husband, Thompson, returned 
from the war of 1812 to claim his wife, who 
had, previous to her second marriage, given 
him up for dead. There are those living 
whose admiration for this unsung hero leads 
them to occasional pilgrimages through the 
woods to this sequestered spot where the 
Sabbath stillness is scarcely ever broken save 
by the song of bird or the stroke of wood- 
man's axe. With this exception, travel over 
the long since discontinued route is confined 
wholly to wood teams. 

A mile to the west one may pass from new 
State road by the home of .Mr. James llazzard 
through the shady, winding course to a point 
on the Groton road just a little north of Mr. 
Bradford Sampson's. Although open to the 
public, this road gives evidence of little trav- 
el. Well do I remember the repeated and 
strenuous efforts of those Pingreyvillagers to 
have this acquisition* made to the town, and 
it was only when they joined in league with 
the men on Old Common, who were at the 
same time urging the erection of a school- 
house in their village, that the two helped 
each other to secure the desired object. 

To this information, meagre and fragment- 
ary, 1 would gladly add any further know- 
ledge on the subject in my possession, and 
welcome all inquiries that friends wish to 
make. At the same time it will give me 
pleasure to learn new facts from those whose 
memory is stored with other and more valu- 
able data concerning these highways whose 
silent dust conceals the trace of much un- 
written history. John A. IvIMBALL. 
June 18, 1D0G. 




Prepared and read at a meeting of the 
Littleton Historical Society, February 22d, 
1905, by Mrs. Lucy M. Harwood. 

It may be of interest to follow the road, 
now King Street from the present Railroad 
Station to and around the Centre and Old 
Common, and note the houses and their 
occupants in 1838, or thereabouts. 

Mrs. Lydia Sanderson and her son Samuel 
owned and occupied the house now the resi- 
dence of Hon. George W. Sanderson. Mr. 
Jesse Kimball lived in the house destroyed 
by fire in July 1881, where now lives John 
A. Kimball. 

Next was the little house under the large 
oak where lived Mrs. Jefferds, widow of 
Sampson Warren, a brother of Dea. Labau 
Warren ; now owned by Mrs. Ellen M. 

Next lived Jonathan Cooper, who sold his 
house to Geo. W. Hand and built the cottage 
farther on, and on opposite side of the road 
where he and Mrs. Cooper lived and died. 

The old house, well repaired, standing in 
the turn to New State road, was the home 
of John Pushee, long town sexton or under- 
taker, and his wife — neat and eccentric. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Treadwell, a child- 
less couple who never sought or found favor 
in the eyes of children, lived on the spot 
where now lives F. C. llartwell, in the house 
moved later to corner of White Street, so 
called, improved and occupied by George 
W. Tuttle until burned by incendiary in 
January 1883. Mr. Trcadwell's shoemaker 
shop was where now is F. C. Ilartwell's barn. 
Later Mr. Treadwell built and occupied the 
cottage opposite Orthodox Church. 

Next was the home of Samuel Smith, the 
historian of Littletou, whose records of town 
events have great value as history; now 
occupied by Dr. Murray. 

The first Baptist Meeting House on the 
corner next, a plain brick building without 
belfry, was burned in August 1840. 

Next, where now lives Henry Ramsdell, 
lived Mr. and Mrs. Walker with three chil- 
dren. Mr. Walker, a small man, was said to 
have been a coachman to a wealthy family 
in Boston, and his long drab coat with sev- 
eral capes a relic thereof. When he sold to 
S. W. Ramsdell he removed to the house 
and farm owned now by George Cash. 

Jonathan llartwell, my father, lived with 
his large family where Shattuck llartwell 
lived later — where now lives Mr. Wilcox. 

Across the street, Alon/.o llartwell, then 
wood engraver, later a portrait painter of 
eminence with home in Waltham and studio 
in Boston ; father of H. W. llartwell, archi- 
tect, and oldest brother of Charles P. Hart- 
well. * 

In house now owned by Edward Frost 
lived his grandfather, Dea. Benjamin Dix, 
whose erect, vigorous form and gray hair 
tied with black ribbon many will remember 
as he stood in later years at the left of the 
preacher — unwavering — through the sermon. 
His tannery across the street, nearer the 
bridge, was later a tenement house till sold, 
and moved away. Uncle Dix, my grand- 
mother's brother, was conservative, and for 
years would allow no matches in his house. 
I remember the frequency with which Susan 
Call, the help, came at five o'clock of a sum- 
mer afternoon for a shovelful of coals to 
start fire for supper. 

Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Tuttle occupied the 
house now next the paint shop, then standing 
where now live the Misses Whitcomb, and 
noted as having been during the War of the 
Revolution the home of Rev. Daniel Rogers, 
second minister of this town. The stair 
asing still bears marks of bullets fired by a 


party — probably not of townsmen — who, 
knowing Mr. Rogers to be on tbe side of 
the mother country, compelled him to come 
out and declare himself. 

John L. Fletcher kept the store burned in 
December, 1849, on site of present centre 
store ; I think succeeded Reuben Houghton. 

The Yellow Store opposite was built and 
for a time occupid by George Lawrence. 
The small hall over it was used for private 
schools between the two terms of public 
school, and the Orthodox Congregational 
Society held meetings there while their 
church was building. 

The house, smaller then, where now lives 
George F. Brown, had, not many years before, 
been the home of Mrs. Lucy Hartwell Dix, 
who, on the death of her husband, Timothy 
Dix, of Boscawen, N. II., father of Gen. 
.John A. Dix, Governor of New York, re- 
turned to her native town with strong Cal- 
vinistic beliefs which the liberal preaching 
of Rev. Mr. Foster did not satisfy. Meet- 
ings with preachers of strict theology were 
held in her house until she was called before 
the church and censured. Admitting the 
error with promise to refrain from future 
schism she was re-instated in the church, 
but with the courage of her convictions was 
soon again having meetings in her bouse, 
which resulted later in secession and organ- 
ization of Orthodox Congregational Church. 
(See Records of First Congregational 

lu the square house built by the Parkman 
family of Boston, homo of the late Ik-. 
I'helps, lived Joel Hoar, brother of Reuben 
Hoar, and grandfather of E. A. Cox. 

Brigbam's dancing school used a small 
hall, since divided into rooms. 

The old church, built in 1792, with its 
three porches, high pulpit with sounding 
board, deacon's seats, square pews and gal- 
leries containing pews as well as singers' 
seats, was demolished in 1841 for erection of 
present church of First Congregational Uni- 
tarian Society. 

Abraham Mead lived and made shoes 
where now lives Frank Tenney. Among his 
apprentices were Levi Conant of Harvard, 
who married eldest daughter of Mr. Mead, 
and our talented and versatile Dr. K. Y. 

White, who soon left the bench for more 
congenial occupation. 

Next the blacksmith shop and house of 
Eli Davis of whose large family of sons and 
daughters but one daughter, a non-resident, 

Reuben Houghton (in the Foster house 
occupied now by Mr. Hopkins) whose finan- 
cial straits and the gratitude of his ison 
resulted in the Reuben Hoar Library and 
Houghton Memorial Building containing 

Next the house now owned by Hon. F. A. 
Patch, occupied by Joshua Ramsdell, and 
later by Rev. Oliver Ayer, pastor of Baptist 

Mr. and Mrs. Braddock Jacobs, grand- 
parents of George Jacobs, reared a large 
family where now lives E. II. Priest. One 
daughter, Mrs. Lydia Johnson, left to the 
town money for high school. 

Capt. Samuel Whiteomb, great-grand- 
father of N. II. Whiteomb, lived where now 
lives \V. II. Tenney, 

Solomon Gibson and wife in the house 
moved ami improved by Arthur Whitney. 

The old brick schoolhouse torn down to 
make way for the Town Hall has a venerated 
memory to many old scholars. Two terms 
of three months each, beginning first Mon- 
day in May and first Monday after Thanks- 
giving, taught in summer by a mistress and 
in winter by a master, comprised the school 
year supplied by the town, but the same 
teachers often supplemented with terms of 
private school. My first winter term was 
opened by a Mr. Bailey of rather pompous 
manner with an address to the school begin- 
ning, " Order is heaven's first law. We 
must have order." In second week of term 
the large boys — young men — turned him out 
and locked the door, aud Mr. Bailey left town 
for another field of usefulness. 

Rev. William II. White, long the beloved 
pastor of the First Church, aud his talented 
wife of blessed memory, lived in the house 
where now reside two of their daughters, 
the Misses White. 

Dr. John M. Miles, the town doctor, jolly 
and seemingly unsympathetic at times, when 
long visits and long stories did not beguile 
pain, lived and practised in the house occu- 



pied by Mr. Houghton, then one story on the 
front until the hill was graded away. 

Deacon James Kimball lived where now 
lives Mr. Hager, and in his house was kept 
the first circulating library in town, owned 
and organized by a library company of citi- 
zens, comprising many standard works. I 
recall Irviug's Columbus, Astoria, etc., a full 
set of Miss Fdgeworth's Tales, Sarran's La- 
fayette, The Listener, etc. No additions 
were made in years, and Jan. 1, 1847, the 
books were sold by auction and scattered 
through the town. 

The road passing Union Schoolhouse. 
often nearly impassable in winter, was the 
only one until 18-17 or 1848. 

Nathan llartwell lived where now lives 
the family of his grandson, Chi) ton Hart- 
well. He had recently sold his house across 
the way, now owned by E. J. Whitney, to 
Mr. John Mason Porter, who moved there 
from the west part of the town near the 
present residence of P. S. Whitcomb. 

Mrs. Lucy Breck, widow of a retired sea 
captain, lived in an old house with gambrel 
roof which went in the rear nearly to the 
ground, where now lives Frank Dodge 
which she sold to John F. Robbins, and built 
and occupied the one now owned by Mr. 
Mitchell. Mrs. Breck's three daughters — 
oue very handsome— were fine, intellectual 

A part of tho old house was rented to 
Mrs. Eri Rogers and her daughter, Miss 
Hannah Rogers, for some years a very suc- 
cessful and popular teacher, always a very 
talented and cultivated woman, held in grate- 
ful remembrance by many citizens of Little- 
ton. She died in 1847 at thirty-seven years 
of age, and was buried from the Unitarian 
church on a Sunday in June, I think, and at 
same hour aud for the united service the 
collin of a neighbor, Mr. Nathan Stuart, 
stood with hers bofore the pulpit, Rev. Mr. 
White officiating. 

The house with brick ends, next the old 
cemetery, built, I have heard, by Captain 
Reed, had in it two families. One, I remem- 
ber, an excellent one, was that of Abel Jones. 

The house of Mrs. Edward Fletcher was 
recently built aud occupied by Mr. Davidson 
until sold to Olvin Raymond, grandfather of 
the donor of three works of art to Reuben 
Hoar library. 

N. B. Robhins, father of Henry A. Rob- 
bins, built and occupied the present home of 
C. M. Lawrence. 

William Chamberlin's tavern, afterward a 
private residence and destrojed by fire, stood 
where now lives A. F. Conaut. 

In that hall were the assemblies or balls 
when dancing began at 4 p. m. aud often 
continued until 4 a. m. next day— no round 
dances then — with a hot turkey supper at 
midnight, interesting to the juveniles were 
the simultaneous requests for dismissal from 
both sides of the schoolroom. Mrs. Cham, 
berlin — a fine cook — made the wedding cake 
for some of them later, and for most wed- 

Thomas Nye, with his wife and boys and 
girls, lived where now lives Mr. Emory. 

Mr. Phelps, another shoemaker in the 
small house formerly occupied by Mr. Need- 

An old Mr. and Mrs. Smith, grandparents 
of Samuel Smith, the historian, lived and 
died in the house remodelled by Mr. Pobin- 
s»on and now owned and occupied by J. W. 

Luther Lapham in next house, and his 
wheelwright shop on first floor of tenement 
house in the corner, aud H. N. Smith and his 
brother, .J. W., made good harnesses up- 

Benjamin Kimball lived where now lives 
Joseph Dodge. 

Lot Sampson, the mason, where lives Miss 
Nye, and Nathan Priest where now lives 
Edwin Robinson. 

Capt. Luther White in the house uuder 
the elm across the road from Mr. Kimball's," 
and where now lives Hiram Brown was the 
store with tenement, of Daniel Bolles, and 
in it the town postotlice, where came a daily 
mail from Boston aud other towns, also from 
East, West and South in the forenoon, aud 
in evening mail from Keene, N. II., aud 
towus en route, brought in bags of moderate 
size under driver's seat of coach, and opened 
and assorted while the stage waited. 

Next where house of John W. Adams was 
burned was a tavern for boarders and trav- 
ellers, kept by Madison Loring. 

The blacksmith shop and house of Joseph 
Stevens completed the circuit of the un- 
feuced and little-shaded old Common.